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The body of rules which binds states and olther agents in world politics with one another
Natural law tradition
A tradition that holds that universal moral principles should form the basis for laws
Positive law tradition
A tradition that holds that laws need to take into account the ways in which people and states actually behave
World Health Organization (WHO)
A specialized United Nations agency that deals with global health concerns
Influential human rights NGO founded in 1961 which has been very effective in highlighting human rights abuses around the world and raising the profile of human rights in international politics
Uninvited interaction by externa actors into the domestic affairs of a state with the primary motive of ending or preventing violations of human rights
Uninvited intervention by a state or small group of states into the affairs of another state without the approval or sanction of some larger international organization such as the United Nations
Uninvited interference in the domestic affairs of another state carried out by many states with the approval or sanction of a legitimate international organization such as the UN
The principle that governments must derive their legitimacy from the people over whom they rule
The problem of rising global temperatures brought on by the emission of greenhouse gases (especially carbon dioxide and methane)
Gases resulting from the burning of fossil fuels, especially carbon dioxide (CO2), that build up in the upper atmosphere
Tragedy of the commons
A metaphor in which actors fail to restrain their use of common resources, eventually depleting those resources for all
The maximum level of population that the world's resourcesand environment could sustain
Those who believe that the world is rapidly approaching (or is already at) its limits to growth
Those who argue that even if there is a limit to the population the world can support, it is not even close to that limit
An approach to economic development that tries to reconcile current economic growth and environmental protection with the needs of future generations
A phenomenon describing the situation when an abundance of natural resources prevents development by encouraging overvalued exchange rates, corruption, and lack of diversity into industry
A concept that refers to the degree to which the welfare of individuals is protected and advanced
A measure of effectiveness that focuses mainly on the treaty or convention designed to address a particular problem
A measure of effectiveness that focuses on the impact of a governance mechanism on the environment
NIMBY (Not in my backyard)
Used to express opposition by local citizens to the locating in their neighborhood of a civic project (such as a jail, garbage dump, or rehabilitation center) that, though needed by the larger community, is considered unsightly, dangerous, or likely to lead to decreased property values
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