Thane of Glamis. Meets some witches who tell him he'll be king (thane of Cawdor) -- so he kills king and lots of people while going slowly more and more crazy.
Wife of Macbeth. Very ambitious. Pushes Macbeth to kill people. Also goes crazy ("out, dammed spot!"). cf. Madame Defarge or Bellatrix
Very good general in Scotland, becomes allies with Malcolm, eventually kills Macbeth. His family is slaughtered at the orders of Macbeth. C-section guy.
Son of King Duncan, flees to England, allied with Macduff, becomes King of Scotland (good king)
Son of Duncan, Malcolm's younger brother, flees country (to Ireland) after death of father
Macbeth's friend and companion, killed by murderers hired by Macbeth, son becomes king later on, represents another one of Macbeth's downfalls
The Three Witches
Make prophecies about what is to come in Macbeth's life: first predict he will become king, later give three warnings... beware Macduff, no man of woman born can kill you, you will fail when the woods march to your castle.
Main events in Act I:
o i: witches make plan to meet Macbeth
o iii: Macbeth meets the witches, prophecies are made
o v: Lady Macbeth receives letter from Macbeth describing the encounter with the witches; decides to help Macbeth become king
o vii: Macbeth agrees to kill Duncan
Main events in Act II:
o i Dagger speech:
o ii Macbeth kills Duncan, but Lady Macbeth has to frame the guards herself because he is too stunned by the act of murder
o iii - Porter's humorous speech; Discovery of Duncan's murder, Macbeth kills guards, Donalbain and Malcolm flee the country
Main events in Act III:
o i Macbeth orders murderers to kill Banquo and his son Fleance, so to prevent Banquo from seizing Macbeth's power and the fulfilling of the prophecy
o iv Macbeth is visited by the ghost of Banquo
Main events in Act IV:
o i Macbeth visits the witches and hears prophecies about the moving forest/man not born of woman/the threat of Macduff
o iii Macduff asks Malcolm for help against Macbeth/ Ross tells Macduff that Macbeth had his family murdered
Main events in Act V:
o i Lady Macbeth sleepwalks/ Dr. speculates what is wrong with her
o iii Macbeth prepares for battle
o v Macbeth learns the "woods have moved"/Lady Macbeth dies (suicide)
o viii Macbeth&Macduff battle, Macbeth learns Macduff was "untimely ripped"...(Macbeth dies)
An ethical appeal - Dependent on credibility, character, or intelligence of the author or speaker. The author/speaker tends to give the impression of being highly intelligible and having high moral character to thus win the audience's trust and approval. (*Knowledgeable, moral, dependable, etc.)
An appeal to emotion. Could be positive (cute pictures of puppies, praising your soldiers for their courage) or negative (calling your rival a coward).
A logical appeal based on facts, may not be accurate (logical fallacy). Use of logic, reason, facts, statistics, data, and numbers.
the overall attitude of the writing - what the author intends and how the author's voice comes across
how the writer writes; does he/she use figurative language, lots of commas, lots of rhetorical devices, etc.
Who said this: "Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires: The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be, Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see."
Macbeth - Macbeth speaking about killing Duncan after hearing Malcolm is heir to throne
That I may pour my spirits in thine ear;
And chastise with the valour of my tongue
All that impedes thee from the golden round,
Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem
To have thee crown'd withal.
Lady Macbeth - Lady Macbeth is introduced and you first see her intentions to make Macbeth king; suggest that she will use unorthodox means to accomplish her goals (That I may pour my spirits in thine ear; And chastise with the valour of my tongue);
"That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood;
Stop up the access and passage to remorse,"
Lady Macbeth - reveals about Lady Macbeth's ambitious nature)
"The service and the loyalty I owe,
In doing it, pays itself. Your highness' part
Is to receive our duties; and our duties
Are to your throne and state children and servants,
Which do but what they should, by doing every thing
Safe toward your love and honour."
Macbeth to Duncan - --shows Macbeth's wishy/washiness, and how he lies
--provides dramatic irony