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The Search for Spices

Prince Henry the Navigator

This was the Portuguese Prince that gave steadfast financial and moral support to the navigators

Vasco da Gama

the first European (Portuguese) to reach India by sea sailing around the tip of Africa.

Christopher Columbus

Italian explorer who sailed to the Caribbean trying to find a western route to Asia

Treaty of Tordesillas

The 1494 treaty in which Spain and Portugal agreed to divide the lands of the Western Hemisphere between them

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Crossed the country of Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean.

Ferdinand Magellan

Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.


A person who makes maps


An instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars


A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic.


To sail completely around the world

Magnetic Compass

device that shows which direction is north

Amerigo Vespucci

The Italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of america as a new world. America is named after him.

John Cabot

Italian sailor who sailed for the English and is believed to have landed in Newfoundland, Canada

Henry Hudson

Explored the Hudson River and New York Harbor

Jacques Cartier

French sailor who sailed up the St. Lawrence River to present-day Montreal, Canada

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