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26 terms

DRHS - Sherrill Plants and Photosynthesis

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Glucose
Sugar created by plants through photosynthesis
ATP
Energy molecule for the cell created by cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
Process where plants take in sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to create sugars and give off oxygen
Oxygen
Gas released from plants as a product of photosynthesis
Carbon Dioxide
Gas required by plants to do photosynthesis
Reactants
The chemicals that go into a chemical reaction
Products
The chemicals that come out of a chemical reaction
Autotroph
An organism that can produce its own food using sunlight
Chloroplasts
The organelle in plants that allows them to do photosynthesis
Mitochondria
The organelle in all organisms that produces ATP energy for the cell
Chlorophyll
The pigment in chloroplasts where photosynthesis takes place
Leaf
The photosynthetic organ of most plants
Vascular tissue
The network of tubes that allow plants to transport and store water
Seed
A plant embryo
Pollen
The male sex cell for plants
Ovule
The female sex cell for plants
Pistil
The female sex organ of angiosperms. Consists of the stigma, style, and the ovary
Sepals
The specialized leaves that enclose and protect the flower
Stamen
The male sex organ of angiosperms. Consists of the anther and the filament
Anther
The structure that produces pollen
Ovary
The structure that produces eggs
Fruit
Swollen ovary that protects the developing seeds and aids in seed dispersal
Pollination
The transfer of pollen from one flower to another
Fertilization
When the pollen fertilizes the egg
Angiosperms
Plants that have flowers/fruit
Gymnosperms
Plants that have cones and pine needles