52 terms

World History: Israel/Palestine

CONTAINS: 1. Basic Middle Eastern Geography 2. Orientalism 3. Israeli-Palestine Conflict
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Terms in this set (...)

Sunni Muslim
Majority in Middle East
Shia Muslim
Majority in Iran, minority everywhere else
Christianity in Middle East
Coptic Church (Egypt)
Maronite Church (Lebanon)
Five Pillars
1. Salat (daily prayer)
2. Hajj (pilgrimage)
3. Zakat (giving)
4. Shahadah (declaration of faith)
5. Ramadan (fasting holy month)
Surrah
Islam verse
Ottoman Empire
North Africa-Middle East-Eastern Europe
(ruling vastly)
Hereditary monarchy
Ottoman Empire Decline
1900-Balkan states warring
Ottoman Empire: WWI
Neutral, no allies
What if the Ottoman Empire allied with the winning side in WWI?
Result could have turned them into a country (but doesn't happen)
Results with Ottoman Empire Land
North Africa territories become countries
Zionism
Movement for a Jewish nation
(move into Palestine)
Balfour Declaration
1917-British govt promises Jewish homeland in Palestine
Sykes-Picot Agreement
1916-(if Entente wins...)
Holy Land is international zone
British and French influence and control
Hussein-McMahon Correspondence
1916-Mecca/British secret agreement
Russia leaked it...
League of Nations Mandate
1920-land compromises
GB-Iraq, Jordan, Palestine (becomes Jewish state)
France-Lebanon, Syria
White Paper 1922
Splits Transjordan and Palestine--->limits where the Jews can settle (prevents fighting)
White Paper 1939
-Jewish state will be created within 10 years
-Jewish immigration permitted governed by GB
[GB taking responsibility of riots and knows war is coming--Chamberlain]
1940s
GB=total war-->cannot govern colonial territory
United Nations created
Reaction to Partition Plan
Zionists= :D, got what they wanted
Arabs=betrayal of former homeland (UN replaced land)
GB=happy to leave Middle East to focus on WWII
Israel's Declaration of Independence
May 14th 1948
May 15th-GB evacuates Israel
(! IMPETUS OF ARAB ISRAELI WAR !)
Phase One
Palestinian Arabs invading Jewish settlements
(Israel wins)
Phase Two
Jewish army responds
Phase Three
Israel invaded by: Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt
Israeli Defense Force (IDF) response is successful and gains territory
Resolutions of Arab-Israeli War 1948
Peace-1949
-Israel gains Gaza and Golan
-Jordan gains West Bank
Six Day War
Egypt blocks a port to threaten Israelis
Israel gives pre emptive strike (wins)
Israel v. Egypt, Jordan, Syria
Post Six Day War
Israel wins all land (Sinai, Gaza, West Bank, Golan, East Jerusalem)
Resolution 242
UN has spoken-Israel needs to give some land back
Arab League
3 No's against Israel
1. NO PEACE
2. NO NEGOTIATIONS
3. NO RECOGNITION
Yom Kippur War 1973
Egypt attacks Israel through Sinai, Syria attacks through Golan
Israel counter- successful, wins banks of Suez Canal
Result of Yom Kippur War
UN mediates, DMZ to solve issues outside of Israeli boundaries
PLO-1964
Palestinian Liberation Organization-end Zionists and recreate Palestine (leader-Yasser Arafat)
Israeli Govt 1964
Does not want compromise with PLO
EVERYONE IS ISRAEL
Suez Crisis 1956
Great Aswan Dam (nationalized)
GB, Fr, and Israel INVADE Egypt
Two International Obligations
1. Israel and neighbors
2. Internal Israeli/Palestinian conflict
Camp David Accords
Jimmy Carter (USA) Anwar Sadat (Egy) Menachem Begin (Isr)--->SECRET NEGOTIATIONS
Peace with Egypt 1979
Israel gives back Sinai to Egypt
Egypt will recognize Israel
Deliberate 50 mile DMZ boundary
Peace with Jordan 1994
Jordan relinquishes claim to West Bank
One State/Two State
One country/Two countries?
Intifada 1987
Internal movement within Palestine to obliterate Israel (West Bank, Gaza Strip protests)
Road Map to Peace 2003
George Bush's attempt to form an agreement that resulted in peace with Palestine and Israel
Fatah
large political faction, wants 2 STATE SOLUTION, founded by Yasser Arafat
Hamas
focused on social welfare and armed resistance (not a political party), wants 1 STATE SOLUTION
democracy
originated in Greece -- Athens 5th century BCE/CE
direct democracy
voters were men, rich, free, white and Athenian
representative democracy
...
republic
the head of the political machine is the President
the head of state is the President
the President is elected
constitutional monarchy
the head of the political machine is the Prime Minister, who is elected
the head of state is the Queen, who is not elected
autocracy
ruled by one person
monarchy
...
totalitarian dictatorship
force/fear/terror/indoctrination
oligarchy
ruled by a few
theocracy
Iran -- Ayatollah -- religion runs the country