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Chapter 14- Endocrine System
contains the islets of Langerhans
secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and testosterone
secretes iodine-containing hormones
secretes releasing hormones
anterior pituitary gland
secretes ACTH, TSH, prolactin, growth hormone, and the gonadotropins
part of the fight-or-flight system; secretes catecholamines
posterior pituitary gland
the neurohypophysis; secretes ADH and oxytocin
stimulates osteoclastic activity to increase blood calcium
T3 and T4
regulates metabolic rate
the only hormone that lowers blood glucose.
stimulates the breast to produce milk; also called lactogenic hormone
the hormonal component of the fight-or-flight response
the neurohypophyseal hormone that controls water balance
stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete steroids
also called somatotropic hormone
the mineralocorticoid that is called the salt-retaining hormone