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60 terms

Philosophy Exam 2

Exam 2
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According to Aristotle's Physics the term "Motion" is discussed. What is not definition
Reason
According to Aristotle what is not a source of movement
The Plant Soul
According to Aristotle's Categories what is not listed as an Aristotelian Category
Of color
According to Aristotle what is the "potential" for existence of "finite things
The material substratum
According to Aristotle's On the Soul "that in the soul which is called thought is - before it thinks" what
Not actually any real thing
According to Aristotle what is the "actuality" at which all individuals (i. humans) orient themselves
The unmoved mover
According to Aristotle's On the Soul what happens to "thought" after it attains "knowledge
It can think of itself
According to Aristotle's Posterior Analytics the "Syllogism" is the basis of all scientific knowledg What is not true
It is composed of Premises and Conclusion based on Opinion
According to Aristotle what term means to "quest for the next higher or ultimate existence
Epistrophe
According to Aristotle what is not a "terrestrial element
Aether
According to Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics how do we attain "moral virtue
Aim at the median in the emotions and in actions
In Epictetus' Encheiridion we see arguments on how men should comport themselves. What would be a statement made by a "True Stoic
"I am richer than you are; therefore my possessions are better than yours."
According to Epictetus' Encheiridion "Illness is an impediment to the body, but not to [what]
The Will
Epictetus states bodies are a combination of what two "fundamental principles
Logos and Physis
According to Marcus Aurelius the universe is not governed by what
Illogic
What things have "Logos" as their "governing principle" according to Epictetus
Humans
For Epictetus what is the "creative principle
Physis
For both Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius what is not the "goal of life
Monetary Wealth
Although man's acts are necessitated how does Marcus Aurelius state individuals become "free
Acting Rationally
According to Epictetus' Encheiridion "what is proper for us to do is for the most part defined by... [what]
Social relationships
According to Marcus Aurelius what should the "rational individual" not fear
Death
In Epictetus' Encheiridion what within the world is "intrinsically evil
Nothing
What does Plotinus state is not "left behind" at salvation
The One/Divine
According to Saint Augustine's "What We Are To Believe" what group in specific does he speak against
Philosophers
According to Aquinas God is not only the "first cause" of all motion He is also the "concurrent caus " What does this mean
God is Omniscient, Omnipotent & Omnipresent
According to Augustine what is the main way acceptable toward "salvation
The church
According to Plotinus what is the "most important and real
Soul
Augustine in Confessions (Book XI) - Time and Eternity states "but how can a future which does not yet exist dwindle or be used up, and how can a past which no longer exists grow
The mind expects, attends, and remembers
According to Plotinus within his Enneads he speaks of the qualities of a "virtuous soul." What is not a way in which one can "see and know its loveliness
Cling to all that is worldly
Augustine in The City of God (Book XII) states "what makes the 'will' evil
A desertion from God
According to Aquinas what is the "potential" for existence of "finite things
The material substratum
According to Plotinus' The Enneads he speaks of "souls" and "The Beauty" what is most important
The Beauty
In Summa Theologica Aquinas speaks of God and the "effects of laws." How do "laws" work on the mind of men
Compels through fear of punishment
According to Aquinas what is not representative of the existence of God
Self-evident to reason
Within Saint Augustine's "What We Are To Believe" what is the main thrust of the excerpt
Faith is of utmost importance
According to Aquinas what comprises the "substance" of finite things
Form and Matter
According to Augustine's The City of God (Book XII) - Chapter II "since God is supreme being- that is - since He supremely is and therefore is immutable it follows that He gave 'being' to all that He created [how]; not however [what]
From nothing; absolute being
According to Aquinas where do "ideas" exist
In Things
What is not a portion of the metaphysical "Augustinian schema
Reason
For Epicurus of what does the "good and virtuous life consist
Pursuit of Pleasure: Avoidance of Pain
In Epicurus' Principal Doctrines what is not stated about "pleasure
The means which produce pleasures is never Bad
In Mill's Utilitarianism, he speaks of the "Greatest Happiness Principl " What is not representative of this doctrine
Unhappiness is sometimes equivalent the Pleasure
In Epicurus' Principal Doctrines, "[What]... [as it] arise[s] from nature is a pledge of mutual advantage to restrain men from harming one another and save them from being harmed
Justice
According to J.S. Mill's Utilitarianism "The Creed [GHP] which accepts as the foundations of [what]... holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness
Morals
Epicurus states the universe is made of what
Matter and Void
In Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus, which of the following is not a description of the "Principles of the Good Life
The Gods contain the same Virtues as men
Given the existence of "Evil," Mill states God is what
Limited
In Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus what is not a description of the "wise man
Seeks to escape Life
In Mill's Utilitarianism what concept is most important
Wrongful interference of each other's Freedom
In Epicurus' Principal Doctrines man could not attain "pleasures unalloyed ( g. pure pleasures) without the knowledge of what
Philosophy
For Mill what is "intrinsically good
Pleasure
In Mill's Utilitarianism what is not used to determine "the value of pleasures
Faith
What are Epicurus' criteria for knowledge
Clear View and Non-Contradiction
In Mill's Utiliatrianism, what is not representative of the "end of human action
Self-Sacrifice
For Epicurus where is "true pleasure" to be found
Imperturbability
According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) "when you have settled [what] point in a system of philosophy you have settled everything
The Chief Good
According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) he states "no wonder the scientific training of the memory is based upon [what]
Locality
According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) he states (via the character Piso) "I almost think [he] deserves to be called the prince of philosophers." Who is to be called the "prince
Aristotle
According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) why is it stated "that pain was not an evil
It is not morally bad
According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) what "outweighs all else
Virtue