10 terms

THINKING AND INTELLIGENCE PART 3

STUDY
PLAY
IQ = mental age/chronological age
intelligence quotient
intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
reification
giving an abstract concept a name and then treating it as though it were a concret, tangible object
factor analysis
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score
general intelligence (g)
a factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test
Charles Spearman
developed factor analysis; believed there is also a general intelligence or g factor that underlies the various clusters
Howard Gardner
believed in 8 areas if intelligence which people master to understand their world
multiple intelligences
intelligences each relatively independent of the others; may be good at one thing but not another
savant syndrome
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill; such as computation or drawing
Robert Sternberg
believes that intelligence includes analytic, creative and practical abilities