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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Absolute age
  2. Angular Unconformity
  3. Composite
  4. Superposition
  5. Earthquake
  1. a Age in years of a rock or other objects that can be determined by using properties of the atoms that make up materials.
  2. b Volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; fond mostly where earths plates come together and one plate sinks below the other.
  3. c An unconformity in which younger sediment or sedimentary rocks rest on the eroded surface of tilted or folded older rocks.
  4. d Vibrations producedwjen rocks break along a fault
  5. e States that in an undisturbed rock layers the oldest rocks are on the bottom and the rocks become progressively younger toward the top.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Geologist who developed the principle of Uniformitarianism, considered the father of modern geology.
  2. Thin film Of carbon residue preserved as a fossil.
  3. The amount of damage caused by an earthquake.
  4. Igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground.
  5. A type of body fossil that forms in rock when an organism with hard parts is buried, decays or dissolves and leaves a cavity int he rock

5 True/False questions

  1. Index FossilRemains of species that existed on earth for a relatively short period of time, were abundant and widespread geography, and can be used geologists to assign the ages of rock layers.


  2. Shield VolcanoeSteep sided loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.


  3. Cross-cutting relationshipPrinciple that states that which cats across is younger that what it cuts.


  4. SillIgneous rock featured formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers layers of rock that hardens underground.


  5. FocusA type of body fossil that firms when crystals fill a mold or sediments wash into mold and harden into rock.


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