47 terms

Music Final Exam

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Ud
a fretless, plucked pear-shaped lute with five strings found in Arabic music traditions. like chinese pipa, japenese biwa, and renaissance lute
Accordion
A bellows-driven free-reed aerophone with buttons or keys that enable a
performer to play melody and harmony simultaneously.
Africans
very diverse people: Sahara desert (sahel zone), sub-saharan africa, everywhere else
Akadinda
A large, heavy log xylophone from sub-Saharan Africa (Uganda) that is played by two groups of three players facing each other
Atumpan
talking drums, A pair of goblet-shaped drums often used as a speech surrogate by several ethnic
groups from Ghana.
Aztec
A pre-Columbian indigenous population found in central and southern Mexico.
Banda tipica
An early type of dance band that plays popular music from the Texas-Mexico borderland region of North America. Dancing includes waltz, polka, mazurka has to do with conjunto
Bandoneon
A type of button-box accordion from Argentina used in Tango
banjo
A fretted, plucked lute from the United States that uses a membrane face on the
resonator used in Bluegrass
Berimbau
A musical bow used in capoeira music from Brazil
Biwa
A fretted, pear-shaped, plucked lute from Japan used in Gagaku court music like Chinese pipa
Bluegrass
A style of American folk music characterized by virtuosic instrumental
performance and the so-called "high lonesome" vocal style, in which a harmony pitch is sung above the main melody.
Button-box accordion
signature cajun instrument
Cajun
A term describing the cultural traditions, including music, of French-speaking
Louisiana, USA.
Zydeco
creole dance music that blends African-American styles with Cajun styles from the SOuthern US, mostly Louisiana
Capoeira
A form of dance that developed from a distinctive style of martial arts created by runaway slaves in Brazil.
Carnival
A pre-Lent festival celebrated primarily in Europe and the Caribbean. Known as
Mardi Gras in the United States.
Ceilidh
A kind of "house party" associated with fiddling traditions in Canada and Scotland.
Cimbalom
A hammered zither from Eastern Europe, commonly associated with Rom (gypsy) music. Also, the national instrument of Hungary.
Conjunto
A popular dance music found along the Texas-Mexico border in North, spanish influences
America.
Creole
A term referring to populations of French descent that are found in the Southern US, mostly Louisiana, deals with cajun
Double-stops
The practice of playing two strings simultaneously on bowed lutes such as
the violin.
Flute
A type of aerophone that splits a column of air on an edge to produce sound
Gamelan Gong Kebyar
An ensemble type from Bali, Indonesia, comprised primarily of metallophones and characterized by rhythmically dense performance technique.
Guitarron
A LARGE fretted plucked lute from Mexico, similar to a guitar but with a
convex resonator used in Mariachi
Iberian
Peninsula consisting of Spain and Portugal
Indigenous
native
Kanun
qanun, A plucked zither used in Turkish and Arabic music traditions.
Mandolin
A high-ranged fretted lute commonly used in bluegrass music from the United States. (Chapter 13) Also the term for a medieval round-bodied lute.
Mariachi
An entertainment music associated with festivals and celebratory events in
Mexico.
Mouth music
Gaelic nonsense words such as imitation of bagpipes.
Piano
A musical instrument in which felt-covered hammers, operated from a keyboard, strike the metal strings.
Picking
a way to play instruments
Pipa
A pear-shaped lute from China like the japanese biwa
Polyrhythms
term meaning "multiple rhythms"; the organizational basis for most sub-Saharan African music traditions.
Portuguese
the Romance language spoken in Portugal and Brazil, samba
Samba
A popular music from Brazil.
Santur
A hammered zither from the Persian classical tradition. Often cited as the origin of hammered zithers found throughout Asia, Northern Africa, Europe, and the Western hemisphere.
zither
a type of stringed instrument
Scotland
bagpipes
Sikuri
A type of ensemble from Peru, consisting of siku performers with accompanying drummers.
Spanish
language of Dominican Republic, eastern part of Hispaniola like merengue
Susap
A mouth harp from Papua New Guinea played by men to court women
Tango
A dance and associated music originating in Argentina, but now commonly
associated with ballroom dance
Vihuela
A SMALL, fretted plucked lute from Mexico, similar to a guitar but with a convex resonator.
Washboard
used in zydeco and similar to blues and rock, frottoir, played with thimbles, bottle openers, kitchen utensils, made of metal
yangqin
A hammered zither from China