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a written plan that provides the basic framework of a government

Articles of Confederation

the first written plan of government for the US; a firm league of friendship between 13 states


the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house,


55 delegates from 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention; the well-bred, well-fed, well-read, well-wed


the delegates that attended the Constitutional Convention

The Great Compromise

the plan that kept a two-house Congress; the House of Representatives would represent the people; the Senate would represent the states

Three-Fifths Compromise

the compromise that settled how slaves were to be counted in determining a state's population; 3/5 of a person


one house of Congress which represents the state; each state would have 2 senators, to be electd by their state legislatures

House of Representatives

one house of Congress that represents the people; the number of representatives from each states would be based on the state's population

Legislative Branch

the lawmaking part of government


to reject a proposed law or a bill, only the president can do this


a proposed law


any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, as by the people in its constitution


having two lawmanking parts - comes from Latin words meaning 'two rooms'

executive branch

the part of the government that carries out the laws

oath of office

the solemn promise the new president makes to defend the Constitution


to formally accuse an official of a crime related to official duties

State of the Union

It fulfills a Constitutional Requirement: Article Two, Section Three: "He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union,

Supreme Court

the last stop in the judicial system; nine members called justices; they serve for life

Judicial Branch

the part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that interprets the laws

checks and balances

the system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches


an association of states who cooperate for a common purpose


an agreement in which both sides in a dispute agree to give up something they want in order to achieve a settlement


these allow one branch to block the actions of another branch


these allow each branch of the government to hae some role in the actions and power of the other branches

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