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READ 5503 Terms
Here's an addition of READ 5503 for our friends in the POPS classes!
Terms in this set (62)
An individual's unique way of speaking
A language style associated with a particular social group
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
A way of talking associated with a particular context, i.e. school, at home, etc.
Focuses on meaning of words
The meaning of words
A set of words that sound the same but mean different things
Words that are spelled the same but sound different
I.e. present and past tense of 'read'
The smallest unit that has meaning in language
A morpheme that cannot stay by itself and can be used to alter free/unbound morphemes
I.e. prefixes and suffixes
Morphemes that can stand on their own
Words with similar meanings
Words with opposite meanings
Words that contain more than one root word and can be broken into separate words
Words that mean different things depending on their use in language
Phrases that are given new meaning which cannot be discerned from words individually
I.e. 'have egg on your face' means 'to look embarrassed or foolish'
Morphemes that change the root word's part of speech
i.e. 'Wash' becomes 'Wash/able' or 'Wash/ing'
Morphemes that do not change the meaning of the root word
I.e. 'Fast' becomes 'Fast/er' and 'Fast/est'
A system of rules and structures that is used to govern how sentences and phrases are formed.
The knowledge of grammatic patterns and structures
How sentences are formed and how the grammar rules apply to forming them
System of sounds in a language
The smallest unit of sound in language
The study of speech sounds, how they are made, and how they relate to language
A way to teach people to read through correlations of sounds and letters in a writing system
The ability to hear and utilize the sounds in words to identify said sounds
Sounds made with parted or closure of airflow, causing friction
Sounds made without causing friction to airflow
Small unit of speech composed of a vowel and a consonant
Always has a vowel
Onset and Rime
Onset is the part of the word before the vowel.
Rime is the part of the word that contains the vowel.
Spelling system of a language
Written signs and letters that represent sounds
Represented by a graphic character or symbols
A sequence of a vowel grapheme and a consonant grapheme
How many phonemes are there in the English language?
Stages of Language Changes from 6-months to 5 years
1) Increased speech understanding for others who don't speak the same as the child
2) Precision in word and sentence use, combining words to make new ones, appreciation for word-meaning and meaning-making
3) Gains a sense of understanding for language and expects to find more words in books
- Clay, Chapter 4
Why is it called a "braid of literacy"?
It starts with the hairs of early language development and stories, and builds as the child grows.
It twists and tightens like a braid.
- Words Their Way - p.3
"A dictionary in the head"
- Words Their Way - p.5
The teaching of spelling and how it ranges from pronunciation to marking and use
General Word Knowledge
We rely on this when he come across a new word, don't know how to spell a new word, or when we don't know a word's meaning
Specific Word Knowledge
We rely on this when we remember the correct spelling and meanings of words
The 3 Stages of Orthological Developmental Progress
Alphabet, Pattern, and Meaning
Stages of Spelling Development
Emergent, Letter-Name-Alphabetic, Within-Word Pattern, Syllables and Affixes Stage, Derivational Relations Stage
1st Stage of Spelling Development
Covers students who don't read conventionally or have not been exposed to reading instruction
Learning and experimenting with symbols and letters
2nd Stage of Spelling Development
Covers stage where students learn to read and start segmentation of sounds and letters
Within-Word Pattern Stage
3rd Stage of Spelling Development
Covers students who can read and spell from automatic knowledge of letter sounds and language
Focus is more on sound and letter patterns
Syllables and Affixes Stage
4th Stage of Spelling Development
Covers students ages 8-12-years-old who have learned to spell many words with more than one syllable
Learn about the base words and their connections with other words like them
Derivational Relations Stage
5th Stage of Spelling Development
Called so because students learn how so many words are derived from one root word
Constant stage that lasts a lifetime
Levels of Phonological Awareness
Word, Syllable, Onset and Rime, Phoneme
Understanding speech can be separated into sound and matched letters
A list of words chosen to cover a variety of spelling/phonics at increasing levels of difficulty
Primary Spelling Inventory (PSI)
Kindergarteners to 3rd graders
Elementary Spelling Inventory (ESI)
3rd graders to 5th graders, sometimes 6th grade
Upper Level Spelling Inventory (ULSI)
High elementary school students to college students
A tool used for scoring spelling tests and ascertaining whether students are on track in their spelling inventory difficulty and what words they can study next
Classroom Composite Form
A classroom profile that organizes students into instructional groups by features to be taught in each stage.
-Words Their Way - pg. 28
How do you prepare a student for a spelling inventory test?
1) Make sure the atmosphere is relaxed, not stressed.
2) Explain the purpose of the spelling test.
3) Have the class organized so students won't be encouraged to copy or cheat.
How do you administer a spelling inventory test?
1) Call the words aloud in a way all students can hear and understand you
2) Make sure you can read what each student is writing without causing stress
3) Know when you need to stop the tests for certain students
How do I score a spelling inventory test?
1) Mark the right words and the wrong words
2) Calculate a raw or power score by adding up the total number of words spelled correctly
Letter reversals or static reversals
Both are simple as writing /b/ in place of /d/ or /p/ in place of /b/
Letters are present but out of order
Used for phonetic awareness and development in children
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