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Articles of Confederation
the first written plan of government for the US; a firm league of friendship between 13 states
the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house,
55 delegates from 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention; the well-bred, well-fed, well-read, well-wed
The Great Compromise
the plan that kept a two-house Congress; the House of Representatives would represent the people; the Senate would represent the states
the compromise that settled how slaves were to be counted in determining a state's population; 3/5 of a person
one house of Congress which represents the state; each state would have 2 senators, to be electd by their state legislatures
House of Representatives
one house of Congress that represents the people; the number of representatives from each states would be based on the state's population
any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, as by the people in its constitution
State of the Union
It fulfills a Constitutional Requirement: Article Two, Section Three: "He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union,
the last stop in the judicial system; nine members called justices; they serve for life
the part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that interprets the laws
checks and balances
the system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches
an agreement in which both sides in a dispute agree to give up something they want in order to achieve a settlement
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