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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Charles Darwin
  2. Uniformitarianism
  3. Dike
  4. Angular Unconformity
  5. Carbon Film
  1. a An unconformity in which younger sediment or sedimentary rocks rest on the eroded surface of tilted or folded older rocks.
  2. b Thin film Of carbon residue preserved as a fossil.
  3. c English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of South America and the Pacific islands, and in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution.
  4. d Principle that states that processes that are occurring on the earth today have happened also in the past at or about the same rate.
  5. e Igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Geologist who developed the principle of Uniformitarianism, considered the father of modern geology.
  2. States that in an undisturbed rock layers the oldest rocks are on the bottom and the rocks become progressively younger toward the top.
  3. Surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic limit and break
  4. A type of body fossil that forms in rock when an organism with hard parts is buried, decays or dissolves and leaves a cavity int he rock
  5. Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquakes focus.

5 True/False questions

  1. FocusA type of body fossil that firms when crystals fill a mold or sediments wash into mold and harden into rock.

          

  2. Cross-cutting relationshipRemains of species that existed on earth for a relatively short period of time, were abundant and widespread geography, and can be used geologists to assign the ages of rock layers.

          

  3. RecyclingVolcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; fond mostly where earths plates come together and one plate sinks below the other.

          

  4. PangaeaSeismic sea wave that begins over an earthquake focus and can be highly destructive when it crashes on the shore.

          

  5. Hot SpotUnusually a hot area at the boundary between Earths mantel and core that forms volcanoes melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust.