clinical psych ch 2 midterm
Terms in this set (17)
Why is Wilhem Wundt considered the founder of psychology? (p. 22)
he created the first lab devoted to the study of mental processes in 1879. Believed in the application of empirical research. The creation of the lab shwed psych as a science
During the first half of the 20th century, what activity came to characterize applied psychology more than any other? (p.24)
Whose classification system for mental disorders involved an approach that is evident in the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders? (p. 28
What major sociocultural event created an acute need for psychological testing in the U.S.? (p. 29)
What factors contributed to psychology's evolution toward a focus on providing therapy to adults? (p. 30)
1. psychological tested expanded to include measure of personality and psychopathology.
2.child guidance clinics, broadened their client baseto include treatment of social as well as educational maladjustment.
3.psychologists were eager to learn psychoanalysis.
What major development in 1946 supported clinical psychology as an applied field that offered psychotherapy? (p. 33)
Th American board of examiners in professional Psychology (ABPP) was established and the American Psychologist journal was published.
What is the aim of treatment in the psychoanalytic approach? (p. 34)
unearthing the sources of the clients symptoms
What is phenomenology? (p. 35)
behaviors interpreted by the perceptions and experiences of the subject.
What was the focus of client-centered (aka humanistic, person-centered) therapy? (p. 36)
the experience of avoidance as they occur in perceptions, feelings, and thoughts.
What were some of the impacts of the behavioral approach in the field? (p. 37)
application of conditioning principles to the treatment of fear. Learning based treatments for sexual disorders, substance abuse, and various anxiety related conditions.
What is the focus of cognitive therapy? (p. 38)
to modify maladaptive behaviors by influencing a clients cognitions: beliefs schemas self statements assumptions expectations and problem solving strategies
Why are clinical psychologists becoming increasingly interested in the biological causes of mental disorders? (p. 41)
it appears that those factors can be modified by psychological intervention
Why do clinical approaches tend to be self-contained and even myopic? (p. 45)
to make it easier to learn one area at a time. after a while it became too narrow and specified.
Why is Wilhelm Wundt considered the founder of psychology?
Because he established the first laboratory devoted to studying mental processes using empirical research methods
This major sociocultural event created an acute need for psychological testing in the U.S.?
What is WWI
What is the aim of treatment in the psychoanalytic approach?
To unearth the sources of the clients symptoms; such as recovering repressed memories and unexpressed emotions.
Why do clinical approaches tend to be self-contained and even myopic?
Because the time required to develop solid conceptual grounding in several theories can be prohibitive
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