Upgrade to remove ads
Disorders & Diseases of the Skin - Ch. 11 Milady's Esthetics
Terms in this set (142)
Branch of medical science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders and diseases.
Physician who treats the disorders and diseases of the skin.
Structural changes in the tissues caused by damage or injury, e.g. mark, wound or abnormality.
Lesions in the early stages of development or change. Characterized by flat, nonpalpable changes in skin color or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity such as vesicles or pustules.
Macule, Papule, Wheal, Nodules, Tumor, Tubercle, Vesicle, Bulla, Pustule, Cyst
Acronym for primary lesions:
Miss Patty Will Now Take Two Vacations By Pink Cadillac
List of primary lesions
Large blister containing watery fluid, similar to a vesicle but larger.
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection or other matter above or below the skin.
Flat spot or discoloration on the skin such as a freckle or a red spot left after a pimple has healed. They are neither raised nor sunken.
Referred to as tumors, but are smaller bumps caused by conditions such as a scar tissue, fatty deposits or infection.
Pimple; Small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may develop into a pustule. Less than 1/2" diameter, may vary in color, are either rounded, smooth or rough.
Raised, inflamed papule with white or yellow center containing pus in the top of the lesion referred to as the head of the pimple; small pus-containing blister that may or may not be caused by infection.
Fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria and other debris.
Abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule.
Large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication, varying in size, shape and color.
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid. Produced by poison ivy and poison oak.
Itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reaction or stings, e.g. hives and mosquito bites.
Lesions that develop in the later stages of disease and change the structure of tissues and organs.
Scale, Crust, Acne excoriee, Excoriation, Fissure, Ulcer, Scar, Keloid, Stain
(Acronym: Santa Claus Always Eats Fish Under Sun Kissed Skies)
List 9 secondary lesions
Dead cells formed over a wound or blemish while it is healing, resulting in an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material, e.g. scab on a sore.
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
Disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration.
Crack in the skin that may penetrate into the dermis. E.g. chapped lips or hands.
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue (collagen). Usually occurs following an injury or surgery to those genetically predisposed.
Excessive shedding of dead skin cells; flaky skin cells; any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, e.g. dandruff, psoriasis
Discolored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed. The tissue hardens to heal the injury.
Thick, elevated scars.
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth; deep erosion or depression in the skin, normally due to infection or cancer.
Furuncle and Carbuncle
Disorders of the sebaceous glands
Chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones and blemishes.
Acne simplex or acne vulgaris
Common type of acne; inflammation results from retained oil secretions, cells and excessive P. acne bacteria.
Dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency; can be due to aging, internal disorder, harsh alkali soaps or cold exposure.
Noninflamed buildup of cells, mass of hardened sebum, skin cells and other debris inside hair follicles.
Blackhead open at the surface and exposed to air.
Referred to as a whitehead, it is formed when the opening of the follicle is blocked with debris and white cells.
A subcutaneous abscess filled with pus; caused by bacteria in glands or hair follicles.
Groups of boils. Large inflammation caused by staphylococci bacterium.
Epidermal cysts; small, firm white papules with no visible opening. Whitish, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin. Common in dry skin types; formed after skin trauma such as chronic UV exposure or laser resurfacing. Need to be lanced or opened to be extracted.
Benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face. An overgrowth of the sebaceous gland, they appear similar to milia; often doughnut-shaped with sebaceous material in the center. Cannot be extracted, only be removed surgically.
Severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands.
Common form of eczema; characterized by inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness. The red, flaky skin often appears in the eyebrows, scalp, hairline, middle of forehead and sides of nose. Can sometimes be treated by cortisone.
Sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum; ranging in size from a pea to an orange. Usually appears on the scalp, neck, and back.
Disorders of the sudoriferous glands
Deficiency in perspiration due to failure of sweat glands; often a result of fever or certain skin diseases. Requires medical treatment.
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually in the armpits or on the feet; caused by bacteria or yeast that break down sweat on skin's surface.
Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics, medication or medical conditions.
AKA: Prickly heat.
Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands; results in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure.
Dermatitis - atopic,contact,seborrheic
Folliculitis & pseudofolliculitis
Inflammations of the skin
Any inflammatory condition of the skin; various forms of lesions e.g. eczema, vesicles, papules.
3 main categories of dermatitis
Chronic excess inflammation from allergies & irritants, causing dry, cracking skin and redness. Need to keep skin hydrated by using humidifiers and lotions. Topical corticosteroids can relieve symptoms.
Inflammatory skin condition caused by allergic reaction from contact with a substance or chemical.
Allergic contact dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis
2 types of contact dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis
Dermatitis caused by exposure and direct skin contact to allergens, e.g. poison ivy.
Irritant contact dermatitis
AKA: Dermatitis venenata
Localized inflammatory reaction caused by exposure to caustic irritants. Prevention includes wearing gloves or using protective skin cream.
Acne-like condition around the mouth; consists of small clusters of papules. May be caused by toothpaste or products used on the face; not contagious; antibiotic treatment.
Inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin; acute or chronic, with dry or moist lesions.
Seborrheic dermatitis, mainly affecting oily areas.
Skin disorder that is a common form of eczema.
Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from a response to injury, infection or medication.
Redness caused by inflammation. All red lesions.
Folliculitis or Folliculitis barbae
AKA: Sycosis barbae or barber's itch
Inflammation of the hair follicles caused by bacterial infection from ingrown hairs, typically due to shaving or other epilation methods.
AKA: Razor bumps
Folliculitis without the infection or pus.
Medical term for persistent itching
Itchy skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white-silver scales; caused by over-proliferation of skin cells that replicate too fast possibly due to immune dysfunction. Located in scalp, elbows, knees, chest and lower back.
Caused by an allergic reaction by the body's histamine production.
Inflammation of the skin characterized by extreme redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, formation of papules and pustules. Chronic congestion primarily on nose and cheeks.
Vascular dilation of blood vessels.
AKA: Couperose skin
Vascular lesion characterized by redness caused by capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger or distended blood vessels.
Vascular lesions that are abnormally dilated and twisted veins occurring anywhere on the body, but generally on the legs.
A nonsurgical injection into the veins for treatment of varicose veins.
This occurs when our immune system mistakes a substance for a toxic one and initiates a major defense against it.
The process of repeated exposure to an allergen causing hypersensitivity.
Abnormal pigmentation caused by various internal or external factors.
A skin pigmentation disorder in which there is an overproduction of pigment due to increased melanin. Caused by sun exposure, acne, medications and skin damage.
Forms of hyperpigmentation
A skin pigmentation abnormality in which there is lack of pigment resulting in light or white splotches.
AKA: Liver spots
Hyperpigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated; caused by sun exposure or other causes.
AKA: Pregnancy mask
A type of chloasma which appears during pregnancy due to hormonal changes.
A flat, pigmented area similar to a freckle; small yellow brown spots due to sunlight exposure. Patches are referred to as large macules.
A malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular or irregular shape. May occur after certain diseases, or after moles, freckles or liver spots disappear.
Increase in pigmentation due to melanin production as a defense against UV radiation that damages the skin. It is visible skin and cell damage.
_______ is designed to help protect the skin from the sun's UV radiation.
AKA: Congenital leukoderma or congenital hypopigmentation
A rare genetic condition characterized by the lack of melanin pigment in the body including skin, hair and eyes.
Loss of pigmentation; light, abnormal patches of depigmented skin; congenital, acquired due to immunological and post-inflammatory causes that destroy pigment-producing cells e.g. vitiligo & albinism.
A pigmentation disease characterized by white irregular patches of skin that are totally lacking pigment. Condition worsened by sunlight.
Albinism and vitiligo
Hypopigmentation disorders under leukoderma.
An abnormal growth (thickening) of the skin; many are benign or harmless.
Hypertrophies of the skin
Pink or flesh-colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough that are a result of sun damage and should be referred to a dermatologist.
Thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinocytes.
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis e.g. a callus which is caused by pressure or friction. If the thickening also grows inward it becomes a corn.
An abnormally thick buildup of skin cells.
Redness and bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms accompanied by milia; caused by blocked follicles. Exfoliation can help unblock follicles and alleviate rough feeling.
Pigmented nevus; a brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black. Some are flat, resembling freckles, other are raised & darker. Hair in moles should not be removed.
Small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps. Common under arms or on neck from friction of the skin.
Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis caused by a virus. It is infectious and contagious and can spread.
AKA: Infectious or communicable disease
Inflammation of the mucous membrane, conjunctiva, around the eye due to bacterial, viral or chemical causes; very contagious; treated with antibiotics.
Herpes simplex virus 1
AKA: Fever blisters, cold sores
Recurring, contagious viral infection consisting of a vesicle or group of vesicles on a red, swollen base. The blisters usually appear on the lips or nostrils.
Herpes simplex virus 2
AKA: Genital herpes
Strain of virus that infects the genitals. Is contagious and can spread. Peels, waxing or other stimuli may cause a breakout.
Painful skin condition from the reactivation of the chickenpox virus; characterized by groups of blisters that form a rash in a ring or line.
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
Chickenpox and shingles virus
A contagious skin infection caused by staphylococcal or streptococcal bacteria characterized by clusters of small blisters or crusty lesions and often occurring in children.
Highly contagious; forms a ringed red pattern with elevated edges.
Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis caused by a virus. Wear gloves and avoid contact.
AKA: Pityriasis versicolor
Noncontagious fungal infection that inhibits melanin production. Causes by yeast; characterized by light patches on the skin. Can be treated with anti fungal cream. Selenium sulfide shampoos can also treat the condition.
Cumulative UV sun exposure
Skin cancer risk increases with ______________.
Basal cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Three distinct forms of skin cancer varying in severity
________ are recommended to check for cancerous lesions.
There is no safe way to tan.
Tanning beds are safer than tanning in the sun.
Basal cell carcinoma
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; appears as light pearly nodules; characteristics include sores, reddish patches or a smooth growth with an elevated border.
Squamous cell carcinoma
More serious condition than basal cell carcinoma. Characterized by red or pink scaly papules or nodules. Can grow and spread to other areas.
Most serious form of skin cancer. Appears as black at dark patches, uneven in texture, jagged or raised. It is deadly as it can metastasize throughout the body and to internal organs.
Infrequent, intense UV exposure may cause a higher risk for melanoma than chronic continuous exposure.
Infrequent intense UV exposure poses less risk for melanoma than continuous exposure.
ABCDE Cancer Checklist
Skin disorder of the sebaceous glands, characterized by comedones and blemishes. Is hereditary.
Causes of acne
Causes of clogged follicles.
Buildup of dead skin cells due to hereditary factor; cells do not shed from the follicles as they do for normal skin.
Opening of skin follicle
Similar to open comedones, these are mainly solidified impactions of oil without the cell matter. Often found on the nose and cause acne breakouts.
_____ can irritate follicles and cause inflammation.
Acne caused by infected nodules in the dermis and can be treated only by a physician.
Male hormones which stimulate sebaceous glands and are the cause of teen acne.
Cosmetics and skin care products
Climate & sun
Adult acne is more common in _____ (males/females?)
Hormonal acne is often seen on the ____ .
The ________ responds to stress and secretes _______ which helps us to cope with stressful events.
Fatty ingredients and oils irritate and clog follicles, causing cell buildup resulting in comedones.
Products cause acne inflammation.
Oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions, since they are a lighter formula than water-in-oil emulsions.
What kind of moisturizers and sunscreens are good for acne skin?
Excessive iodides in salt, MSG, kelp, cheese, processed & packaged food and vitamins containing minerals obtained from ocean
What kind of foods trigger acne?
Grade IV Acne
AKA: Cystic acne
Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules and inflammation are present. Scar formation from tissue damage is common.
A topical peeling agent similar to retinoic acid used for acne.
A topical acidic agent that flushes out follicles for acne skin.
Topical antibiotic; kills bacteria.
An oral medication similar retinoic acid; used for severe acne.
A topical vitamin A acid. A strong peeling agent that is drying and also flushes out follicles.
Causes redness & irritation
Side effects of Tretinoin
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
MILADY ESTHETICS CH 11 DISORDERS AND DISEASES OF T…
Milady Esthetics Ch 11 Skin Disorders
Physiology & Histology of the Skin - Ch. 10 Milady…
Milady, chapter 10 Esthetics
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Milady Chapter 8 Vocab Skin Disorders and Diseases
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 11 Disorders & Diseases
Milady Chapter 8 Vocab
Disorders & Diseases of the Skin
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
State Board Esthetician Test
General Anatomy & Physiology - Ch. 6 Milady's Esth…
Skin Care Products - Ch. 13 Milady's Esthetician
Skin Analysis - Ch. 12 Milady's Esthetics
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
SPC 3210 Expectancy Violations Theory
Bio 255 Exam 4 study sets
Kemp Bio exam 3