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24 terms

corrections 13

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inmate accountability
the staffs ability to locate and identify inmates at any point in time within a prison
work call
the time whe inmates move to their assigned jobs or programs assignments
controlled movement
the procedure used by prisons to maintain accountability for inmates as the move throughout the prison
call out
a schedule of all the appointments and required maves for a day, including the name and expected times of the moves
pass system
a form of inmate movement in which an inmte is issued a pass by the work or program supervisor to go to a scheduled appointment
regular counts
the scheduled counting of inmates in their housing units to ensure that they are in the prison and have not escaped
stand-up count
the most formal count of the day, at which inmates must stand at their cell door or by their dormitory bed to be counted and matched to the number of inmates assigned to each housing area
census counts
a less formal count conducted at program and work assignments by the staff responding for supervising inmates
random counts
counts done at any time, freezing inmates at whatever location they are in when the random count is called
contraband
any item taht inmates are not allowed to possess, including items that can assist in an escape, are dangerous, can undermine prison physical security, or are nuisance items
shadow board
a light colored background with the outline of the tool painted on it allowing for a missing tool or knife to be quickly noticed
special housing unit
a temporary housing assignment for inmates who present a danger to the security of the prison, need protection from other inmates, or are being punished for violating prison rules
administrative detention
a nonpunitive confinement in SHU used to house inmates whose continued presence in the general population may pose a serious threat to the security or orderly running of the prison
disciplinary segregation
a punitive assignment in SHU after a finding of guilt for a serious prison rule violation; disciplinary segregation is for a set amount of time established by the authorized hearing official
enviromental factors
factors that create tension and an underlying unrest among inmates; they can include hot weather, reduction in budgets for recreation equipment, prison crowding, poor food service or medical care, a percieved pattern of unfairness in the management of the prison, or poor security procedures that allow inmates to create an unsafe environment
precipitating event
th"spark in the haystack" that sets off an inmate riot; usually must be preceded by the right environment factors before a pecipitating event creates the begining of a prison riot
hostage negotiation teams
a team of eight to ten prison employees, with excellent communication skills and ability to perform under stress, with the principle role to open lines of communications between staff and hostage takers
disturbance control team
am emergency team with the primary mission of controlling inmates suring riot situations by using defensive tactics and equipment to move, isolate, and get them to give up and stop the disturbance
special emegency response team
an emergency team trained in the use of lethal force for when all else fails to resolve an emergency situation
mandatory prison educational
many states and the federal bureau of prisons require inmates without a high school diploma or GED to attend school
fvocational training
specific training in a trade area to prepare students to work in that trade
continuum of care
provision of mental health programs based on the intensity of needs for each inmare, uncluding as inmates prepare for release to the community
lease system
state prisons accepted bids and leased out prisoners to private sector, which would work the inmates in their industrial operations
state-use system
only allowing prison-made goods to be sold to and used by the state and federal government agencies