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About 97 percent of the people belonged to the Third Estate. The three groups that made up this estate differed greatly in their economic conditions. The first group—the bourgeoisie, or middle class—were bankers, factory owners, merchants, professionals, and skilled artisans. Often, they were well educated and believed strongly in the Enlightenment ideals of liberty and equality. Although some of the bourgeoisie were as rich as nobles, they paid high taxes and, like the rest of the Third Estate, lacked privileges. Many felt that their wealth entitled them to a greater degree of social status and political power. The number of French merchants, lawyers and other professional groups clearly grew over the course of the century. As a result, members of the bourgeoisie became stronger and more widely read and more self-confident. The bourgeoisie resented distinctions that the nobles enjoyed. Some were financial. Nobles were exempt on principle from the most important direct tax, the taille. Bourgeois obtained exemption with more effort, but so many bourgeoisie enjoyed tax privileges that purely monetary self-interest was not primary in their psychology. They resented nobles for superiority and arrogance. What was formerly customary respect was not felt as humiliation. They felt shut out from office and honors, and they felt that the nobles were seeking more power in government as a class. The workers of France's cities formed the second, and poorest, group within the Third Estate. These urban workers included trades people, apprentices, laborers, and domestic servants. Paid low wages and frequently out of work, they often went hungry. If the cost of bread rose, mobs of these workers might attack grain carts and bread shops to steal what they needed. Peasants formed the largest group within the Third Estate, more than 80 percent of France's 26 million people. Peasants paid about half their income in dues to nobles, tithes to the Church, and taxes to the king's agents. They even paid taxes on such basic staples as salt. Peasants and the urban poor resented the clergy and the nobles for their privileges and special treatment. The Third Estate was eager for change. The Third Estate was renamed to The National Assembly in June 17. 1789, when Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes proposed they do so. the king alouded doubling of the third because the population of the third estate was much more vast than each of the other groups.