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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Epicenter
  2. Fossil
  3. Cinder Cone
  4. Focus
  5. Dike
  1. a In an earthquake, the point below Earth's surface were energy is released in the form of Seismic waves.
  2. b Steep sided loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.
  3. c Igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground.
  4. d The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past.
  5. e Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquakes focus.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of South America and the Pacific islands, and in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution.
  2. Surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic limit and break
  3. Geologist who developed the principle of Uniformitarianism, considered the father of modern geology.
  4. Seismic sea wave that begins over an earthquake focus and can be highly destructive when it crashes on the shore.
  5. A type of body fossil that firms when crystals fill a mold or sediments wash into mold and harden into rock.

5 True/False questions

  1. SillIgneous rock featured formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers layers of rock that hardens underground.

          

  2. Hot SpotUnusually a hot area at the boundary between Earths mantel and core that forms volcanoes melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust.

          

  3. Angular UnconformityAn unconformity in which younger sediment or sedimentary rocks rest on the eroded surface of tilted or folded older rocks.

          

  4. EarthquakeMeasure of energy released during an earthquake.

          

  5. MagnitudeMeasure of energy released during an earthquake.