Chapter 13 - The Executive Branch and White House Staff
Terms in this set (30)
A political institution of the executive branch of government that is comprised of fifteen
department heads who collectively serve as advisors to the president is called the
____. Each department head is appointed by the president and carry
out the administrative policies of the president in their respective departments
The appointment power of the president enables him to place thousands of officials into
high positions of the government. These political appointees form the
____ of the president that direct the executive branch of
Each of the fifteen cabinet departments is headed by a ____, chosen
by the president and approved by the Senate. Each department head manages a
specific area of public policy with unique duties and responsibilities.
____ has the authority to create agencies within the executive branch of government
The ____ has the authority to appoint individuals into the agencies of government, subject to the approval of the Senate
There are ____ departments of the President's Cabinet
There are ____ government corporations, independent agencies, and regulatory agencies.
The ____ appoints the secretaries and undersecretaries of the Cabinet departments.
Provides a service hat could be handled by the private sector and typically charges for their services, though often at cheaper rates than those in the private sector; typically have revenue shortfalls and need subsidies from cCongress to sustain their operations
independent executive agencies
exists apart from the cabinet departments because their placement would pose conflicts with their practical or symbolic policies. The heads of these agencies are appointed by the president and they report directly to the president
independent regulatory commissions
Congress has created numerous ____ to put into action and enforce the laws and regulations on specific industries or sectors of the economy to protect public interests. Each commission is governed by a small number (5-10) of board members that are appointed by the president and approved by the Senate.
Federal Communications Commission
charged with licensing radio and TV stations and enforcing programming regulations to protect public interests. They also regulate interstate long distance telephone, cable television, and interned rates.
Federal trade commission
responsible for regulating business and trade practices, controlling monopolistic business behaviors, consumer protection, truth in advertising, and other public interests that protect consumers.
Securities and Exchange Commission
created to police and enforces regulations on the buying and selling of stock on the stock market
national labor relations board
created to regulate labor and management relationships in businesses; they protect unions and their right of collective bargaining and they prohibit various unfair practices by labor unions
federal aviation administration
has the responsibility of regulating airline safety and administering the air traffic control system within the nation
White House Offices
The top aides to the president are people who are completely loyal to him and provide
advice on the most serious to mundane matters of government. Many occupy
____ and see the president on a routine basis.
The historical role of the ____ is typically to host social events at
the White House, visit public institutions, promote social or welfare issues, and to loyally
stand by her husband.
Executive Office of the President
The ____ is the managerial arm of the
presidency. It consists of a collection of offices and organizations of policy making
bodies. Three major policymaking bodies are: the National Security Council, the Office
of Management and Budget, and the Council of Economic Advisers.
An official or a panel of judges appointed by a court to investigate allegations of criminal
activity by high-ranking members in the executive branches of government is called the
National Security Council
a committee that links the president's key foreign and military advisors. Its formal members include the president, the vice president, and the secretaries of state and defense.
Council of Economic Advisers
consists of three prominent academic economists that prepare economic forecasts, analyze economic issues, and prepare presidential reports on the economy to Congress.
Office of Management and Budget
composed of political appointees and career officials who are responsible for preparing the president's budget proposals to Congress and administers the national budget once approved by Congress.
The vice president's power and influence depends upon the ____.
The constitution assigns the vice president the authority to preside over the ____. There is no other constitutional executive authority given to this office.
Chief of Staff
At the center of the White House Office is the ____, who acts as a gatekeeper, traffic cop, and coordinator of the president's schedule and interests. These individuals are totally loyal to the president and most of them received their appointments due to their work on his election campaign. This is a convenient way to reward campaign supporters that do not require Senate approval.
Presidents can fire ____ instantly.
Hired based on experience and merit, president cannot fire workers without cause
cut money for departments, holds back money from being used after Congress has approved it
White House Staff
divided up into three basic groups: political offices, policy offices, and support services
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Chapter 13 - Vocabulary