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Chapter 5 Exam
Intro to Psychology
Terms in this set (50)
Whose behavior is consistent with someone who is striving for self-actualization?
Victor, who. after a successful career as an engineer, travels to impoverished areas to help develop safe drinking water supplies.
The period in which females tend to be most receptive to male attempts to mate is know as ____
According to you textbook, the best way to lose weight is to
Lose it slowly
Shelly has been on a self-inflicted starvation diet for eight months and, as a result, weighs only 82 pounds. However, she still believes that she can stand to lose a couple more pounds. It is likely that Shelly is suffering from ______
Research on the facial feedback hypothesis has shown that _____
Smiles change blood flow to the brain and decreases brain temperature.
The body's downward adjustment of metabolic rate during times of famine is explained by which of the following theories?
Set point theory
The theory of emotions that states that an emotion is equal to the pattern of physiological arousal that the person experiences during the emotion is the ____ theory.
People who have had their stomachs removed _____
Still become hungry
In both men and women, sexual desire is influenced by _______
If you are hungry, your body's awareness of that motivation was made possible through a(n) _____ loop.
Cross-cultural research on facial expressions has shown that ______
Just as slightly different dialects occur within the same language, so slightly different facial expressions occur for the same emotions across different cultures.
The main difference between James's peripheral theory and Cannon's central theory of emotion is that
the Cannon-Bard theory says that the brain directly creates the experience of emotion.
You are giving a presentation to your sales department about Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, when someone asks you if there is much scientific support for this theory. What is the best response to this question?
Maybe; there is limited scientific support for this theory.
Dr. Fischer is an emotions theorist who agrees with most psychologists about which emotions constitute the "basic" emotions. Which of the following is not one of the emotions that would appear on this list?
The fact that homeostasis regulates hunger has led psychologists to conclude that the ____.
body naturally attempts to maintain a set point of weight
While watching "Survivor" on television, you realize that the participants cannot worry about creating alliances or making worthy contributions until they have first secured a source of food and shelter. This phenomenon is explained best by __________ theory of motivation.
Hierarchy of Needs
Contrary to Maslow's beliefs about motivation, ____.
people often seek to fulfill "higher" needs while depriving themselves of "lower" needs
Research on the role of estrogen on women's sexual desire shows that as estrogen levels drop, women ____.
may or may not have a loss of sexual desire
You are on vacation in a rural area where the people do not speak your language. Which facial expression of emotion will they be most likely to understand?
a smile of happiness
Juan is a CEO of Hoola-Hoops, Inc. He sees his employees as lazy, untrustworthy creatures with no interest in their work. Thus, he offers a highly structured, heavily supervised work environment. Juan assumes that his employees are primarily motivated by __________ rewards.
Research on mice who were bred to be genetically fat showed that when they were injected with leptin, ____.
they lost weight
Sherman is going to give Luella some flowers. He really wants her to like them. According to the principle of excitation transfer, when would be the best time for Sherman to give her the flowers?
A few minutes after she has finished jogging
Early in the 20th century, most psychologists believed that motivation was explained by ____.
The researcher responsible for examining the expression of emotions in various cultures, including Argentina, Japan, Brazil, and others was ________.
In order to counter some of the hate and prejudice directed at non-heterosexual individuals, as of 2013 ____ states plus the District of Columbia had enacted laws against hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation.
In the year 2999, Bert is alive, but he is only a brain connected to a "life machine." Since Bert has no body, he does not experience physiological responses such as changes in heartbeat, perspiration, or breathing. Yet Bert still experiences the full range of emotions. The theory of emotion that best explains how Bert can experience these emotions is ________ theory.
The visual representation of the relationship between arousal levels and performance quality is called a(n) ________ curve.
The correct successive phases of human sexual responses are ____.
excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution
Approximately what percentage of young women in the United States develops anorexia nervosa?
Grandma got run over by an SUV. Afterward, she could no longer receive signals from her sympathetic nervous system about physiological arousal. Her doctor tells her that she can still experience emotions because emotion occurs solely in the brain. Grandma's doctor supports which theory of emotion?
We can think of motivation as a process that maintains ____.
According to current research, if you were to make and hold the facial expression associated with surprise for several seconds, your body would ____.
begin to produce arousal that would be unique to that emotion
After voluntarily forming his face into a smile for thirty minutes, Graeme actually starts to feel the emotion of happiness. This phenomenon is most consistent with the ________ theory of emotion.
According to self-determination theory, people need to feel ____.
competent, autonomous, and related
The mere exposure effect is the phenomenon of ____.
preferring the things that we have been exposed to with the greatest frequency
Levi drinks three cups of coffee. Then, as he walks to his first job interview, he feels his heart racing. Levi believes this is due to the caffeine in the coffee and stays relatively calm as he begins the interview. Levi's lack of nervousness can be explained best by the ________ theory of emotion.
Self-motivation is also called ____ motivation.
The goal of hunger is ____.
to maintain homeostasis
In the classic study conducted by Schachter and Singer supporting their two-factor model of emotion, participants ____.
who were injected with epinephrine, but who were told it would produce no symptoms, tended to take on the emotion of the person they were around
Which substance tends to be associated with feeling hungry when it is at a high level in our body?
The liver sends signals to the brain to turn hunger on or off depending upon the body's level(s) of ____.
glucose and glycogen
Randi is extremely overweight and her physician suggests that she consider gastric bypass surgery to help get her weight under control. Which of the following should Randi consider before agreeing to such a procedure?
She will need to adhere to a strict diet even after surgery.
Carl works hard to get As on his report card because his mother rewards him with 25 dollars for each A. Carl's behavior is being influenced by ____.
One advantage of Maslow's hierarchy is that it ____.
establishes a priority for taking care of various needs
According to the cognitive-mediational model of emotion, ____ is (are) the most important part of emotion.
Mable considers herself to be bisexual, but has a preference for sexual encounters with women over men. She has had relationships with men that were quite fulfilling, but thinks that her ideal life partner would be another woman. What would the most likely number be on the Kinsey scale to describe Mable's sexual orientation?
Abraham Maslow believed that after satisfying our esteem and cognitive needs, we can begin to work on our ____ needs.
According to set point theory, when people lose weight, ____.
metabolic rate is decreased
Given the fraternal birth order effect, which of the following individuals has the highest likelihood of being homosexual?
Jared, who has four older brothers.
Hunger is described well by drive 5.1 Theories of Motivation because hunger ____.
helps maintain homeostasis in the body
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