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LEBO Myers Psychology for AP-Unit 9
Terms in this set (28)
Accommodation in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality
Adolescence the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
Assimilation the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
Attachment The strong bond (social-emotional) a child forms with his or her primary caregiver.
Concrete Operational Stage the third of Piaget's stages, when a child understands conversation but still is incapable of abstract thought
Conservation the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
Continuity View the perspective that development is gradual and continuous
Developmental Psychology a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
Egocentrism In Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view.
Embryo stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
Fetus the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth
Formal Operational Stage in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts
Imprinting evidence of critical period in some animals; they follow the first moving thing they see after hatching
Maturation the internally programmed growth of a child
Object Permanence the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived
Preoperational Stage the second stage in Piaget's theory, marked by well-developed mental representation and the use of language
Primary Sex Characteristics the body structures (ovaries, testes, and external genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible
Puberty the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing
Secondary Sex Characteristics Physical features that are associated with gender but that are not directly involved in reproduction.
Temperament individuals characteritc manner of behavior or reaction assumed to have a strong genetic basis
Teratogens agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
Theory of Mind an awareness that other people's behavior may be influenced by beliefs, desires, and emotions that differ from one's own
Zygote a fertilized egg
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
a medical condition in which body deformation or facial development or mental ability of a fetus is impaired because the mother drank alcohol while pregnant
a general accommodation to unchanging environmental conditions
the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information.
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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