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refers to a group of recently coined words often used in informal
situations. These words often come and go quickly, passing in and out ofusage within months or years.

Colloquial expressions

nonstandard, often regional, ways of using
language appropriate to informal or conversational speech and writing.


words and expressions characteristic of a particular trade,
profession, or pursuit.


a nonstandard subgroup of a language with its own vocabulary
and grammatical features. Writers often use regional dialects or dialectsthat reveal a person's economic or social class.

Concrete diction

specific words that describe physical qualities or conditions.

Abstract diction

refers to language that denotes ideas, emotions, conditions, or concepts that are intangible.


the exact, literal definition of a word independent of any emotional association or secondary meaning.


the implicit rather than explicit meaning of a word; consists
of the suggestions, associations, and emotional overtones attached to a word.

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