Upgrade to remove ads
Unit 1: The Gilded Age
Terms in this set (45)
Nickname for a miner or other person that took part in the 1849 California Gold Rush.
Railroad line that linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system; constructed by the
railroads; completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah.
Established a transportation network that revolutionized the population and economy of the American West.
Homestead Act (1862)
Law that encouraged westward expansion by allowing any American who had never taken up arms against the U.S. - including freed slaves, women, and immigrants - to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a filing fee of about $18.
Sped up the settlement of the west; depleted Native Americans of most of their land and resources and accelerated the Indian Wars of the 1870s and 1880s
Name given to the former slaves who migrated from the South to the West following the Civil War.
Battle of Little Big Horn (1876)
Battle at which Colonel George Custer's forces clashed with nearly 4000 well armed Sioux warriors led by
; Custer and more than 250 of his men were killed
Convinced the U.S. government to increase its efforts to subdue the Native Americans
Dawes Act (1887)
Law that gave each Native American head of household 160 acres of land; land deemed to be "surplus" beyond what was needed for allotment was opened to white settlers; designed to encourage the breakup of the tribes and promote the
of Native Americans into American society.
Native Americans lost about 90 million acres of treaty land.
The process in which individuals or groups of differing ethnic heritage are absorbed into the dominant culture of a society.
Carlisle Indian Industrial School
Boarding school opened in 1879 with a mission to "kill the Indian" to "save the Man;" students were forced students to speak English, wear Anglo-American clothing, and act according to U.S. values and culture.
A ritual dance performed by some members of the Sioux tribe in an effort bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land.
Contributed to the
Wounded Knee Massacre
Wounded Knee Massacre (1890)
Conflict between Native Americans and the U.S. government that left between at least 150 Sioux Indians dead.
Marks the last major fight in the Indian Wars, ending any organized resistance to reservation life and assimilation to white American culture.
Economic system in which the government does not intervene in business practices; for example, no minimum wage, no child labor laws, no safety guidelines, no limits on businesses.
A business practice in which a single manufacturer controls all of the steps used to change raw materials into finished products.
A business practice in which a company takes over all of its competitors; monopoly.
John D. Rockefeller
Theory that claims the best people in society are the ones who rise to the top; used to justify
economics as the
"survival of the fittest"
Gospel of Wealth
Article written by
in which he called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society and stimulated a wave of philanthropy.
Homestead Strike (1892)
One of the largest disputes in U.S. labor history; involved workers at the Carnegie Steel Company and private security agents; striking workers were locked out of the plant in an effort to break their
; ended with the arrival of the National Guard.
Demonstrated the government's willingness to assist business owners in labor disputes; setback efforts to unionize workers.
Pullman Strike (1894)
Railroad strike that started when the Pullman Palace Car Company cut wages while maintaining high rents; led by
Eugene V. Debs
; ended when President Grover Cleveland called in federal troops.
Demonstrated the government's willingness to assist business owners in labor disputes.
An organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members.
An organized work stoppage intended to force an employer to address union demands.
A company tool to fight union demands by refusing to allow employees to enter its facilities to work.
A list privately exchanged among employers, containing the names of persons to be barred from employment because of untrustworthiness or for holding opinions considered undesirable.
The policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories.
Reasons for Imperialism:
Desire for Military Strength
Thirst for New Markets
Belief in Cultural Superiority
Great White Fleet
Name for the steam-powered ships of the enlarged and modernized American Navy of the early 1900s.
Annexation of Hawaii
The U.S. acquisition of the Hawaiian islands in 1898; led by American businessmen on the islands after a new nationalist queen took the throne & proposed removing the property owning qualifications for voting.
Queen Liliuokalani; Sanford Dole
Cuban War of Independence
Continued sporadically between 1868 and 1898, as Cubans fought to break from the Spanish Empire; by this time Cuba and the Philippines remained the only two Spanish colonies of the once massive Spanish Empire.
José Martí, General Valeriano Weyler
Policy in which Spain moved rural Cubans into camps to prevent them from giving aid or recruits to the rebels who were fighting for independence.
General Valeriano Weyler
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer
De Lôme Letter
Letter which criticized William McKinley by calling him weak and concerned only with gaining the favor of the crowd; publication of the letter helped generate public support for a war with Spain.
Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, William McKinley, William Randolph Hearst
U.S. battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor killing 268 men; American newspapers and the United States Naval Court of Inquiry blamed a Spanish mine; led to a declaration of war against Spain in 1898.
William Randolph Hearst
Treaty of Paris of 1898
Treaty ending the Spanish-American War; Spain granted independence to Cuba, ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and sold the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
Group formed in 1898 to oppose the U.S. annexation of the Philippines; claimed that imperialism violated the fundamental principle that just republican government must derive from "consent of the governed."
Mark Twain, Jane Addams, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Gompers
Philippine-American War (1899-1902)
Continuation of the Philippine struggle for independence; when Filipinos resorted to guerilla warfare American forces responded by moving the rural population into designated zones where more than 200,000 died; fighting ended in 1902 but the Philippines remained under American until 1946.
Open Door Policy
U.S. policy of promoting equal opportunity for international trade and commerce in China, and respect for China's administrative and territorial integrity.
William McKinley, John Hay
Boxer Rebellion (1900)
An anti-imperialist, anti-foreign, and anti-Christian uprising in China; ended by an international force that included Americans; ultimately, China agreed to pay more than $330 million in reparations to those countries.
A factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region.
Factors that induce people to move to a new location.
Immigration processing center that open in New York Harbor in 1892; it is estimated that close to 40 percent of all current U.S. citizens have an ancestor who walked through its doors.
Education program designed to help immigrants assimilate to American culture; included programs to teach English literacy and American history and government.
Policy of promoting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants, including the support of immigration-restriction measures.
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
The first major legal restriction on immigration to the U.S.; prohibited further unskilled Chinese immigration in order to reduce competition for jobs.
Immigration processing center that opened in San Francisco Bay in 1910.
The growth of cities
Narrow, low-rise apartment buildings common in cities during the Gilded Age; often cramped, poorly lit and lacking indoor plumbing and proper ventilation
A party organization that commands enough votes to maintain control of a city, county, or state; loyal supporters are often rewarded with political appointments and government contracts.
Provided services to immigrants in exchange for their votes; resorted to graft and fraud in order to maintain power.
Journalists who exposed the problems of the Gilded Age; their popular books and magazine articles increased public interest in progressive reform.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH Period 6 Review: 1865-1898
APUSH KTPTK unit 6
Unit 4 US History Vocab
AP US Unit 6 ID's
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
New Deal Programs
Forging an Industrial Society (Spanish)
Unit 2: Empire & Expansion
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Islamic Golden Ages and Renaissance
CH 2 PrepU Quizzes
PH 490A Midterm
vulnerable 2 test 1