278 terms

Ashcroft's Programmed Instruction: Unified English Braille

Ashcroft's Programmed Instruction: Unified English Braille
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Terms in this set (...)

apostrophe '
3
hyphen -
36
semicolon ;
23
colon :
25
exclamation mark
235
question mark
236
dash
6 and 36
indicator
A sign having no ink print counterpart, unique to the braille system.
Strong Contractions
and, for, of, the, with
Number Indicator
3456
1
#a
2
#b
3
#c
4
#d
5
#e
6
#f
7
#g
8
#h
9
#i
0
#j
Interline
Writing print above or below braille.
Uncontracted Braille
Grade 1, using braille to represent the single letters of the alphabet.
Contracted Braille
Grade 2
Contraction
A sign in braille that represents more than one letter.
Wordsign
A contraction that is used in braille to represent an entire word.
Capital Sign, Single
6
Capital Sign, Double
6 and 6
Comma ,
2
Alphabetic word signs can be used when followed by an apostrophe and the letters:
d, ll ,r, e, s, t, and ve
and
12346
for
123456
of
12356
the
2346
with
23456
but
B
like
L
not
N
people
P
you
Y
can
C
do
D
just
J
knowldge
K
more
M
so
S
every
E
from
F
go
G
that
T
will
W
us
U
as
Z
have
H
it
X
quite
Q
rather
R
very
V
indentation
2 cells
shortform words
Words that are represented by just two or three letters.
about
ab
after
af
again
ag
blind
bl
braille
brl
could
cd
either
ei
friend
fr
good
gd
great
grt
him
hm
immediate
imm
its
xs
letter
lr
little
ll
paid
pd
quick
qk
said
sd
today
td
tomorrow
tm
tonight
tn
would
wd
your
yr
ellipsis ...
period, period, period
forward slash /
456 and 34
asterisk *
5 and 35
bullet :
456 and 256
at sign @
4 and 1
opening quotation marks "
236
closing quotation marks "
356
single opening quotation mark '
6 and 236
single closing quotation mark '
6 and 356
opening round parentheses (
5 and 126
closing round parentheses )
5 and 345
opening square brackets [
46 and 126
closing square brackets ]
46 and 345
opening curly brackets {
456 and 126
closing curly brackets }
456 and 345
opening angle brackets <
4 and 126
closing angle brackets
4 and 345
simple numeric fraction line
34
fraction written horizontally e.g. 1/2
456 and 34
day
5d
ever
5e
father
5f
here
5h
know
5k
lord
5l
mother
5m
name
5n
young
5y
one
5o
part
5p
question
5q
right
5r
some
5s
time
5t
under
5u
work
5w
grade 1 symbol indicator
56
grade 1 word idicator
56 and 56
grade 1 passage indicator
56 and 56 and 56
grade 1 terminator
56 and 6
groupsign
A contraction used to represent a group of letters within a word.
strong groupsign
Contractions that contain dots in both the top and bottom rows and in both right and left columns of the braille cell and stand for part of a word.
ar
345
ed
1246
er
12456
ing
346
ow
246
ch
16
gh
126
sh
146
th
1456
wh
156
st
34
ou
1256
Cent sign
4 and c
Dollar sign
4 and s
Euro
4 and e
British pound
4 and l
Feet '
2356
Inches "
2356 and 2356
Child
16 ch
Out
1256 ou
Shall
146 sh
Still
34 st
This
1456 th
Which
156 wh
Against
Ag st
Although
Al th
Children
Ch n
First
F st
Herself
H er f
himself
Hmf
Much
M ch
Must
M st
Myself
Myf
Oneself
5one f
Ourselves
Ou rvs
Should
Sh d
Such
S ch
Themselves
The mvs
Thyself
Th yf
Yourself
Yrf
Yourselves
Yrvsv
Italic symbol indicator
46 and 23
Italic passage
46 and 2356
Italic word
46 and 2
Italic termination
46 and 3
Bold symbol
45 and 23
Bold passage
45 and 2356
Bold word
45 and 2
Bold termination
45 and 3
Underlined symbol
456 and 23
Underlined passage
456 and 2356
Underlined word
456 and 2
Underlined termination
456 and 3
Script symbol
4 and 23
Script word
4 and 2
Script passage
4 and 2356
Script termination
4 and 3
these
45 the
those
45 th
upon
45 u
whose
45 wh
word
45 w
cannot
456 c
had
456 h
many
456 m
spirit
456 s
their
456 the
world
456 w
hash tag #
456 and 1456
ampersand &
4 and 12346
copyright
45 and 14
trademark
45 and 2345
registered
45 and 1235
lower wordsign
A contraction formed in the lower two-thirds of the braille cell, containing neither dot 1 nor dot 4.
be
23
enough
26
his
236
in
35
was
356
were
2356
declare
dcl
declaring
dclg
deceive
dcv
deceiving
dcvg
perceive
p er cv
perceivin
p er cvg
receive
rcv
receiving
rcvg
rejoice
rjc
rejoicing
rjcg
be, were, his and was
Are not used when in contact with punctuation that only contains lower dots.
En
26
In
35
Be
23
Con
25
Dis
256
Bb
23
Cc
25
Ff
235
Gg
2356
Ea
2
Because
23 c
Before
23 f
Behind
23 h
Below
23 l
Conceive
25 cv
Beneath
23 n
Beside
23 s
Between
23 t
Beyond
23 y
Conceiving
25 cvg
Subscript, level change down
26
Superscript, level change up
35
En
26
In
35
Be
23
Con
25
Dis
256
Bb
23
Cc
25
Ff
235
Gg
2356
Ea
2
Because
23 c
Before
23 f
Behind
23 h
Below
23 l
Conceive
25 cv
Beneath
23 n
Beside
23 s
Between
23 t
Beyond
23 y
Conceiving
25 cvg
Subscript, level change down
26
Superscript, level change up
35
Ance
46e
Ence
56e
Ful
56l
Ment
56t
Ong
56g
Ity
56y
Ound
46d
Ount
46t
Sion
46n
Tion
56n
Less
46s
Ness
56s
Parallel to
#l
Perpendicular to
#36
Shape indicator
56n
Triangle
N#c
Square
N#d
Circle
N
Shape terminator
S