A fire occurred at the Bates Motel. The fire was started by a cigarette that was negligently discarded my Martinez, a visitor at the motel. Wescott, a guest at the Bates Motel, was injured in the fire. The bates Motel was not negligent. Under these facts, is Norman Bates, the owner and operator of Bates Motel, liable for Wescott's injuries?