AP Music Theory: Text/Music Relations
Terms in this set (38)
Term used for the words of a song.
Passage containing a melisma (group of many notes sung melodically to a single syllable)
In music, a stanza, or verse, is a poem set with a recurring pattern of both rhyme and meter. A "strophic" song (as opposed to a "through-composed" song) has several stanzas or verses set to music that remains the same or similar with each stanza. Many hymns follow this pattern.
one note for each syllable.
common classical-period accompaniment formed by arpeggiating triads in repeated patterns.
strict counterpoint in which each voice exactly imitates the previous voice at a fixed distance.
a term used to describe a polyphonic style of music in which all the parts have the same melody but which start at different times.
the additional but subordinate music used to support a melodic line.
* a composition based on the principals of counterpoint.
* A musical texture in which the interaction of several lines creates harmonies. "Contrapuntal chord" is another name for linear or voice-leading chord.
The contrapuntal "echoing" of a voice in another part.
A musical texture featuring two or more equally prominent, simultaneous melodic lines, those lines being similar in shape and sound.
Polyphony where the materials for each independent voice is unique.
a second but subordinate melodic line sometimes found in music which has a melody and an accompaniment.
...its kind of obvious isn't it?
the practice of two or more musicians simultaneously performing slightly different versions of the same melody. Each version would be characterized as improvised or ornamented versions of the melody as opposed to harmonized versions of a melody as in polyphonic music.
a style of composition in which there is one melody, and all the voices and accompaniments move rhythmically together. This is opposed to polyphonic, in which each voice may move independently. Not to be confused with monophony.
AKA homorhythmic -> chorals style writing where voices move in the same rhythm and change pitch.
aka homorhythmic aka chordal homophony
melody with accompaniment
Also homophony - one melody with a homophonic accompaniment.
(orchestration) the art of arranging a composition for performance by an instrumental ensemble.
the family of wind instruments which are made of a brass or silver tube that flares into a bell at the end, have cupped mouthpieces similar to that of a trumpet, and usually have valves or slides (i.e. trumpets, horns, trombones, tubas, etc.)
an instrumental accompaniment that is read from only a given bass line (often with figures). The continuo typically consists of a low bass instrument (cello, bass, viol, or bassoon) that plays a single-voice bass line, and an instrument capable of producing chordal harmonies (harpsichord, organ, guitar, or lute). The chordal instrument must realize the bass line harmonically - from figures if given, or following principles of harmonic progression and voice-leading.
instruments that are sounded by striking, shaking, plucking, or scraping. All instruments such as drums and bells fall into this category.
the performers of the percussion instruments of an ensemble. Generally this term is applied specifically to a jazz band, the rhythm section of which would include: piano, double bass (or electric bass), guitar, and drum kit.
violins and waht not.
the quality of a sound; that component of a tone that causes different instruments (for example a guitar and a violin) to sound different from each other while they are both playing the same note.
those instruments that are made of wood and sounded by means of air. The clarinet and oboe families fall into this category, as do the saxophone and the flute families. Although the sax is made of brass, it is derived from the wooden clarinet, and is sounded by a reed, thus it is considered to be a woodwind.
music that is written for only one voice or part. This is in contrast to polyphonic music, which has more than one part or voice.
an accompanying, yet very important part of the music that should not be omitted, such as a countermelody.
a repeated rhythmic/pitch pattern
a style of composition that has many voices, each with its own melody, thus creating a rich texture of sound.
particular octave in which a pitch sounds
a single performer or a passage that is to be performed by a single performer.
A directive to perform the indicated passage of a composition with an entire section of an ensemble as opposed to the directive solo where only one member of the section performs
the vocal or instrumental range most used by a singer or intrument.
"all together now!"
Term used in Baroque music for a bass line that moves steadily in a rhythm contrasting to that of the upper parts.
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