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BJU World History, 4th ed., Chapter 5
Terms in this set (51)
Period of peace and prosperity from 31 BC to AD 180.
The Senate conferred this title on Octavian when he restored the republic. And, co-emperor of half (Western) of the Roman Empire. Gave himself the name "princeps" (1st citizen). Also known as Caesar.
Dominated the first half of this literary age. Leading political figure of the late republic and also an outstanding scholar, author, lawyer, and statesman.
Considered the greatest Roman poet. Glorified Rome in his epic poem the Aeneid. "Homer of Rome."
"Poet of the Augustan Age." Spoke of the triumph of Rome, and described the dangers of a life of luxury.
Wrote about mythology and love. His best know work is Metamorphoses, a collection of over two hundred myths of the ancient world.
Wrote a lengthy history of Rome in some 142 volumes.
Wrote satires using ridicule and wit to address the loose morals and social problems of the empire. Longed for a return of the republic. "juvenile"
Favored the old republic over life under the self-centered emperors. His work Annals is valuable but pessimistic history of Rome from the death of Augustus to the reign of Nero.
Probably the most famous Greek writer in the Roman Empire. Parallel Lives of Illustrious Greeks and Romans is not only an excellent literary work but also the source of valuable historical information.
Experimenting on animals, this Greek physician studied the lungs, heart, arteries, and blood. His encyclopedia became the medical authority of the Middle Ages.
This Alexandrian astronomer and mathematician promoted the Geocentric Theory.
The theory that the earth is the center of the universe.
Built by Romans to supply water to many of their cities.
Criminals or war captives forced to participate in the Colosseum.
Philosophy that true happiness comes when you eliminate fear and pain. Centers around pursuit of pleasure
This poet was probably the greatest promoter of Epicureanism in the Roman world.
The tutor of the emperor Nero and an outstanding writer and thinker. One of the leading Stoics of the Roman empire.
Teaches that the highest good is the pursuit of the virtues of courage, dignity, duty, simplicity of life, and service to fellow men. Living a disciplined life is where it's at.
Scholar, philosopher, administrator, and last of the so-called Good Emperors of Rome. Expressed the Stoic ideals in his book Meditations.
The Roman emperors held this title, meaning "Greatest Priest." They were head of the church and government.
centers of worship built by the Jews.
Greek translation of the Old Testament.
A sacrifice sent by God to redeem fallen man from his sinful condition and to provide eternal life to those who trust in Him.
Roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death despite finding no guilt in Him.
Roman emperor at the time of Jesus's death.
The death to which Jesus was sentenced.
God sent His Son to be born of a virgin, to live a sinless life, and to die in the place of sinful humans so that they might be forgiven of their sins and be given the righteousness of Jesus Christ.
The first Christian martyr.
Born into a Jewish home in Tarsus. He inherited Roman citizenship, received one of the best educations a Jew could obtain, and became a Pharisee.
The Jewish historian who later recorded the conflict between the Jews and the Romans, warned the Jews of the folly of armed resistance against the mighty Romans, and told of the destruction of Jerusalem.
The war came to a climax as the Roman legions under their commander Titus destroyed Jerusalem in this year.
Roman commander who breached the walls of Jerusalem, looted the temple, and completely destroyed the city.
First official Roman persecution of Christianity began under this emperor.
the last and most violent widespread Roman persecution occurred during the reign of this emperor.
Constantine made Christianity legal in this year.
This Roman emperor made Christianity legal in AD 313 with the Edict of Milan, ending three hundred years of Roman persecution.
Christianity became the official and exclusive religion of the Roman empire by edict of this emperor.
Exercised a strong influence on the church from the fourth century to the end of the Middle Ages. Belief that a holy life is complete separation from the world. (monk, monastery) Not biblically based, but came from Eastern pagan religions.
The bishops of the most important cities of the empire--Jerusalem, Alexandria, Rome, Antioch, and Constantinople.
This fierce nomadic tribe, which had menaced the Chinese empire for centuries, now moved across Asia into Europe, bringing terror and destruction upon all who were in its path.
A Germanic tribe who crossed the Danube River and settled in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. They rebelled because of mistreatment by Roman officials.
The Visgoths soundly defeated the Roman army and killed the emperor at the Battle of Adrianople in this year.
Called the "scourge of God," for he was believed to be the instrument of God's wrath upon a sinful people. Fierce leader of the Huns who invaded Roman territory.
A Germanic tribe that established a kingdom in North Africa. They raided and pillaged Rome. Their name came to mean "a destroyer of property."
The date for the fall of Rome. In this year, the army ended the long period of Roman rule by placing a non-Roman upon the emperor's throne in the west.
Edict of Milan
A law made by Constantine that made Christianity legal.
Battle of Adrianpole
Visigoths defeated Romans and killed the emperor
Meaning "first citizen"
A term used for all those outside the Roman empire who did not share in the Greek or Roman cultures.
Erupted in AD 79 and buried the city of Pompeii
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