30 terms

International Relations Final Exam

Will cover lectures from 3-30 to 4-27 -Governing Human Rights -Global Environmental Politics -Water as a Cross-cutting issue Online readings: * Human Rights Debate * "The Tradedy of the Commons" * "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases" * "Dehydrating Conflict" * "Water Shortages"
International Law
The body of rules which binds states and olther agents in world politics with one another
Natural law tradition
A tradition that holds that universal moral principles should form the basis for laws
Positive law tradition
A tradition that holds that laws need to take into account the ways in which people and states actually behave
World Health Organization (WHO)
A specialized United Nations agency that deals with global health concerns
Diseases like AIDS, the avian flu, and SARS, which spread or threaten to spread worldwide
Amnesty International
Influential human rights NGO founded in 1961 which has been very effective in highlighting human rights abuses around the world and raising the profile of human rights in international politics
Humanitarian Intervention
Uninvited interaction by externa actors into the domestic affairs of a state with the primary motive of ending or preventing violations of human rights
Unilateral intervention
Uninvited intervention by a state or small group of states into the affairs of another state without the approval or sanction of some larger international organization such as the United Nations
Multilateral intervention
Uninvited interference in the domestic affairs of another state carried out by many states with the approval or sanction of a legitimate international organization such as the UN
Popular Sovereignty
The principle that governments must derive their legitimacy from the people over whom they rule
Rule of law
The principle that laws need to be applied to all in an equal fashion.
Global warming
The problem of rising global temperatures brought on by the emission of greenhouse gases (especially carbon dioxide and methane)
Greenhouse gases
Gases resulting from the burning of fossil fuels, especially carbon dioxide (CO2), that build up in the upper atmosphere
The multiple species of plant and animal life found in nature
Renewable Resources
Resources whose supply can be increased within a meaningful time frame
Nonrenewable Resources
Limited or finite resources that cannot be replace once used
Tragedy of the commons
A metaphor in which actors fail to restrain their use of common resources, eventually depleting those resources for all
Carrying capacity
The maximum level of population that the world's resourcesand environment could sustain
Those who believe that the world is rapidly approaching (or is already at) its limits to growth
Those who argue that even if there is a limit to the population the world can support, it is not even close to that limit
Sustainable development
An approach to economic development that tries to reconcile current economic growth and environmental protection with the needs of future generations
Resource curse
A phenomenon describing the situation when an abundance of natural resources prevents development by encouraging overvalued exchange rates, corruption, and lack of diversity into industry
The language and representations through which we describe and understand the world
National Security
A concept the refers to the protection of the welfare of a state
Human Security
A concept that refers to the degree to which the welfare of individuals is protected and advanced
Regime effectiveness
A measure of effectiveness that focuses mainly on the treaty or convention designed to address a particular problem
Environmental effectiveness
A measure of effectiveness that focuses on the impact of a governance mechanism on the environment
Environmental justice
The justice or morality of the distribution of environments among peoples
NIMBY (Not in my backyard)
Used to express opposition by local citizens to the locating in their neighborhood of a civic project (such as a jail, garbage dump, or rehabilitation center) that, though needed by the larger community, is considered unsightly, dangerous, or likely to lead to decreased property values
Ecological justice
The justice or morality of the relationship between humans and the rest of the natural world.