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Terms in this set (60)
Label for number 2
Label for number 1
Label for number 3
Label for number 4
Label for number 5
Label for number 6
Label for number 7
Label for number 8
Label for number 9
Label for number 10
Spark plug or injector
Label for number 11
Label for number 12
Label for number 13
Label for number 14
Label for number 15
Label for number 16
Label for number 17
Label for number 18
Label for number 19
Label for number 20
Is the main body of an internal combustion engine. Has a main
function of guiding the piston. Made of high grade cast iron.
Is located at the top of the cylinder, sealing the cylinder block.
Contain the intake and exhaust valves. Made of cast iron or aluminum.
Is contained within the cylinder. Receives gas pressure and transmits the
resulting force to the connecting rod. Usually made of aluminum alloy.
Is located in the ring grooves closest to the piston head. Seals the
combustion chamber. May also regulate engine oil consumption. Usually made of
cast iron and highly elastic materials
Connects the piston to the crankshaft. Provides for fluid
movement between the piston and the crankshaft. Made of nickel and chrome.
Is connected to the piston with the connecting rod. Turns
reciprocating motion into rotating motion. Usually made by steel forging.
Are located at the cylinder head, at the top of the combustion
chamber. Controls the intake of the air/fuel mixture. Made of alloy.
Is located at the cylinder head, at the top of the combustion
chamber. Controls the exhaust of the air/fuel mixture. Made of alloy.
Are located between the camshaft and the valve. Lift or open the valve.
Made of cast iron
Is located at the top of the cylinder head. Spark plug
ignites the air/fuel mixture or the injector pressurizes the air/fuel mixture in the
combustion chamber. Spark plug is made of center electrode, and insulator, a
metal casing and a side electrode. Injector is made from alloy steel.
Spark plug or Injector
Is located above the cylinder head. Releases exhaust gases.
Usually made from aluminum alloy.
Is located above the cylinder head. Collects air/fuel mixture.
Usually made from aluminum alloy.
Is located at the top or bottom of the cylinder. Controls the opening
and closing of the valves. Made of cast iron.
Are fitted through the piston. Allow the connecting rods to swivel. Are
made of steel.
Connects the camshaft to the valves. Allows for the intake of fuel and
air and the exhaust of gases. Made of steel.
Is connected to the pushrod. Helps the pushrod convey movement
from the camshaft to the valves in order to open them. Made of steel.
Is located on the crankshaft. Rotates the crankshaft and stores
energy. Made of cast iron.
Is located at the bottom of the cylinder block. Stores oil used to
lubricate all moving parts of the engine. Made of single sheet-steel or aluminum
Is located on either side of the cylinder head. Removes the unwanted
heat. Made of water and antifreeze.
Are located at the bottom of the engine, next to the oil sump.
Rotates the crankshaft and camshaft in order for the engine valves to open and
close. Made of steel.
Works with push rod to lower a valve
Provides path for burnt gases out of cylinder
Opens into the exhaust manifold
seals gap between piston and cylinder wall
converts gas combustion energy into mechanical energy
Works with push rod and rocker arm to push down the valve
provides valve lift through a series of lobes
provides for valve lift at appropriate piston location
converts up-down motion to rotary motion
joins piston with crankshaft
provides location for oil to be gathered and pumped up into engine
provides momentum to keep engine running in between piston strokes
connects connecting rod to piston
makes up the bulk of the engine mass
interacts with the tappet and rocker arm to push down the valve
Provides pathway for intake of fuel gas mix
opens port into the cylinder allowing entrance of fuel gas mix
Provides method of removing heat
hoses the valves and spark plug or injectors
provide the ignition spark
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