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New Testament Mid-Term
Terms in this set (80)
Know the name of the "solemn relational commitment" which God made with Abraham
Know the promise that God made to King David
One of David's descendants would reign over an everlasting kingdom.
Know the name of the king who allowed the Jews to return from exile (536 BC) and rebuild the temple
The Persian king, Cyrus the Great
Know the definition of "canon"
authoritative collection of written teachings
Know the 4 realities that undergird the idea of a NT canon
The existing Jewish community and the OT ("canonical-consciousness")
The story of the OT and its prophecies
The person and work (and attitude and claims) of Jesus Christ
The apostles of Jesus Christ
Know what caused the growing need to define clearly the NT canon
Know the 6 criteria for NT canonicity
Inspiration: recognition (rather than designation) of unique divine origin
Apostolicity (the canon is closed)
Antiquity (necessary subset of Apostolicity)
Rule of Faith/Orthodoxy (content)
Catholicity: widespread use
Traditional: continuous use (#5/6 = church recognition)
Know the 3 different ways that God has revealed himself
o Nature Revelation
o Event Revelation
o Text Revelation
Know the 3 different contexts that must be considered when studying the NT
Know why we should read the NT with sensitivity to literary forms
Authors communicate their meaning by choosing a literary form (genre) through which to communicate.
Know the 2 forms of observation involved in doing inductive Bible study
Macroscopic and Microscopic Observation
Know what should be the focus of our NT study
Know what practice produces delight and transformation when reading Scripture
Reading gives exposure to Scripture, meditation produces delight and transformation
Know the definition of "application" as relates to reading the Bible
Application is the thoughtful appropriation of biblical truth to our lives
Know the names of the 3 people groups who ruled over the Jewish people after their return from exile until the time of Christ
Persians, Greeks, and Romans
Know the names of the two dynasties into which Alexander the Great's kingdom in the Middle East was divided
Ptolemaic Dynasty and Seleucid Dynasty
Know the name of the family that formed the Jewish, Hasmonean Dynasty
Know the name of the king who ruled under Roman rule who embarked on an ambitious building campaign
Herod the Great (37-4 BC)
Know what year the Jerusalem temple was destroyed
Know the legacy and impact of Alexander the Great in the Middle East
His lands were Hellenized, i.e. reflected Greek culture.
Theaters, gymnasiums, schools, governments, and a universal currency was established.
Greek become the language that united the cultures of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean.
Know the names of the 5 topographical zones of the covenant land of Israel
o Coastal Plain
o Coastal Hills
o Central Mountains
o Jezreel Valley separates Galilee from the central mountains
o Jordan Valley
o Eastern Plateau
Religious men who guarded the Jews against Hellenization, but degenerated into rigid legalism over tithing and ritual washing.
Aristocratic, worldly-minded priests from the leading families of the nation. They welcomed Hellenistic culture, profited from the temple/industrial complex, and denied the resurrection of the dead.
Separatist group in the wilderness responsible for the Dead Sea scrolls.
Militant revolutionaries committed to violent overthrow of Roman rule.
Copyists of the Law, they became experts often called Lawyers. Their knowledge of the Law was influential in culture and politics.
Jews who had intermarried with Gentiles, established a rival temple, and revised theirs Scriptures. Seen as traitors and enemies by traditional Jews.
Supporters of the ruling Herods, probably political patrons.
A seventy-member aristocratic body led by the high priest which ruled in religious and civil matters from Jerusalem until the city fell in 70 AD.
Gathering places dedicated to worship, prayer, and the teaching of Torah which began during the exile.
A student, learner, or pupil committed to following a rabbi. This designation was adopted by the gospel writers for the followers of Jesus.
Know the date range for the publishing of the Gospel of Matthew
Know the prologue/beginning section of Matthew (and how it compares to the other 3 gospels)
Angelic announcement of virginal conception (1:18-25)
Visit of Magi (2:1-12)
Fulfilled OT prophecies: Egypt, innocents, Nazareth (2:13-23)
Know the alternating structure of Matthew (what elements are repeatedly paired together)
Narrative and discourse or action and teaching
Know what the "fulfillment formula" of Matthew signifies
Fulfillment Formula: "this was to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord..."
Know the 3 OT types mentioned by Dr. Wind that Jesus fulfilled
Jesus as the New David
Jesus as the New Moses
Jesus as the New Israel
Know what appears in Matthew as a symbolic set of 7 in order to designate that Jesus is the new lawgiver
The Mountain of Temptation (4:8-10)
The Mountain of Teaching on God's Kingdom (5-7)
The Mountain of Prayer (14:23)
The Mountain of Ministry (15:29-38)
The Mountain of Transfiguration (17:1-8)
The Mountain of Private Instruction Regarding the End (24-25)
The Mountain of Commission (28:16-20)
Know the phrase provided by Dr. Wind that describes Jesus' temporary limitation of his ministry only to "the lost sheep of Israel"
Know the key word only used in Matthew and not in the other gospels
Know the role of Jesus presented as pre-eminent in Matthew
Know and be able to write out the 6 things which Jesus demonstrates authority over in Matthew
People (4:20, 22)
Illness and Disease
Natural World (8:23-27)
Know the date range for the publishing of the Gospel of Mark
Know the prologue/beginning section of Mark (and how it compares to the other 3 gospels)
The beginning of the Gospel (1:1)
John the Baptist preaching (1:2-8)
Jesus' baptism (1:9-11)
Jesus' temptation in the wilderness (1:12-13)
Jesus begins to proclaim the Gospel of the Kingdom (1:14-15)
Know the two-part, geographical structure of Mark
Narrative and discourse or action and teaching
Know and be able to write out what is meant by the phrase "the suffering God"
Jesus is the "Suffering God" whose real identity can only be grasped in light of the cross
Know what Mark's regularly use of the word "immediately" signifies about the gospel he wrote
More action, less teaching
Know and be able to write out the 3 ways Jesus is shown to serve in Mark
Jesus serves through preaching-teaching
Jesus serves (frees from and provides for) people through miracles
Jesus serves through giving his life as a substitutionary atonement for sinners
Know what real discipleship in the Gospel of Mark involves
Way of the Cross: servanthood, humility, self-denial, suffering (& even death)
Know what is closely related to healing/salvation in Mark
Know why Jesus in Mark is regularly trying to keep his true identity hidden
To accomplish his greater, though counter-intuitive mission
Know the date range for the publishing of the Gospel of Luke
AD 62 (60-70)
Know the prologue/beginning section of Luke (and how it compares to the other 3 gospels)
Prologue: Preliminaries to Jesus Ministry (1:1-4)
The Infancy Narrative (1:5-2:52)
Birth of John foretold (1:5-25)
Birth of Jesus foretold (1:26-38)
Mary visits Elizabeth (1:39-56)
Birth of John (1:57-80)
Birth & Youth of Jesus (2:1-52)
Know how many times in Luke Jesus declares that he must journey to Jerusalem
Know what Luke's introduction indicates
indicating a careful historian
Know what it means that Luke is known as the theologian of Heilsgeschichte
the linkage of salvation with historical events
Know the significance of Luke tracing Jesus' genealogy back to Adam
Salvation as Universally Available
Know and be able to write out 5 of the 8 groups of lowly people for whom Jesus displays compassion and salvation in Luke
The poor, shepherds, tax collectors, lepers, sinners, women, Samaritans & Gentiles
Know what Luke connects worldly wealth to
Worldly Wealth Connected to Spiritual Responsiveness
Know the 2 points made by Dr. Wind about Jesus' interest in women in Luke
Women are shown to have a prominent place in Jesus' life & ministry (Elizabeth, Mary, Anna, women who supported Jesus [8:1-3], numerous episodes involving women)
Jesus' attitude toward women (dignity & respect) virtually unknown among the Jewish rabbis
Know what occurs at every major point in Jesus' life in Luke
Know the date range for the publishing of the Gospel of John
Know the prologue/beginning section of John (and how it compares to the other 3 gospels)
Prologue: The True Light coming into the World (John 1:1-51)
The Glory of the Word made Flesh (1:1-18)
The Testimony of John to the Word (1:19-37)
Come and See (1:38-51)
Know the major, two-part structure of the Gospel of John
Narrative and discourse or action and teaching
Know how many signs John selects to portray in order to accomplish his purpose
Know what is presented more explicitly in John than in the other Gospels
Jesus' divine nature
Know the 7 I AM statements of Jesus in John and be able to write out 4 of them
I am the bread of life (6:35, 51)
I am the light of the world (8:12; 9:5)
I am the gate for the sheep (10:7, 9)
I am the good shepherd (10:11)
I am the resurrection and the life (11:25)
I am the way, the truth, and the life (14:6)
I am the true vine (15:1, 5)
Know what John has a greater lean toward than the other 3 gospels in matters of eschatology
Know what concept from the other 3 gospels John replaces with the concept of "eternal life"
"Kingdom of God"
Know the definition given for the "signs" in John
Know the fundamental reason why people misunderstand literally some of the spiritual statements Jesus makes in the Gospel of John
Divine revelation is inaccessible to the world. The Spirit must give understanding.
Know what John means by his use of "world" and know some of the different points he makes about the "world"
John often uses the term to refer to "humanity"
The world, in darkness and under Satan's dominion (12:31), is hostile to Christ (the Light) and his disciples
Jesus loves the world and dies to take away their sins and them
Know what has its clearest articulation in John
Know and be able to write out the role of the Holy Spirit in relation to the disciples in the Gospel of John
Must be born of the Spirit
The Spirit gives life and will guide into all truth
The Spirit is a helper who continues Jesus' work
Know why the discipline of textual criticism exists
This discipline exists because we recognize the importance of the biblical text, but do not have direct access to the original autographs of Scripture
Know what papyrus is
a paper-like material made from reeds
Know the name of the Greek writing with all capital letters and no spaces
Know the two physical forms in which the writings of the NT were first written
rolled into a scroll or folded into a Codex (like a modern book)
Know what replaced the use of papyrus in the 4th century
Animal skins - vellum (high quality calf and sheep skin) and parchment (ordinary animal skin) replaced papyrus.
Know the names of the 4 main families of manuscripts and be able to write out 2
Western, Alexandrian, Caesarean, and Byzantine
Know the 3 main sources for constructing our modern Greek New Testament
Early Translations from Greek to Latin or Syriac
Quotations in the writings of early church fathers and lectionaries (a book used in public worship containing many scripture passages).
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