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Unit 3: The Progressive Era
Ms. Pena US History La Serna High School 2014-2015
Terms in this set (39)
Political movement involving farmers, who wanted government ownership of railroads, and lower protective tariffs.
first "modern" president, moderate who supported progressivism and played a significant role in world affairs
to add or take possession of a territory onto an existing state or country
William Howard Taft
Successor of Teddy Roosevelt. Had different views than Teddy; part of political corruption; Passed Sixteenth Amendment
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence. The start of the war was due in large part to yellow journalism
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership. Created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, gradual income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage, Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, and League of Nations
Treaty of Paris
The Spanish government recognized Cuba's independence. Spain gave up the Phillippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico in return for $20 million. The island nations then became unincorporated territories of the United States.
Period of reform from 1890s-1920s. Opposed waste and corruption while focusing on the general rights of the individual. Pushed for social justice, general equality, and public safety. Significants in this movement included trust-busting, Sherman Anti-trust Act, President Theodore Roosevelt, Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle", Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act of 1906.`
Spheres of influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle
novel published in 1906 that portrayed the filthy conditions in Chicago's meatpacking industry and led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
Ship canal across the isthmus of Panama (1915). It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America.
Writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life.
Roosevelt's 1904 addition to the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers. She helped win passage of the Illinois factory act in 1893 which prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours.
President Taft's policy of promoting U. S. Interests overseas by encouraging American business to invest in foreign countries, particularly in the Caribbean and Central America.
A labor organizer during the early 1900's, who is best know for her support of mine workers and was among the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World.
social welfare programs
Programs which helped insure a minimum standard of living. Programs were unemployment, accident and health insurance, and the social security system
Pure Food and Drug Act
Stopped the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for the correct labeling.
Interstate Commerce Commission
created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, signed by President Grover Cleveland in response to the Populist Movement. He regulated railroads to ensure fair rates and regulate other aspects of common carriers.
Meat Inspection Act
1906 - Laid down rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.
People bought bonds so the government could get that money for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.
Amendment to the United States Constitution that gave Congress the power to tax income.
Selective Service Act
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft during World War I
Amendment to the United States Constitution that guaranteed the direct election of Senators by the voters.
fines and imprisonment for aiding the enemy or hindering U.S. military; forbade any form of criticism of the government and military usually during times of war
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages in 1920
opposing a law one considers is unjust by peacefully disobeying it
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
the right to vote
Established that no citizen can be denied the right to vote on account of sex. Granted women the right to vote
Big Stick Diplomacy
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
a government tax on imports (goods brought into a country) or exports
National American Woman Suffrage Association; founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote
Federal Trade Commission
A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy, support antitrust suits, whose purpose is to encourage free enterprise and prevent restraint of trade and monopolies, protects consumers against deceptive practices such as false advertising or identity theft
Paris Peace Conference
The peace conference that decided the terms of WWI peace and Treaty of Versailles.
Federal Reserve System
Country's central banking system responsible for the nation's monetary policy by regulating supply of money and interest rates; requires member banks to keep a reserve
League of Nations
an international association formed after World War I with the goal of keeping peace among nations.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 6: Postwar America (1950s)
Unit 7: A Conflicted America
Unit 1: Foundations in the US
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