30 terms

chapter 11 government vocab

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expressed powers
explicitly, in its specific wording
implied powers
by reasonable deduction from the expressed powers
inherent powers
by creating a national government for the United States
strict constructionists
one who argues a narrow interpretation of the Constitution's provisions
consensus
general agreement
tax
a charge levied by government on persons or property to raise money to meet public needs
direct tax
one that must be paid directly to the government by the person on whom it is imposed- for example tax on land
indirect tax
one first paid by one person but then passed on to another
public debt
all of the money borrowed by the Federal Government over the years and not yet repaid
deficit financing
borrowing
commerce power
the power of congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade
legal tender
any kind of money that a creditor must by law accept in payment for debts
bankruptcy
the legal proceeding in which the bankrupt's assets are distributed among those to whom he or she owes debts
naturalization
process by which citizens of one country become citizens of another
copyright
the exclusive right of an author to reproduce, publish, and sell his or her creative work
patent
grants a person the sole right to manufacture, use, or sell "any new and useful art, machine, m manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement
eminent domain
the inherent power to take private property for public use
appropriates
assigns to a particular use
Necessary and Proper Clause
givers Congress the expressed power to make necessary and proper laws
doctrine
a principle or fundamental policy
successor
a replacement, someone to fill the vacancy, subject to a majority vote in both houses of Congress
impeach
to accuse, bring charges
acquit
find them not guilty
perjury
lying under oath
subpoena
a legal order directing one to appear in court and/or to produce certain evidence
censure
to issue a formal condemnation
liberal constructionists
one who argues a broad interpretation of the provisions of the Constitution
Thomas Jefferson
"government is best which governs least"; wanted the States to keep as much power as possible
Alexander Hamilton
believed that the country needed "an energetic government"
Limits on the Commerce Power
1) cannot tax exports 2) cannot favor the ports of one Sate over those of an y other in the regulation of trade 3) cannot require that "vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another" 4) could not interfere with the slave trade, at least not until the year 1808