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theory dev. & theory driven pract.
intro to theories exam 2 material
Terms in this set (34)
at first theories are all.. and they..
hypothetical-tested through research
Theories provide the OT profession
with understanding between engagement of occupation and health and wellness
Overall trying to explain why something happens/ why they are related
paradigm is what:
Shared common vision, beliefs, values
"Knowledge base, values, and world view upon which OTs can agree"
Conceptual Practice Model Attempts to answer the question:
what does OT evaluate and treat and why?
Conceptual Practice Model provides what?
theory, evidence to support theory in practice, and resources to support practice
explain the professions rationale, guide in decision, provides evidence and resources to support practice
kielhofner circle diagram diff types of knowledge: middle layer
Paradigm: layers of knowledge (middle) all Ots no matter what this is our paradigm believe in this.
kielhofner circle diagram diff types of knowledge: above middle layer
conceptual practice model: Encorp theory and paradim what we do what we evaulate treat and why.
kielhofner circle diagram diff types of knowledge: top (3rd) layer
knowledge- knowledge as OT drive from other sciences contribute to CPM may derive from psych but use it to understand our specialty better.
Theory: What is a Theory
"Describes, explains, and predicts behavior and/or relationship between concepts or event"
"Provide an explanation of some problem or circumstance as well as a rationale for what can be done to change it"
"An organized body of concepts and principles intended to explain a particular phenomenon"
what is the main purpose of theory
explain phenomena, occurences, circumstances, relationships between different circumstance. Mary reilly plays a role in this importance of occupation and health. Helps us understand what we observe. Provides an explaination whats the rationale
Elements of Theory
Identification of variables, constructs, concepts related to phenomenon of interest
How are these factors related to each other
Why should colleagues find this phenomenon important?
4.) Who, Where, When?
These factors provide boundaries for generalizability
elements of theory provide
Need active and intentional thinking. Establish those relationships. Support with findings
What are you looking at for a good relationship between concepts
How? What is the relationship being investigated what are the visual ques and the result on OT performance
Why? Whys it important why should others know this
Who, where, when? Help provide boundaries, why relevant to others,
Theory Factors for Consideration
-It makes a significant contribution to current thinking
It changes current practice
-It is logical and supported by compelling evidence
-It is thorough, well written , and developed over time allowing for integration of feedback
-It is relevant and will advance current ideas
Theory Factors for Consideration overview
Whats the diff between what u present and what already been presented.
Change txt or how to address a problem area, will it improve outcomes/ make a difference
Has it been repeated multiple times, a lot of evidence to supoprt it
Thorough well written, take a lot of time, feedback research, adds additional questions
Why know why is it important now and what potential questions will it create
Theory Development Process 3 steps
1) ask a question
2) form a hypothesis
3) test the hypothesis
4) hypothesis leads to theory of development
5) test the theory: experimental research design (2 groups: experimental and control)
6) research studies lead to theory development
Often existing theories are modified through research studies
paradigm of occupation (1900-1940)
roots of occupation
(1950s to 1970s)
Middle crisis criticism from specialist want to know why it is so important
New Paradigm: Contemporary Paradigm
3 became more science driven to get more respect shift more towards the medical model, we provide evidence for the methods we use, based off of scientific evidence
Shifted a little from occupation some in clinics (may have seen more of stacking of cones) now it is meaningful again!
Mary rielly drove us back to our core roots to occupation
Mary Reilly: call to return to roots of profession; occupation
Incorporation of elements from previous paradigms
Use of occupation based practice with clients
Interaction of person, environment, and occupation factors-occupational performance
Value: client centered practice, meaningful client participation, and importance of therapeutic relationship
overview of the contemporary paradigm
More of a holistic apporach. Guided by clients interests
Back to occupation. Taken things from paradigm. Occupation therapuetic tool recognized in crisis that there needs to be evidence based practice justify what we do.
Know we are at the contemporary paradigm. Has shifted more towards holistic client centered practice collab effort with therapists and client. Evidence but changed toolbox to go back to roots.
Not called patients anymore referred to more as clients role as an active participant in the therapy process. Values, beliefs, choices
The Contemporary Paradigm: Focal Viewpoint
person factors, occupation, environment
Sensorimotor, cognitive, emotional capacities , and impairments
Physical, social, economic, political, and temporal contexts
The nature/goals of the task or activity being performed
Components of conceptual practice model include:
Theory (why things are occuring)
Practice Resources (additional insight)
Research and evidence base (test theory, provides u w/ confidence why u are doing what u are doing)
Guide OT process: How OT services are delivered
Conceptual Practice Model
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Conceptual Practice Models: OTH 303
Model of Human Occupation
Motor Control Mode
Sensory Integration Model
Intentional Relationship Model
Functional Group Model
Theories/Models of Practice
Shapes the evaluation, intervention, and outcome phases of the OT process-what is the reasoning behind the OT process
Can help the OT understand data and formulate hypothesis about a client's occupational performance issues
Can guide the OT in selecting appropriate assessments
Can help create collaborative goals based on theory constructs and not opinion
Can help develop intervention plans supported by best practice and evidence
Evidence Based Practitioner
Consultation with respected, clinical experts
Evidence Based Practitioner overview
Process as OT/clinicians to research qual&quant research
So important to us as a profession because you can look at all kinds of research to make you more comprehensive, how is this applicable to what u do w/ clients
Experiences as Ots to know what works knowledge gained thru implementation
It provides our services, why we do it, confidence in what u are doing, can justify what u are doing w/o it, find out what may work for one person might no work for another and change ti
Understanding Conceptual Practice Models
-Identify the main concepts of each model of practice and application to the OT process
-Compare and contrast models of practice-utilized with clinical decision making
-Make connections to other coursework (OTH 200, OTH 365)
Application to OT Practice
Guide or framework for decision making throughout the OT process (evaluation, intervention: planning, implementation, and review, and targeted outcome)
Application to OT Practice: as a student
-You will use and apply models of practice learned in OTH 303 in your other OT coursework
-You will learn about additional models of practice in practice based coursework
-On fieldwork-you will discuss guiding theoretical principles utilized for practice decisions.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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