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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology introduced by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper; A Theory of Human Motivation; this theory was fully expressed in his book, Motivation and Personality. Maslow's theory suggests that the most basic level of needs must be met before an individual will strongly desire (or focus motivation upon) the secondary or higher level needs.
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Metamotivation
Motivation that goes beyond the scope of basic needs into a strive for constant betterment
Deficiency needs
Includes physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, and esteem needs
Being needs
Includes self-actualization needs and self-trancendence needs
Physiological needs
Needs that are required for basic human survival including: air, water, food, clothing, and shelter
Safety needs
Includes the need to feel personally secure from harm; also includes the need for financial security, health and well-being, and safety against accidents/illness and their adverse impacts
Love and belonging needs
Involves the need to feel a sense of belonging through friendship, intamacy, and family
Esteem needs
Involves the need to be accepted and valued by others; also includes the need for self-respect
Self-actualization
A need that pertains to what a person's full potential is and realizing that potential
Self-trancendence
Going beyond a prior form or state of oneself