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Function of the kidneys

-removal of metabolic wastes from the blood and excretion to the outside of the body
-regulation of red blood cell production, blood pressure, calcium ion absorption, and the volume, composition, and pH of the blood

Excretion is

Wastes include nitrogenous and sulfur containing products of protein metabolism

pH is the

control of hydrogen ions

blood volume is controlled by

regulation of water-reabsorption (more or less water), renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway

Blood pressure is regulated by

volume/pressure relationships, renin, angiotensinogen, angiotensin I, angiotensin II, & aldosterone

kidney releases of 2 hormones

calcitrol & erythropoietin

Erythropoietin is the

control RBC production

Activates Vitamin D to

regulate absorption of calcium

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