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Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" told women it was best for them to stay within the stereotypical 1950s view of women.


By the late 1950s the Cold War had created a tripolar world.


In the 1950s

the United States relied on the doctrine of massive retaliation.

The effects of the Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik included all of the following EXCEPT

Many Americans believed that Sputnik's inferior quality revealed American technological superiority.

In the 1950s the United States actively tried on several occasions to roll back communism in Europe.


During the 1950s American policy supported containment but government leaders refused to help overthrow democratically elected governments.


John F. Kennedy

Felt the Berlin Wall helped to calm an unstable situation.

The Viet Cong

Gained strength as insurgents in the Vietnamese countryside.

The American reaction to soviet missiles in Cuba was...

A naval "quarantine" around Cuba

The civil rights movement placed its first focus on

Achieving justice in the South.

In Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957

Federal troops ensured the safety of black students from angry white mobs.

The struggle to end segregation in public facilities began with

A bus boycott

The Warren Commission

Left many loose ends in its investigation of the Kennedy assassination.

During Freedom Summer, students marched to Washington, D.C., to protest the Vietnam War.


Urban renewal in the 1950s was often done at the expense of minority groups.


All of the following were new to consumers in the 1950s EXCEPT

mass produced bottled soft drinks such as Coca Cola.

John F. Kennedy's New Frontier focused on

creating a new era of scientific and social progress.

A major factor in Kennedy's victory in the election of 1960 was

Kennedy's charismatic charm and wit

The Limited Test Ban Treaty allowed nuclear weapons to only be tested underground.


Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

ruled that segregated schools denied black children equal treatment under the law.

Methods used by blacks in winning the Montgomery bus strike included

The use of car pools despite police harassment

The Freedom Riders challenged segregation of interstate bus terminals.


The War on Poverty had little effect.


All of the following statements about Lyndon Johnson are true EXCEPT

he was especially knowledgeable in all aspects of American foreign policy.

"Progressive moderation," "New Republicanism," and " dynamic conservatism" were all labels for Eisenhower's domestic views.


The Eisenhower administration pushed for the creation of national system of interstate highways


The years 1950 - 1970 saw _______________ in the percentage of American women who were part of the labor force.

A steady increase

The Eisenhower administration subverted the democratically elected governments of __________ because they seemed to threaten U.S. interests.

Iran and Guatemala

In Brown, the Supreme Court ordered the immediate segregation of schools.


Americans in the 1950s believed in the basic strength of the United States.


Dwight Eisenhower was courted by both the Democrats and the Republicans as a presidential candidate, but he ultimately chose the Democrats and led them for eight years toward the political middle.

False (Eisenhower chose and served for eight years as a Republican president)

Dwight Eisenhower

accepted most of the New Deal.

The first portion of the interstate highway system opened in the state of Kansas in the year ______.


Family life in the Eisenhower years departed from historic patterns.


In his book "The Power Elite" C. Wright Mills argued that

an interlocking alliance of the military, big business, and big government ruled the country.

The 1955 movie "Blackboard Jungle" portrayed a combination of

Juvenile delinquency and rock-and-roll

This was a popular name for the military doctrine adopted in the 1950s, whereby the United States promised to respond to any attack on itself or its allies with force, including nuclear weapons.

Massive retaliation

In the late twentieth century, few leaders were able to master both domestic policy and foreign affairs.


In literature, a group of writers who challenged mainstream culture were known as the

The Beats

Kennedy won the presidency over Richard Nixon in a cliffhanging election that was more about personality and style than about substance.


In Vietnam

the United States began backing a pro-Western government in the South in the mid-1950s.

The Cuban Missile Crisis began when

the United States discovered that the Soviet Union was installing offensive nuclear weapons in Cuba.

John Kennedy came into office a strong supporter of civil rights.


All of the following programs were created and passed as part of the War on Poverty EXCEPT

Alliance for Progress

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 did all of the following EXCEPT

Outlaw literacy tests

Eisenhower wanted the United States to return to the isolationism of the prewar era.


Credit-based consumerism was a key feature of the American economy in the 1950s.


Michael Harrington, C. Wright Mills, and David Riesman were all

Critics of American society

Sputnik was

The world's first artificial satellite

When Eisenhower took over in 1952, American foreign policy underwent a dramatic shift.


The Cold War was marked by a series of misunderstandings by both sides.


Kennedy beat Nixon in 1960 by performing well in the Northeast and the


The Bay of Pigs fiasco was an attempt to

Overthrow Fidel Castro

John Kennedy was a tepid supporter of the civil rights movement.


Ch 29


The U.S. policy of "search and destroy" during the Vietnam War

required knowing the location of enemy detachments.

Following the example of the civil rights movement, antiwar protesters grew more peaceful after 1965.


Students for a Democratic Society

stressed participatory democracy and grassroots action.

Mainstream feminism targeted unequal opportunity in the job market.


Many of the urban problems associated with the second ghettos were caused by the big city political machines.


The Tet Offensive

was the turning point for shifting American opinion against the Vietnam War.

President Johnson decided not to run for reelection because

he had become overwhelmed by the war and challenges within his party.

Hubert Humphrey's narrow defeat in 1968 was due, in part, to

the violence that had occurred at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

SALT decreased the number of nuclear weapons possessed by the United States and the USSR.


The Nixon Doctrine declared that the United States would take harsh measures against antiwar protesters.


Nixon's New Federalism changed the course of reform by redirecting federal funds to the suburbs.


The scandals that plagued the Nixon presidency began with the Watergate affair.


All of the following policies were advocated by President Carter EXCEPT

Stepping up defense spending

Jimmy Carter's handling of the hostage crisis in Iran boosted his standing in public opinion and nearly allowed him to beat Ronald Reagan in the 1980 presidential election.


AIM worked to advance the interests of

American Indians

Effects of the Vietnam War included the

erosion of the nation's confidence in its government.

Which statement about riots in urban ghettos in the 1960s is true?

The riots showed the frustrations of residents who had legitimate grievances.

The American Indian Movement sought to achieve its goals primarily through lobbying Congress.


The Helsinki Accords officially ended the Vietnam war.


In a speech in 1979, President Carter expressed that

he felt the nation was experiencing a spiritual and moral crisis

The United States attacked North Vietnam with air strikes and large-scale ground operations.


In 1966 and 1967, anti-war activity changed from respectful protest to direct confrontation


Which of the following was NOT put forward by U.S. leaders as an argument for U.S. involvement in Vietnam?

To secure vital natural resources

NOW helped give voice to the revived ___________ of the 1960s.


The Stonewall Rebellion was a key event in the fight for the rights of Hispanics.


The popular culture of the late 1960s often highlighted the crime, racial violence, and poverty of America's big cities.


Stokely Carmichael coined the phrase

"Black Power"

__________'s stunning performance in the 1968 primary in New Hampshire set the stage for LBJ's withdrawal from the presidential race.

Eugene McCarthy

The third party candidacy of George Wallace got a substantial share of the vote in the 1968 presidential election.


Jimmy Carter was strong in the South in the election of 1976.


President Johnson's options in Vietnam were limited by the American desire to contain communism and the commitments that President Kennedy had made there.


Regarding Vietnam in the 1960s, President Johnson

failed to recognize the lack of support among South Vietnam's citizens for their government.

Opponents of the Vietnam War argued all of the following points EXCEPT

that the war was necessary to preserve Kennedy's legacy.

During the Vietnam War, the military draft included members of all classes and races, but those in the upper classes could avoid military duty.


The growth of the "Woodstock Generation" in the 1960s revealed that

a feeling of alienation existed within American society.

One factor that did NOT contribute to the growth of women's liberation was

the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution.

Gay activists learned protest tactics from the civil rights and antiwar movement.


Events in the Watts section of Los Angeles in 1965 showed

that racial unrest could result in violent riots

Black Power meant all of these things EXCEPT

assimilating into the larger American society.

All of the following statements about the Black Panthers are true EXCEPT

they focused entirely on national, rather than local, goals.

Support for cross-town busing as a way to counter segregation in education was boosted by the peaceful process of integration in Boston schools.


After the Tet Offensive, a group of distinguished Cold Warriors told President Johnson that the Vietnam War could not be won on terms acceptable to Americans or America's allies


Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated while running as a presidential candidate in the 1968.


In the 1968 election

Hubert Humphrey had to deal with major divisiveness within his party.

After Richard Nixon's election, it became apparent that

he did not have a secret plan to end the war.

The Khmer Rouge, which murdered millions of Cambodians in the 1970s, came to power in that country after the previous government had been destabilized by American military actions ordered by President Nixon


For Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, foreign policy

Required seeking a balance of power

The Watergate affair

need not have led to Nixon's resignation if he had not engaged in a cover-up.

The "Saturday Night Massacre" was an atrocity committed by U.S. troops in Vietnam.


Jimmy Carter won the election of 1976 because he was viewed as an alternative to Washington insiders.


Operation _____________ was a major step in the escalation of U.S. involvement in Vietnam.

Rolling Thunder

The number of American troops in Vietnam peaked in


Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) considered itself a "New Left."


Swan v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education overturned busing as a solution to de facto segregation.


1968 began with the Viet Cong's

Tet Offensive. (the Tet Offensive failed, but it undermined American public support for the war)

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