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16 terms

Chapter 14- Endocrine System

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Pancreas
contains the islets of Langerhans
adrenal cortex
secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and testosterone
thyroid gland
secretes iodine-containing hormones
hypothalamus
secretes releasing hormones
anterior pituitary gland
secretes ACTH, TSH, prolactin, growth hormone, and the gonadotropins
adrenal medulla
part of the fight-or-flight system; secretes catecholamines
posterior pituitary gland
the neurohypophysis; secretes ADH and oxytocin
parathyroid hormone
stimulates osteoclastic activity to increase blood calcium
T3 and T4
regulates metabolic rate
insulin
the only hormone that lowers blood glucose.
prolactin
stimulates the breast to produce milk; also called lactogenic hormone
epinephrine
the hormonal component of the fight-or-flight response
ADH
the neurohypophyseal hormone that controls water balance
ACTH
stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete steroids
growth hormone
also called somatotropic hormone
aldosterone
the mineralocorticoid that is called the salt-retaining hormone