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46 terms

Medical Glossary

medical vocabulary, medical assistant, MA, terminology review
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abortion
termination of pregnancy
abrasion
scrape
abscess
symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
absorbable suture
suture material that is gradually digested by tissue enzymes and absorbed by the body.
adnexal
adjacent
adventitious sounds
abnormal breath sounds
adverse reaction
undesirable drug effect
aerobe
a microorganism that can live and grow only in the presence of oxygen
afebrile
without fever
agglutination
clumping of blood cells
allergen
substance that causes an allergic reaction
allergy
Individual hypersensitivity to a substance that is usually harmless
aveolus
tiny cells in lungs where gases are exchanged
ambulation
walking or moving from one place to another
ambulatory
capable of walking
ameboid movement
movement used by leukocytes that permits them to propel themselves from the capillaries into the tissues
amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
amplitude
the height of a wave
ampule
a small glass container for individual doses of liquid medications
anaerobe
a microorganism having the ability to live without oxygen
anaphylactic reaction
a severe allergic reaction usually occurs immediately after the administration of the drug
anemia
deficiency of red blood cells
antecubital space
space located at the front of the elbow
antibody
Protein produced by lymphocytes that helps destroy bacteria, viruses, or other antigens (pathogens)
anticoagulant
drug that prevents clotting of the blood; commonly used to prevent heart attack and ischemic stroke
antigen
Foreign protein (such as on a bacterium or virus) that stimulates white blood cells to make antibodies
antipyretic
a drug that reduces fever
antiseptic
a substance used to prevent infection
antiserum
blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens
aorta
largest artery in the body
apnea
temporary absence of breathing
approximation
the act of bringing near or bringing together especially the cut edges of tissue
arrhythmia
irregular heart beat
artifact
additional electrical activity picked up by the electrocardiograph
asepsis
Free from infection or pathogens
atherosclerosis
Fatty deposits on the walls of arteries
attending physician
physician who cares for patient while in hospital
atypical
not normal; not typical
audiometer
machine that measures hearing acuity producing sounds at a specific intensity
auscultation
hearing sounds within the body through a stethoscope
autoclave
a device utilizing steam under pressure to sterilize medical instruments and lab specimens
autoimmune disease
a disease in which the immune system attacks the organism's own cells
automated method
(For testing laboratory specimen) A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test is performed by an automated analyzer.
axilla
the armpit
bacilli
Rod shaped bacteria
bandage
strip of cloth used to cover or dress a wound