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Texas Government test 2
Terms in this set (23)
First, the Democratic Party created white primaries by...
....(1923) The Democratic party, adopts a white primary system by passing legislation in Austin.
What is a white primary?
A law that says only whites could vote in the democratic party primaries.
Guinn v. U.S
The Supreme Court struck down the Grandfather Clauses as unconstitutional because they violated the 15th Amendment.
Persons that could vote prior to 1867, or their descendants, would be exempt from educational, property, or tax requirements.
Nixon v. Herndon:
The Supreme Court strikes down the white primary legislation because it violates the 15th Amendment.
On their second attempt, the Democratic Party created white primaries by...
The Democratic party then passes its own resolution by arguing that it is their right to freedom of association and that they were a private organization. So they could exclude whomever they want to.
Smith v. Allwright:
The Supreme court changed its mind and says that The Democratic Party is not private, and it strikes down White Primaries.
24th Ammendment of the US Constitution was ratified in 1964 and banned the use of poll taxes at federal level.
Did poll taxes negatively impact minority communities?
24th Amendment (US Constitution):
Removed Poll Taxes at Federal level.
Dual Ballot System:
They gave everyone a federal ballot but you had to pay poll taxes to get a state ballot.
Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections:
Removed Poll Taxes at the state level.
Voter Registration (as a barrier to voting):
They would tell the KKK and everyone else exactly who you are.
Literacy Tests (Purpose):
Crazy hard! They were there to stop certain people from voting
Voting Rights Act of 1965 :
- Banned the use of literacy tests
- Removed state voting registrars and set up federal registrars
- States that had a history of discrimination had to submit new voting laws to the federal government
Racial Gerrymandering (Defined):
Drawing districts designed to affect representation of a racial group in a representative body.
Is racial gerrymandering lawful?
It is illegal
Partisan Gerrymandering (Defined):
Drawing district lines to help or hurt a person's or a party's chances of winning an election.
Is partisan gerrymandering lawful?
Yes it is!
The drawing of boundary lines for congressional districts following each census.
Baker v. Carr:
Population in Federal districts has to be equal. ( within + or - 5%)
"One man, One Vote!"
19th Amendment (U.S. Constitution):
Women get the right to vote. Signed into law in 1919!
26th Amendment (US Constitution):
Removed the barrier of age. It lowered the voting age to 18.
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