Create an account
caused by lack of ADH; individuals secrete large amounts of diluted urine (polyuria) b/c of loss of facultative water reabsorption
stimulates contraction of smooth muscle in uterus at time of parturition. also stimulates ejection of milk from lactating mammilary gland of nursing mother by suckling reflex.
releasing hormones are produced in the _______, then secreted into the hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal
aka growth hormone; stimulates liver secretions of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1); maintains amino acid uptake into cells and protein synthesis in all cells; decreases glucose utilization with in cells as a source of energy metab.; stimulates glycogenolysis; stimulates lipolysis
stimulates production of eggs in ovary, stimulates secretion of estrogens by ovarian follicle; involved in sperm production in the testis
aids in maturation of ovarian follicle, induces ovulation, stimulates production of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogens and progesterone from corpus luteum
aka Interstitial cell stimulating hormone; causes interstitial (Leydig) cells to secrete testosterone from testis.
stimulates growth and maintenance of adrenal cortex cells; stimulates production and secretions of hormones from adrenal cortex gland (adrenocorticosteroid hormones)
thyrotrophic hormone/thyroid stimulating hormone
maintains normal function of the thyroid gland; stimulates production and secretion of 2/3 of thyroid hormones (T3 & T4)
TRH from hypothal --> enters HHP --> TRH to anterior pituitary --> TRH stimulates APT to release TSH--> TSH circulates in blood -->reaches thyroid gland --> stimulates secretion of T3-T4
control of T3-T4 secretion
increases rate of CHO metabolism in ALL BODY CELLS except in brain, spleen, and testis; maintain body temp through CHO metab.; stimulate protein synthesis,
idiopathic Non-toxic goiter (myxedema)
lack of T3-T4 secretion: adults, low metabolic rate, low body temp, bradycardia, lethargic, edematous tissue (face) (form of hypothyroidism)
thyroid gland does not develop normally, so a lack of T3-T4 secretion at birth (fetus and infants)
physical development impaired (dwarfism)
neurological development impaired (mental retardation)
exopthalmic goiter (graves disease)
autoimmune disease, thyroid stimulating iminuloglobaline (TSI) is present and shouldn't be. (overstimulates thyroid gland and secretes too much T3-T4)
increases calcium levels in blood (if calcium levels below normal) opposite of calcitonin
preganglionic nerve fibers of sympathetic nervous system
adrenal medulla secretions under control by _________.
increases heart rate and force of contraction, constricts arterioles in visceral organs and skin; dilates arterioles of heart, skeletal muscles, and liver; relaxes visceral smooth muscle of respiratory, digestive, and excretory systems, and increases rate of metabolism (glycogenolysis)
stimulates gluconeogenesis between meals; stimulates breakdown of fat to form FAs and glycerol; stimulates anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic reactions
decreasing permeability of blood capillaries
cortisol stimulates anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic reactions by:
prevents the formation of fat by breaking it down into FAs and glycerols, which can be synthesized into glucose in the liver
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together