AP Human Geography Vocabulary- The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography (Chapter 13 & 14 Vocabulary)
Terms in this set (...)
ratio between workers employed in the basic sector and those employed in the nonbasic sector
those products or services of an urban economy that are exported outside the city itself, earning income for the community.
a sector in which workers are responsible for the functioning of the city itself
a sociologist who made the concentric zone model
the heavily populated area extending from Boston to Washington and including New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore.
an area deliniated by the US Bureau of the Census for which statisitcs are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods
central business district
the area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
a city surrounded by suburbs
central place theory
a theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
came up with the Central Place Theory in 1903
a large and densely populated urban area
a city and its surrounding lands that act as a government
where each individual urban center and its merchants have a sales monopoly
concentric zone model
a model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
councils of government
cooperative agencies consisting of representatives from local governments in the region
the very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
cities that are located on the on the outskirts of larger cities and serve many of the same functions of urban areas, but in a sprawling, decetralized suburban environment
the process of exporting goods from a region
feminization of poverty
the trend of women making up an increasing proportion of the poor
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of lower-income people)
city slum areas inhabited by minority groups living there due to social or economic pressures
the process of an area becoming more run down or shanty-like
undeveloped area neighboring an urban area, often protected from development by planning law
a community of people smaller than a village
Harris and Ullman
developed the multiple-nuclei model which was developed in 1945
hierarchy of central places
small centers providing lower-order services than the large centers do
an economist who created the sector model of a city
the basic facilities and services that support a community
in situ accretion
where less expensive homes and businesses seem to be in a chronic state of ongoing construction and renovation
a city overrun with factories, supply facilities, the expansion of transport systems, and the consturction of tenements for a growing labor force.
urban area over 10 million people
a very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns)
huge stores with a wide variety of products designed for one stop shopping
a city in which a central square became the focus of the city flanked by royal, religious, public, and private buildings: streets leading to such squares formed the beginnings of a downtown.
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
metropolitian statistical area
a central county of counties with atleast of one urbanized area of atleast 50,000 people
micropolitan statistical area
a similar but smaller version of a metropolis, with atleast one urban cluster between 10,000-50,000 people
counters that large cities develop by spreading nodes of growth, not just one
expansion of economic activity caused by the growth or introduction of another economic activity
a number of families live in close proximity to each other, with fields surrounding the collection of houses and farm buildings (e.g., Asian longhouse)
a model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road
a continuous development that contains a central city and many nearby cities, towns, and suburbs
A city which is greater than two times the next largest city in a nation (or contains over one-third of a nation's population). The primate city is usually very expressive of the national culture and often the capital city.
a housing development that is publicly funded and administered for low-income families
In a model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy.
the four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
a model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD).
patterns of settlement on earth's surface: rank-size rule and Christaller's central place theory
legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland
social area analysis
study where Social Scientists compare the various distributions and create an overall picture of where various types of people tend to live
cities that have a special function
development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
independent political units with territorial boundaries that are internationally recognized by other states
residential areas surrounding a city
the people living in a municipality smaller than a city
major routes converge-roads,railroads, sea traffic and air transportation
a geographical area constituting a city or town
group of socially, politically, or economically dominant figures in a society.
a nation or group of territories ruled by a single, powerful leader or emperor
the study of how people use space in cities
a ranking of communites from largest to smallest
urban influence zone
an area outside of a city that is nevertheless affected by the city
the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
thought that urban development leads to social and personal disorders, believed technology causes problems
centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce
zone in transition
an area that is either becoming more rural or more urban
zone of maturity
old part of city, more wealthy live here, bigger houses
first developed in europe and north america in the early 20th century and they encourage spatial seperation by preventing mixing of land use in the same district