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27 terms

AP Psychology Brain Parts

the parts and functions of the brain
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Brainstem
responsible for automatic survival functions; made of the hypothalamus, pons, thalamus, medulla, reticular formation, cerebellum
Reticular Formation
a nerve network that plays a role in controlling arousal
Thalamus
sensory switchboard
Hypothalamus
AKA rewards center...maintenance activities: eating, drinking, body and temperature;
it governs the endocrine system via the pituitary gland and is linked to emotion
Medulla
heartbeat and breathing
Cerebellum
voluntary movement and balance
Limbic System
associated with emotions and drives
Hippocampus
part of the limbic system; involved in memory
amygdala
part of the limbic system; linked to emotion, especially fear and anger
Cerebral cortex
ultimate control & information processing center; it is what distinguishes us from animals
Glial cells
support, nourish & protect neurons; make up the cerebral cortex
Association Areas
parts of the cerebral cortex not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking & speaking
Temporal Lobe
auditory areas
Parietal Lobe
includes sensory cortex
Occipital Lobe
visual areas, receives visual information from the opposite fields
Frontal lobe
speaking, muscle movements, plans & judgements
Motor Cortex
controls voluntary movements at the back of the frontal lobe
Sensory Cortex
registers and processes body sensation
Broca's Area
in the frontal lobe, in the left hemisphere; directs muscle movements involved in speech
Wernicke's area
In the left temporal lobe; involved in language comprehension and expression
Angular Gyrus
ability to read, controls word transformations into auditory code
Pons
contains centers for the control of vital processes, including respiration and cardiovascular functions. It also is involved in the coordination of eye movements and balance.
I'm about to take a test and must become focused. What part(s) of the brain would be involved?
reticular formation
Rebecca has always been afraid of spiders. Whenever she sees one or even remembers seeing one, her heartbeat increases, her breathing quickens and she immediately runs. What part(s) of the brain are active?
Brainstem, Pons, Reticular Formation, Motor Cortex, Frontal Lobe, Hippocampus, Association Areas, Cerebellum, Medulla, Brainstem, Glial Cells, Cerebral Cortex, Amygdala, Thalamus, Occipital Lobe
Jake is afraid of jumping out of a plane. What part of the limbic system is active?
Amygdala
What makes up the cerebral cortex?
Glial Cells
Jennifer has to remember all of the capitols, make a speech, and learn and think about this morning's math equation. What part of the brain is she most likely using?
The Association Areas