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World Before 1914 Review Activity
Test Review Prep for study activities designed around IB History Curriculum
Terms in this set (29)
An economic system based on private property and free enterprise. Uses Supply and Demand to create an equilibrium Price.
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests. Involves a Parent Country setting up colonies to exploit them for raw Materials
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods. (examples of inventions are: Smelting Iron, Power Loom and the Steam Engine)
A time when new inventions such as the seed drill and the steel plow made farming easier and faster. The production of food rose dramatically.
The year in which South American countries began to declare independence from their European colonizers.
The military strategy used by Shake Zulu
Leader of Zulu people, Around 1816 used highly disciplined warriors and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Minerals found in South African that brought in English miners
Battle of Ishandlwana
The battle where the weaker Zulu army defeated the heavily Armed British Army
Although being outnumbered 150 to 4,000 men, British stay centralized and are able to defeat the Zulus and eventually win the war
substance derived from the opium poppy from which all narcotic drugs are derived. Sold by the United Kingdom to Chinese Citizens during the 1800s.
A Chinese secret society that blamed the country's ills on foreigners, especially missionaries, and rose in rebellion in 1899-1900
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Tools of the Agricultural Revolution
Selective Breeding, The Plough, Seed Drill, Threshing Machine, 4-field crop rotation
Tools of the Industrial Revolution
Lightbulb, Dynamite, The Spinning Mule, Internal Combustion Engine, Water Frame
Example of the Factory System
Cotton --> T-Shirt ---> Shipped to deliver/sell
Results of Boxer Rebellion
Foreign Powers gain foreign control of provinces and Qing dynasty was stripped of any power.
Goods Exploited in South America
Gold, Silver, Sugar and Tobacco
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Number of Mexican Leaders during the first 55 years of independence.
He became president of Mexico in 1914. He succeeded the harsh President Huerta. He helped to write the original Mexican Constitution.
Tradition of Oral History
African History is hard to pin down because the majority is through oral and not written communication.
Bull's Horn Strategy
Fighting strategy of Shaka Zulu that featured 3 sections - Loins, Chest, Horns
idea of all-out attacks aimed at destroying not only an enemy's army but also its resources and its people's will to fight, Used by Shaka Zulu
War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. From complex beginnings, the war is notable for several particularly bloody battles, as well as for being a landmark in the timeline of colonialism in the region. The war ended the Zulu nation's independence.(1879)
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
United States financier who accumulated great wealth from railroad and shipping businesses (1794-1877)
An influential banker and businessman who bought and reorganized companies. His US Steel company would buy Carnegie steel and become the largest business in the world in 1901
Impacts of the Industrial Revolution
Population increase, growth of middle class, standard of living increases for many. Improved transportation, education, increased medicine. Urbanization, pollution. Dissatisfaction of working class with working conditions.
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