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25 terms

Gr.8 US Constitution

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constitution
a written plan that provides the basic framework of a government
Articles of Confederation
the first written plan of government for the US; a firm league of friendship between 13 states
congress
the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house,
delegates
55 delegates from 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention; the well-bred, well-fed, well-read, well-wed
framers
the delegates that attended the Constitutional Convention
The Great Compromise
the plan that kept a two-house Congress; the House of Representatives would represent the people; the Senate would represent the states
Three-Fifths Compromise
the compromise that settled how slaves were to be counted in determining a state's population; 3/5 of a person
Senate
one house of Congress which represents the state; each state would have 2 senators, to be electd by their state legislatures
House of Representatives
one house of Congress that represents the people; the number of representatives from each states would be based on the state's population
Legislative Branch
the lawmaking part of government
Veto
to reject a proposed law or a bill, only the president can do this
Bill
a proposed law
Law
any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, as by the people in its constitution
bicameral
having two lawmanking parts - comes from Latin words meaning 'two rooms'
executive branch
the part of the government that carries out the laws
oath of office
the solemn promise the new president makes to defend the Constitution
impeach
to formally accuse an official of a crime related to official duties
State of the Union
It fulfills a Constitutional Requirement: Article Two, Section Three: "He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union,
Supreme Court
the last stop in the judicial system; nine members called justices; they serve for life
Judicial Branch
the part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that interprets the laws
checks and balances
the system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches
confederation
an association of states who cooperate for a common purpose
compromise
an agreement in which both sides in a dispute agree to give up something they want in order to achieve a settlement
checks
these allow one branch to block the actions of another branch
balances
these allow each branch of the government to hae some role in the actions and power of the other branches