15 terms

APUSH Ch 9 (The Transformation of American Society 1815-1840)

Samuel Slater
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts
Robert Fulton
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
Robert R. Livingston
along with James Monroe, negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area; signed a treaty on April 30, 1803 ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million
The National Road
first highway built entirely w/ federal funds, begun in 1811 and which started in Cumberland, MD.
Boston Manufacturing Company
Changed everything, entire textile mill in one place, cotton went in and fabric came out
Erie Canal
A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. The canal, considered a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North and allowed northern manufacturers to ship finished goods to sell in the West.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Indian Removal Act
Passed in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. The treaties enacted under this act's provisions paved the way for the reluctant—and often forcible—emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
(1831) Marshall ruled that the Cherokee had "an unquestionable right" to their lands, but they were "not a foreign state, in the sense of the Constitution" but rather a "domestic, dependent nation" and so could not sue in a United States court over Georgia's voiding their right to self-rule. Was a blow to the Cherokee case, it cast doubt on the constitutionality of Indian Removal Act.
Alexis de Tocqueville
Came from France to America in 1831. He observed democracy in government and society. His book (written in two parts in 1835 and 1840) discusses the advantages of democracy and consequences of the majority's unlimited power. First to raise topics of American practicality over theory, the industrial aristocracy, and the conflict between the masses and individuals.
Worcester v. Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
Lowell Mills
textile mill located in a factory town in Massachusetts that employed farm girls who lived in company-owned boardinghouses
Treaty of Echota
Signed by only 500 Cherokee Indians who were bribed saying that all 17,000 Cherokee's must leave within 2 years to go to land in Louisiana Territory. IF not they would be forced to leave by the United States Army on the Trail of Tears.
The Trail of Tears
The forced movement of Cherokee Indians in 1838 to the land west of Mississippi River forced by the U.S. Army. it lasted 116 days and was 1,000 miles long, many Indians died