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Terms in this set (66)
Suffix: -ist & -ician
Suffix: -y & -ics
old age / man
upon, following, or subsequent to
Suffix: -al & -ic
Suffix: -algia & -dynia
Suffix: -gen & -genesisa
origin, cause, or formation
viewing, an instrument used for viewing.
Prefix: ante- & pre-
Example Term -
Prefix: Hypo- (low)
Root: glyc/o (sugar)
Suffix: -emia (condition)
Low blood sugar
Example Term -
Prefix: Ante (before)
Root: cubitum (elbow)
Anterior of the elbow
Example Term -
Prefix: Anti (against)
Root: coagulant (substance causes blood to clot)
Preventing coagulation (clotting)
Prefixes divided into 5 logical divisions:
1) Time and Speed
4)Size of number
Prefixes of Time and Speed
Brady- (abnormally slow rate of speed)
post - (after)
tachy (abnormally high rate of speed)
Prefixes of Direction
ab- (away from, outside of, beyond)
ad- (toward, near to)
contra - (against)
dia- (across, through)
CON - & SYM - & SYN - (with, within)
Prefixes of Position
ec- & ecto- & ex- & exo- (outside)
hyper- (above, beyond normal)
infra- (inside, below)
intra- (inside, with)
pan- (all / everywhere)
para- (alongside, near)
Prefixes of Negation
a- & an- (not)
Prefixes of Size and Number
bi- & di- & dipl- (two, twice)
semi- (half, parital)
olig- & oligo- (a few, a little)
uni- & mono- (one)
Suffixes divided into 4 different ways
1) Signify medical condition
2) Name a medical condition
3) Converta. noun into a adjective
4) Signify diagnostic term, test info., surgical procedure
Suffixes that Signify Medical Conditions
-cele (protrusion, hernia)
-ectasis & -ectasia (expansion/dilation)
-edema (excessive fluid)
-ism (condition of, process, state of)
-lith (stone, calculus, calcification)
-lysis (breaking down)
-oid (resembling / like)
-osis (abnormal condition)
-penia (reduction of size / quantity)
-plasia (abnormal formation)
... part 2
Suffixes that signify Medical Practice and Practitioners
- iatrics. \
- iatry (medical specialty)
- ics /
Suffixes that Denote Adjectives
Suffixes that Signify Diagnostic Terms, Test Information, or Surgical Procedures
"What it is" - dissection
"What it is"
Begins with chemicals that act together to form cells. Cell process food we eat & air we breathe. Cells also reproduce, each cell according to the DNA code it contains.
"How it works" - study of how the body's parts work together.
anter/o (front, anterior)
myel/o (spinal chord)
poster/o (posterior, back)
thorac/o (chest [thorax])
Levels of organization in the body (smallest to largest)
cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Human body = 10 trillion - 100 trillion cells.
Work BOTH individually and together.
cell membrane - allows substances in & out
nucleus - directs activities within the cell
mitochondria - generates energy for the cell
cytoplasm - a watery fluid that fills the spaces outside the nucleus
Made-up of cells. Tissues work together to perform tasks.
4 types of body tissues:
muscle, connective, nerve, and epithelial.
Tissues with common functions come together to form body's organs, which perform specialized functions. Ex: Brain, Heart, and Stomach.
Group of organs form a body system. Each has its own purpose.
Body is erect and facing forward, and arms are at the sides with palms of hands facing forward. Left and Right are from the subject's perspective, not observer.
Body Position and Directional Terms
Imaginary surfaces within the body. The anatomic position is ALWAYS their reference point. 3 planes used to locate:
The 3 planes
Body Cavities & Divisions
Hollow space containing: Body Organs
Major Cavities -
Cranial= houses the brain
Spinal= houses the spinal chord
Thoracic= contains the lungs
Abdominopelvic= contains. digestive & reproductive organs.
don't forget diaphragm
The Abdominopelvic Cavitiy
Divided into 9 regions or 4 quadrants.
Hypochondriac (2) - areas below the cartilage of ribs
Epigastric - superior to the stomach, but middle
Lumbar (2) - located @ waist level on either side of the navel.
Umbilical - middle, contains umbilical
Hypogastric - The bottom square in the middle column, just inferior to the umbilical section.
Inguinal (2) - groin area
regions of the spinal cord
cervical - neck
thoracic - chest
lumbar - lower back, below the waist
sacral - lower back
coccyx - tailbone
Largest Organ of the body
SKin! Main part of the integumentary system, following parts: hair, nails, sebaceous (oil) glands & sudoriferious (sweat) glands.
cutane/o & derm/o, dermat/o (skin)
seb/o (sebum [oil, fat])
sudor - (sweat)
cirrh/o & jaund/o & xanth/o (yellow)
fer/o (to carry)
iehthy/o (dry, scaly [fishlike])
kerat/o (horny tissue / cells)
2 layers. Epidermis and dermis, then the layer of connective tissue = Hypodermis/ subcutaneous, lies deep beneath the dermis, BUT not part of the integumentary system. :/ Along side with adipose tissue.
Outside layer of the skin. Made up of epithelial tissue. Protects body from the outside. Doesn't contain blood, it's avascular, which is a characteristic of epithelial tissue.
Contains blood vessels & nerves. Accessory Organs: Glands, hair, nails.
Sebaceous Glands - secrete sebum, oily fluid
Sudociferous Glands - produce sweat.
Hair follicles - produce hair, which is composed of a hard protein called Keratin, also found in nails.
"Goosebumps" is caused by arrector pili muscles (bundles of smooth muscle fibers.
Melanin - color pigment, protects the skin from UV rays/ sunlight.
Melanocytes - brown-black pigment, surround the hair shaft.
Free edge - grows beyond the tip
Lunula - whitish crescent region of the nail.
Cuticle - thin and of tissue that seals the nail to the skin.
BSA - Body Surface Area
1st - Erythema (redness); superficial damage to the epidermis; no blisters.
2nd - Blisters, erythema.
3rd - Charring; damage to epidermis, dermis, hypodermis, muscle, bone.
Look @ notes
Flat - Elevated - Depressed
Contact Dermatitis - inflammation to the skin, caused by exposure to allergen with chemical /plant.
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