4 functions of reproductive system
produce gametes, fertilization, pregnancy, gonads produce both gametes and hormones
ducts sperm goes through
seminiferous tubule, epididymis, dustus deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra
site of sperm maturation
nourish spermatogenic cells, secrete inhibin, phagocytosis, fluid for transport, control spermatogenic movement
structure of sperm
head (nucleus and acrosome), flagellum
2 columns above urethra
how is uterine tube site of fertizilation
fimbriae sweet oocyte into tube, cilia and peristalsis move it along, sperm reaches it and fertilizes it, zygote reaches uterus 7 days after ovulation
lines (shed) unless implantation of zygote
positive feedback during mid cycle
an increase in estrogen causes the anterior pituitary to release LH
fluid in seminal vesciles
alkaline, frustose, prostaglandins, clotting proteins, semen
fluid in prostate gland
citric acid, proteolytic enzymes, seminalplasma
fluid in bulbourethral gland
alkaline fluid, mucous
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