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Into to American Politics
Terms in this set (132)
Single king or queen over lands they have United into a single country
Encompass many lands or countries unified or conquered under a single supreme leader
Leaders who often enjoyed the support of a vocal segment of the population and used public appeal and military strength to claim legitimacy
Leaders who come to power by using military force or even using the democratic process and once in office dismantling all aspects of democracy and replacing it with single-person rule
Historically _______ were warlords who held the most land and had the largest number of other warlords loyal to them.
Which of the following best describes the concept of legitimacy of rule
d-the ruling family is recognized by the people, foreign powers, and key institutions as the real ruler
________ are a class of people who own or control a significant amount of resources and property and are part of a ruling class
Which of the following best describes the nomarchs in the old kingdom of Egypt
What was the significance of Ma'at to a pharaoh's political power.
a-if a pharaoh failed to follow key concepts of justice and order or ignored the needs of people, he invited justification for his overthrow
Which of the following describes the disempowerment of the nobility during the rule of King Louis XIV?
c-domestication of the nobility
Which of the following best describes a divine right monarch?
d-a monarch whose rule is religiously justified and he serves as God's regent on Earth
The Chinese Emperor may have had wide latitude in governing, but failure to meet a certain set of religiously justified fundamentals can mean that a rival may make a legitimate case for their overthrow.
Identify all of the following that the Chinese viewed as violations of the mandate from heaven to meet the needs of the people.
During the 1930s, Adolf Hitler, a tyrant, took advantage of the abolition of democracy by the Weimar Republic to gain office.
Dictators are tyrants who often rise with the support of some of the public, often at the expense of minority groups.
_______ government is a government that has an agreed-upon set of rules—usually written—as its fundamental law.
Which of the following states that representative governments become oligarchies as key linkage institutions such as political parties become more conservative, and a small group of people exerts order and control for the sake of efficiency?
b.The iron law of oligarchies
The Japanese oligarchs were known as the nobiles.
Studies of the Senate of Rome have revealed that most of the Senate came from a small group of extended family networks.
Direct democracies are criticized for their overprotection of the rights of minorities or individuals in the face of the will of the masses.
Which of the following are governments that allow for the popular election of representatives who conduct the business of government on behalf of the people?
Which of the following practices served as a way to limit the power of people deemed dangerous to the Athenian democracy?
All adults living in Athens were eligible to vote in the assembly.
Politics are defined as the affairs of governments.
Which of the following terms best describes "the influential?"
c. People who can steer the awarding of scarce resources
_ is simply the process of deciding how resources, which are scarce, will be allocated; which resources will be allocated; and when they will be allocated.
A _ is a good or service required to sustain life or meet basic requirements in society.
A __ is a good or service one desires but does not require to sustain life or meet basic requirements in society.
Traditionally, African-American voters had supported Democratic candidates, but the election of 1932 proved to be a turning point in the American electorate as many African-American voters refused to cast ballots for Franklin Roosevelt.
Why did FDR back down on advocating for civil rights in New Deal programs?
a.He needed support of pro-segregationist Southern Democrats to get his agenda passed.
Which of the following describes power? Choose all that apply.
a.The ability of one person or group to have another person or group to act or follow the wishes of the first person or group.
b.Dominion over others
c.Power and liberty are at odds
d.Power has gradations
Congresswoman Margolies-Mesvinsky casts the deciding vote for the budget deal.
President Eisenhower enforces the Brown decision
Hamilton's tax to support internal improvements
Powers expressly granted to the federal government
Powers shared by the federal and state governments
Powers held by the states
Which clause requires that all states are bound to honor federal judgments, federal laws, and the U.S. Constitution?
Which clause gives the Congress a wide latitude of operation?
a.Necessary and proper
Recognize the central government as superior in all matters and the state and local governments are allowed to govern by the authority of the central government.
The central government receives its power to govern by permission of the states.
Share power in some areas and reserve powers for either the central government or the state governments.
Which of the following is not a classification of used to designate territories?
The Constitution leaves very specific instructions on how a territory is to become a state.
Which of the following decisions found that a state had no power to tax or obstruct the Bank of the United States, and, more importantly, Congress had the authority to charter the Bank because it had implied powers under the Constitution's necessary and proper clause?
c.McCulloch v. Maryland
Which of the following decision reasserted the power of the federal government to regulate interstate commerce?
a.Gibbons v. Ogden
Dual federalism draws clearly defined boundaries between state powers and federal powers, and both parties agree to not interfere.
Concurrent federalism describes the federal government and the states coordinating and cooperating on policy.
Which of the following are general grants specifying a general area of use but leaving the specifics in the hands of the state or local government?
Which of the following describes the scenario of the federal government passing laws or regulations states must follow to continue to eligible for streams of money, however, the federal government did not allocate any new funds to help these states implement these changes?
Crosscutting and crossover grants are types of which of the following?
The ____ provision of the Constitution, states are required to honor the judgments and decisions of other states
b.Full Faith and Credit
Which of the following describes a law requiring people to register their automobile and carry insurance?
Which of the following describes an amendment stating that the right of free speech shall not be abridged?
Power meant control over people. It was necessary for all governments. Liberty meant freedom and was always supported by power. Power did not menace liberty
Which of the following were tools of corrupt power according to a republican?
The colonies held an uncertain status within the Empire. Every colony had an individual relationship with England that was different from the other colonies.
Where do rights come from in the minds of the enlightenment thinker?
Which of the following enabled people to know that they had natural rights?
Which of the following best describes the concept of the state of nature for both Hobbes and Locke?
a.Maximum liberty but little security for people and their property
The state of nature is a state of war and insecurity.
Humans have the right to revolt against a government that fails to respect the rights of its citizens.
To achieve security and prosperity humans must contract to set up an absolute sovereign.
The state of nature is a state of equality and often cooperation.
What was the purpose of the colonies in the mind of Great Britain?
d.Economic benefit of the mother country
Former French officials were allowed to continue as administrators in the colony because they already knew their jobs; there was no need to change.
it required all merchant ships to purchase permits to load and unload for both coastal and trans-Atlantic voyages.
Americans would be required to provide some shelter for the troops while barracks were built.
A fee levied a tax on legal documents; almanacs; newspapers and playing cards. All duties were to be paid in pounds sterling not colonial currency.
This act placed taxes on common items used every day.
The act forbade colonies to print paper money but some did anyway and this was a constant irritant through 1774.
The Boston Massacre was followed by riots.
The Boston Tea Party was held in retaliation for the Proclamation Line of 1763
Which of the following describes what a colonist would call a direct tax?
c.Duties on legal documents
To the colonists, internal or direct taxation was a tax levied on their personal property and internal affairs and actions in society. The Stamp Act taxed their property and regular activities--such as legal affairs.
Why was Thomas Jefferson the person enlisted to write the Declaration of Independence?
a.He was the best writer in the group.
d.He was from Virginia not Massachusetts¸ and his authorship showed more universal support for independence.
Why did the Declaration of Independence attack the British public?
a.To demonstrate them as different from each other and separate. The colonists also blamed the British people for allowing horrible things to happen to the colonists.
If the U.S. defaulted on its loans, it would have invited financial ruin for many of its prominent citizens, and it would also essentially scuttle the United States as a political entity.
Which of the following was not a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
d.Expanding in new territories
Shays' Rebellion demonstrated which of the following weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
d.The new national government did not have the power to call up the army to put down insurrections
The origins of Shays' Rebellion actually dealt with political matters, specifically the problems of representation of merchants.
George Washington was needed at the Constitutional Convention because he commands the respect of the public and the members of the convention.
Which of the following states were not part of the Annapolis Convention?
Why was it necessary to have George Washington as the president of the Constitutional Convention?
b.People viewed Washington with respect and trust. His presence at the convention would bolster its legitimacy.
Which of the following are reasons for calling James Madison "the father of the Constitution?"
a.The Federalist Papers
c.His notes of the Convention
d.The Virginia Plan of Union
The New Jersey Plan of Union favored the most populous states.
How was representation apportioned in the Virginia Plan?
b.All states would be represented according to population.
Slavery was allowed to continue because the founders did not recognize that slaves were people.
Slavery still existed in all of the states in 1787.
Originalism is the practice of attempting to ascertain what the founders intended when writing a particular section of the Constitution.
The Constitution separates powers by class instead of function.
The founders of America were "men of their times" who did not view slavery as wrong or slaves as people.
In Jefferson's original draft of the Declaration of Independence, he argued that the King of England introduced slavery to the colonies and wrote about the institution of slavery as wrong and slaves as people.
The Missouri Compromise admitted Missouri as a free state and stated all new territory north of 36°30' would be free territory.
The Compromise of 1850 admitted Texas as a state.
Which of the following was part of the decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford?
a.The court found that Dred Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court.
The Fourteenth Amendment was written to undo the provisions of Dred Scott v. Sandford.
Which Supreme Court case found that "separate but equal was inherently unequal?"
d.Brown v. Board of Education*
What was the significance of Plessy v. Ferguson?
a.It effectively provided constitutional protection for segregation.
The addition of the word "sex" to the Civil Rights Act was inserted to prevent its passage.
The goal of affirmative action was to institute a quota system in employment and school admissions.
If the President disapproves of a bill, then he or she can reject it and send it back to the house of Congress in which it originated. The entire bill is rejected. What is this called?
If a President does not sign a bill or veto it within ten days of it having been sent to him or her, then the bill shall become law. Unless Congress has ended its session. If that is the case, then the bill is vetoed. What is this veto called?
Presidents have no leeway in enforcing the law and pushed its boundaries.
The President initiates the federal budget.
Which of the following offenses are not pardonable by a President?
Technically, the President does not have the authority to take the United States to war.
Which of the following wars had a Congressional declaration?
d.World War II
The President can use his power as executive to have the United States voluntarily comply with the conditions of the treaty in question so long as the areas of compliance are under his or her purview.
The President can make an executive order that requires executive branch operations to comply with provisions of the treaty.
In the event the President is incapacitated, the Vice President will be Acting President and cede those duties back to the President when he or she is able to execute the office again
When ready to return, the President must submit notification to the Vice-President and Senate.
If the Vice President is chosen to satisfy an important group of voters in a party who is not necessarily represented by the party's presidential nominee, it is called _____________.
b.Balancing a ticket
In 1864, President Lincoln wanted to signal his wish to see the national wounds of the Civil War ended and to look forward to the Reconstruction of the United States. Lincoln dropped his current Vice President, Hannibal Hamlin, and added Andrew Johnson.
Which of the following are the major functions of the Vice President?
a.Presiding over the Senate
c.Serving as President if the President cannot fulfill the duty
The United States uses a bicameral system, meaning Congress has two divisions or houses.
How old must one be to be eligible to serve in the Senate?
c.30 years old
Which of the following duties are assigned to the House of Representatives?
d.Initiating all bills that raise taxes
Congress has wide latitude in its legislative authority, as the Constitution allows it to make all necessary and proper laws.
Which of the following is not a requirement for a Congressional District?
c.Be limited to one major city within its border
The Constitution suggests that the United States conduct a decennial census for the purpose of apportioning (dividing up the House of Representatives).
Sometimes constituents experience difficulties with a federal process or agency and ask their Congressperson or Senator for help. Which of the following terms describes this?
The ___ can draw up and pass articles of impeachment with a simple majority vote. If this happens, the President will be tried by the___, and, if found guilty by 2/3 of the members, the President can be removed from office.
d.House of Representatives, Senate
Concurrent resolutions are statements passed in both chambers of Congress.
Consensus resolutions originate in one chamber, where they must pass by a simple majority, and then go to the other chamber, where they must also pass with a simple majority.
Simple resolutions are statements passed in only one chamber of Congress.
Over the years, Washington, D.C. has grown into a major city in its own right, but, because of its special status, it lacks Congressional representation.
members of the House of Representatives.
The Sergeant at Arms is the only position in the House of Representatives created in the Constitution.
Sometimes Speakers need to attend to other business or are busy trying to broker a compromise or develop a legislative package and cannot preside over the House. In these cases, the Speaker identifies a
a.Speaker Pro Tempore
A __ is elected by the majority party to aid in maintaining party discipline, while the ____ is elected by the minority party to aid in maintaining party discipline.
b.majority whip, minority whip
In reality, the duties of presiding over the Senate for most business is yielded to junior Senators to help them learn parliamentary procedure.
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