Logical Fallacy quiz 1
Terms in this set (20)
"A political body, like any other body, works best when there is a head leading it, so why are we so fearful of autocratic government rule?"
"All girls like dogs. Dogs like playing with tennis balls. All girls like tennis"
"Dr. Green argues very powerfully for vaccines, but what he does not mention is that he is the same man who ten years ago published articles in favor of euthanasia and infanticide."
"Ghosts definitely exist. Research teams have spent many years and millions of dollars attempting to prove that they don't; and they have never succeeded."
APPEAL TO IGNORANCE
"Half a loaf is better than nothing. Nothing is better than good health; so half a loaf is better than good health."
"I was at the University for 10 minutes and I met three people, all drunk. That whole place must be in a perpetual state of inebriation."
"I'm backing Mitt Romney for president on this one; he can't be wrong all the time."
"I'm asking you to do this because I respect you." / "How do I know you respect me?" / "Would I ask you to do it otherwise?"
CIRCULAR REASONING/BEGGING THE QUESTION
"If we allow physician-assisted suicide, then eventually the government will control how we die."
"If we import goods, we send our jobs to other countries, but if we export our good, we send our property overseas. Since we must export or import we are bound to be losing jobs or products."
FALSE DILEMMA/FALSE DICHOTOMY
"If you measure the size of children's' feet, you will see that their handwriting improves as the shoe size increases."
"If you tell the truth, men will hate you. If you tell lies, the gods will hate you, and because you must speak you will be hated by either the gods or the people"
FALSE DILEMMA/FALSE DICHOTOMY
"If you're a former veteran and yet you're against an increase in gun ownership, I would doubt that you are a real patriot."
APPEAL TO PURITY/NO TRUE SCOTSMAN
"In demanding a ban on Spanish imports until bullfighting is allowed, I am joined by distinguished international scientists, top scholars and leading figures from the worlds of communication and the arts."
"People who think abortion should be banned have no respect for the rights of women. They think they are nothing but baby-making machines. That's wrong. Women must have the right to choose.
"Those who still oppose nuclear disarmament should study the effects of a thermonuclear blast. It can melt the eyeballs and vaporize human flesh from great distances"
APPEAL TO EMOTION/FEAR
"We should not hold a man too accountable for his indiscretions outside of his marriage when that is just the natural urge and desire of all people." APPEAL TO NATURE
"You think that the refs were cheating for the Seniors, but I heard that it was actually worse for the Juniors. I guess it was probably fair after it all balances out."
On the train, a local farmer selling fruit met a pair of tourists from out of town. They had never had a kiwi before, so he gave one to each of them. As the husband bit into his, the train entered a tunnel. "Don't eat it, honey." he shouted, "they make you go blind."
When I need to convince my kids to do something, I will say, "Are you going to clean up your room before or after you drink you take a shower?"