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History Unit 2 Test
Terms in this set (34)
The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
had more ethnic diversity than either New England or the Southern Colonies.
Compared with the Plymouth Colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was
larger and more prosperous economically
Before the first English settlements in New England, Indians in the region had been devastated by
diseases contracted from European Fishermen and missionaries.
The most distinctive feature of the Rhode Island Colony was that
it enjoyed the most complete religious freedom of all the English colonies
Massachusetts Bay restricted the vote for elections to the General Court to adult white male members of the Congregational Church.
The Indian tribe that first encountered the Pilgrims colonists in New England were the
King Philip's War represented
the last major Indian effort to halt New Englanders' encroachment on their lands
Rhode Island was the most religiously and politically tolerant of the New England colonies
The middle colonies' broad, fertile river valleys enabled them to develop a richer agricultural economy than that of New England
One reason that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was not a true democracy is that
only church members could vote for the governor and the General Court
Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson were both banished for organizing political rebellions against the Massachusetts Bay authorities
William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania
actively sought settlers from Germany and other non-British countries with skills
William Penn originally planned his Pennsylvania colony to be exclusively a refuge for his fellow Quakers.
The Middle Colonies were characterized by tightly knit, ethnically homogeneous communities that shared a common sense of religious purpose.
The principal motivation shaping the earliest settlements in New England was
religious commitment and devotion
The Native (Wampanoag) people of New England initially befriended the English colonists
Political and economic power in the southern colonies was dominated by
Chesapeake Bay tobacco planters responded to falling prices by cutting back production.
The focus of much of New England's politics, religion, and education was the institution of
African slaves began to replace white indentured servants as the primary labor supply in the plantation colonies in the 1680s.
For most of their early history, the colonies of Maryland and Virginia
contained far more men than women
The "headright"system of land grants to those who brought laborers to America primarily benefited wealthy planters rather than the poor indentured servants.
Because men greatly outnumbered women in the Chesapeake region, a fierce competition arose among men for scarce females.
Those people accused of being witches in Salem were generally
from families associated with Salem's burgeoning market economy
In New England, elementary education
was mandatory for any town with more than fifty families
The primary beneficiaries of the "headright" system were
landowners who paid the transatlantic passage for indentured servants
By the 1700s, the Chesapeake population was growing on the basis of natural increase.
New England expansion was carried out primarily by independent pioneers and land speculators who bought up large plots and then sold them to individual farmers.
Most of the European immigrants who came to Virginia and Maryland in the 1600s were indentured servants.
New England's commercial wealth was based on overseas shipment of the agricultural products of its rich soil.
In contrast to the Chesapeake Bay colonists, those in New England
enjoyed longer lives and more stable families
Life expectancy among the seventeenth-century (the 1700s) settlers of Maryland and Virginia was about sixty years.
The primary cause of Bacon's Rebellion was
the poverty and discontent on many single young men unable to acquire land
Bacon's Rebellion involved an alliance of white indentured servants and Indians who attacked the elite planter class.
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