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if someone .... does something, another person says that they have done it, even though this has not been proved (adverb)
a particular part, feature, or quality of something -> a system of rules that covers almost every ... of their lives (singular)
a group of people who have joined together because they have similar interests or aims; a connection between two things
the belief that you are able to do things well -> You should have more ... in your own abilities.
to give money, goods, or your time and effort in order to achieve something, especially when other people are also helping -> Many local businesses offered to ... to the school rebuilding fund.
the large amount of time and effort that someone spends on something -> The project has been a success, thanks to the ... of all of our staff.
a change in the road or path that you take to get somewhere because the usual road or path is closed
the activity of making or repairing things yourself instead of paying someone to do it for you
something such as a room or piece of equipment that is provided at a place for people to use -> The hotel has excellent leisure ... (plural).
to look at someone or something in a way that shows you are very surprised or impressed by them
a game or race at the start of a competition, the winners of the ... then compete against each other at the next stage
the time when you are not working or are not busy; activities that you do to relax or enjoy yourself
something that you wear to cover part or all of your face in order to protect it from something harmful such as poisonous gas, bacteria, or smoke
a sudden, unexpected change in the way that someone feels and behaves, especially when they become very angry or unhappy (singular)
someone who is just beginning to learn a skill or subject; someone who has entered a religious community but is not yet a full member
something that happens, especially something unexpected and unpleasant -> computer errors are a common ... (singular)
something taken illegally by someone involved in sport to make them stronger, faster etc. (plural)
a relationship between the sizes of two numbers or amount -> a teacher-student ... of 1:20 (=1 teacher for every 20 students)
a bag that you carry on your back, used when you are walking long distances or travelling to several different places
the activity of swimming under water with a container of air on your back and a tube for breathing through
to pay for or give money to an event, a television or radio programme, a website etc as a way to advertise your products or services
a worried or nervous feeling that stops you relaxing, caused, for example, by pressure at work or financial or personal problems
difficult to deal with in a way that makes you annoyed or tired -> We've all had a very ... day.
turn a blind eye
to pretend you do not notice something, because you should do something about it but you do not want to
to stop something that you are doing or planning to do, especially because it is too difficult to continue -> I finally ...ed my attempt to learn to drive.
if a ship runs ..., it becomes stuck on a piece of ground under the water, where the water is not deep enough
burning; if someone's face or eyes are ... , their expression shows a feeling such as excitement or happiness
relating to a town or city, especially to its government and public activities; relating to the people who live in a town or city or the duties and responsibilities that they have as citizens
happening frequently, or existing in large amounts or numbers; used, done, or shared by two or more people
to pay someone money because they have suffered an injury or loss; to change or remove the bad result of something
the process of finishing an activity or job; the time when an activity or job is finished
relating to people's homes and family life; relating to the country being talked about, and not other countries
the ability to decide in an independent way what to do and when to do it -> Employees are encouraged to use their ... if faced with a problem.
if you are ... in doing something, you have a good reason for doing it and it is right that you should do it
a pile of something such as earth or stones; a small hill, especially one that has been made by people
time, period etc is when the largest number of people are doing or using something -> Travelling at ...s is more expensive. (two words, singular)
to slide across the ground in an uncontrolled way -> The van ...ded to a stop right in front of the bus.
a man whose job is to look after the passengers on a plane, train, or ship, especially serving them with food and drinks.
left somewhere with no way of going anywhere else => Hundreds of passengers were left ... at the airport.
a machine that you travel in or on, especially one with an engine that travels on roads, for example a car, bus, van, truck, or motorcycle (singular)
the useless materials, substances, or parts that are left after you use something -> toxic ...
an area of land where people do not live or grow crops and where there are no buildings -> the Alaskan ...
used for saying that something changes or is different depending on the situation; if you do something .... a plan or system, you do it in a way that agrees with this plan or system
a feeling or attitude of being certain that something is true; a statement that something will happen or is true, made in order to remove any doubt about it
to tell someone that something will definitely happen or is definitely true, especially in order to remove doubt about it; to do everything that you can in order to make certain that something happens
the power to make decisions or tell people what to do; an organization or institution that controls something, often a public service
if you are ... from someone's behaviour or from some problem etc., you cannot understand it or solve it
to show that something is true or that someone is telling the truth -> Scientific evidence ...s ... the claim that stress and disease are linked. -> to ... ...
to make someone feel more positive or more confident; to try to make people want to buy a product, visit a place etc, by talking about it publicly in a very positive way
the process of temporarily preventing people from using a place, for example a road or bridge
something that combines several things; the process of putting, using, or mixing things together
giving your attention to something because you think it is important -> He's more ... with what people think of him than anything else.
concerned (involved in sth)
involved in something, or affected by something -> It was a difficult time for all ... (=for everyone who was involved).
the belief that you are able to do things well -> He's a nice boy, but he doesn't have much ... .
a ... subject, opinion, or decision is one that people disagree about or do not approve of
something that is ... is not certain because it is possible for people to have different opinions about it
to keep someone in a police station or prison and not allow them to leave; to keep someone in hospital because they are too ill to leave
to say that you do not have any responsibility for something, knowledge of something, or interest in something
to make changes in the way that someone looks so that other people will not recognize them -> She arrived at his home ... as a man.
an organized occasion such as a party or sports competition; something that happens, especially something that involves several people
described in a way that makes it seem better, worse, larger, more important etc than it really is; done in an extreme way that does not seem sincere or natural (adjective)
the process of making a business, organization, or activity grow by including more people, moving into new areas, selling more products etc
spreading over a large area; very large in amount or degree; involving a lot of details and information (adjective)
used especially in letters to show that you are referring to a previous letter or conversation -> ... our recent telephone conversation, I am writing to confirm our meeting.
to start or continue to do something, especially after waiting for permission -> '...,' he insisted. 'I won't interrupt again.'
to go to a place before someone else who you are with -> You ... and we'll wait here for Sally.
the place where a company or organization has its main offices; the place from which military action is controlled.
something that happens, especially a violent, criminal, or dangerous event -> Police are appealing for witnesses to the ... .
to show that there is a good reason for something, especially something that other people think is wrong -> You'll be expected to ... your actions.
to appear as a large shape that is not clear, usually in a threatening way -> Suddenly the mountains ...ed up out of the mist.
used for introducing an additional and important fact that supports or emphasizes what you have just said
formal discussion in which people or groups try to reach an agreement, especially in a business or political situation
someone who uses a room, building, area of land, seat, bed, or other place during a period of time -> The ... of the second car suffered minor injuries.
defeat in a fight or game; if you ...ed someone you affected her / him so strongly that they cannot think or behave normally
newspapers and news magazines; a machine used for printing newspapers, books, or magazines
feel proud about an achievement, skill, or special quality that you have; to ... on sth. (verb)
important and well known -> She is likely to play a ... part in the presidential campaign.
the size or shape of something; the degree of importance of something -> a disaster of catastrophic ...
the possibility that something will happen, especially something good; chances of success, especially in a job or career -> employment ...
if a vehicle or driver ...s ... a road, they stop by the side of it -> If you're feeling sleepy, ... the road immediately and have a rest
to not agree to an offer, proposal, or request; to refuse to take something, for example because it is damaged or is not what you wanted
restore (exist again)
to cause a particular situation to exist again, especially a positive one -> electricity had been ...d.
to make someone or something start being in a particular situation again -> Within minutes we had ...d the kitchen to its former tidiness.
to start something again after stopping temporarily; to be started again after being stopped temporarily -> Talks will ... later.
a situation that shocks you and makes you angry, especially one that you think someone in authority should change -> It's a ... that companies can charge so much for phone calls.
to make an area or building safe; to get or achieve something important -> He ...d widespread support among the party's senior members.
a ... problem is very serious and worrying; ... weather is extremely unpleasant and likely to cause harm or damage
ideas or discussion about why something has happened or what might happen -> There has been a great deal of ... about what will happen after the elections.
someone whose job is to officially represent an organization, for example in dealing with journalists
to be ready to do something; to be loyal to someone who is in a difficult situation -> We knew they would ... us no matter what we'd done.
pressure caused by a difficult situation; mental pressure or worry -> i was feeling overworked and under ... .
someone or something that still exists after every other member of a group has died or been destroyed -> He is the sole ... of the 1935 winnin
to make someone or something completely different, usually in a way that makes them more attractive, easier to use etc -> Working with abused children ...ed Scott's life.
... on something = to almost be in a particular state -> The test was so difficult it was ...ing on the ridiculous.
someone who has been harmed, injured, or killed as the result of a crime; someone who has suffered as a result of the actions or negative attitudes of someone else or of people in general
the process by which something increases in amount or is collected together over time -> slow ... of cholesterol in the arteries
good enough or large enough for a particular purpose -> The house is perfectly ... for just the two of us.
something that makes one person or thing more likely to succeed than others -> the ... of a good education
afford (a view)
if you can ... something, you have enough money to be able to pay for it or you can do it without having to worry about it causing problems for you.
used for showing that an amount, number, time etc is not exact -> ... 60,000 people filled the stadium.
a plant that is smaller than a tree and has a lot of thin branches growing close -> a currant ...
the amount of something that can be put in a container, or the number of people that a place has room for -> There are plans to increase the ... of the stadium.
to put too many things in a place so that it looks untidy -> His bedroom was ...ed with books and papers. (verb)
to make land suitable for growing crops or plants; to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities
something that is ... is slightly wet, often in an unpleasant way or when it should be dry -> The wood won't burn if it's ... .
relating to people's homes and family life; relating to the country being talked about, and not other countries -> ... politics
relating to the economy of a particular country or region; relating to business, industry, and trade
a set of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are published at the same time -> the December ... of our magazine
at the end of a process or period of time in which many things happen -> 'Did they ever pay you?' '..., yes.'
used for emphasizing that something is available to or limited to one specific person, thing, or group -> a club ... for women
someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject -> a computer ... (singular)
to concentrate on something and pay particular attention to it; to turn a part on a camera, telescope, microscope etc until you can see something clearly
a ... house, flat, or room is one that you rent with furniture already in it; with a particular type or amount of furniture
an object, usually made of metal, that fastens a door to a wall, or a lid to a container, and allows it to open and shut (singular)
the line in the distance where the sky seems to meet the earth -> The sun was setting on the ... .
an ... road, path etc is impossible to travel along, especially because the weather is too bad
something that is ... is attractive and makes you want to experience it -> an ... outdoor pool
a legal contract in which you agree to pay to use someone else's building, land, or equipment for a specific period of time
relating to the period of European history between about the year 1000 ad and the year 1500; very old-fashioned
stopped moving or what you are doing for a short time before starting again -> She ... at the door and then left.
to make someone agree to do something by giving them reasons why they should; to make someone believe that something is true
relating to your body rather than your mind; relating to the way that someone or something looks -> ... appearance
a house or other place where someone lives, especially a large house used by an important person -> the President's official ...
natural things such as trees, hills, and lakes that you can see in a particular place -> Switzerland has some spectacular ... .
used for emphasizing the amount or degree of something -> We were overwhelmed by the ... volume of work.
a very large metal container used in the building industry for waste. It is carried away by a truck when it is full.
the right to use a flat, building, or a piece of land that you rent from the person who owns it
standing, pointing, or moving straight up. Something that is ... is parallel to the ground or its base
any character that lacks the superhuman powers that would normally be connotated in superhero. They are normally people who use special devices. An example of ...s would be Batman.
done in an obvious way that shows you are not embarrassed or ashamed to be doing something bad or illegal
to ask someone so many questions, give them so much information etc that it is difficult for them to deal with it all
to force someone to accept a particular set of beliefs by repeating the same idea many times so that the person cannot think in an independent way (verb)
a small magazine containing details and pictures of goods or services that you can buy -> summer travel ...
a short news broadcast; a magazine or newspaper that a club or organization produces regularly to give information to its members
a series of things such as television advertisements or posters that try to persuade people to buy a product
the process of removing parts of books, films, letters etc that are considered unsuitable for moral, religious, or political reasons
the number of copies of a newspaper or magazine sold each day, week etc -> a newspaper with a daily ... of more than 2 million
to change or remove the bad result of something -> This payment more than ...d for what we've lost.
to end, especially by someone saying or doing something -> The article ...s with the names and addresses of organizations that can help.
to decide that something is true after looking at all the evidence you have -> The report ...s that a world recession was unlikely.
noticing that something exists or is happening and realizing that it is important -> We are ... that some people may not wish to work at night.
a newspaper or television reporter, especially one who deals with a particular subject or area -> a political ...
news about something on television or radio or in the newspapers -> You can see live ... of England's game against France.
showing that something is wrong or bad, or that someone has done something wrong or bad -> ... evidence of corruption in the commission (adjective)
facts or information used for making calculations or decision -> The analysis was based on ... collected in the field.
to describe someone or something using words or pictures -> He was ...ed as a hero who died for his beliefs.
a set of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are published at the same time -> a copy of the latest ... of our magazine
the act of making something publicly known because you believe that it is wrong or illegal ->... of corruption within the government
books and stories about imaginary events and people; a report, story, or explanation that is not true
the main idea or most important point of something that someone has written or said -> I only got the ... of what he was saying.
attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way -> It's a very ... holiday destination.
reasons for what you say or do, or for being allowed to say or do something -> There do seem to be some ... (plural) for their complaints.
to see or hear something that is not really there, especially because of an illness or the effect of drugs
to give someone a disadvantage -> Some applicants were ...ed by their poor level of English.
from a low social class; not proud and not thinking that you are better than other people -> a ... man
something that is a copy of something else, usually not as good as the original thing -> a crude ... of Hitchcock's earlier work.
someone whose job is to report the news for a newspaper, magazine, radio programme, or television programme
stories, poems, and plays, especially those that are considered to have value as art and not just entertainment
a writer's original pages of a book, article, or document before it is published -> Please send me a copy of your ... when it's finished.
a way of communicating information and ideas, especially to a lot of people, for example newspapers or television
to frequently ask someone to do something that they do not want to do -> My mum keeps ...ing me to tidy my room.
heavier than you should be; used about something that weighs more than it should -> ... baggage is subject to extra charges.
accepting what happens without trying to control or change events or to react to things -> Watching television is a relatively ... activity.
to move someone to a job at a higher level; to attract people's attention to a product or event, for example by advertising
to keep something within strict limits -> Doctors have ... the number of visits to two per day.
having doubts about something that other people think is true or right -> I'm very ... about the results of the survey.
to write or talk about an event in a way that makes it seem as exciting and shocking as possible
used for emphasizing the amount or degree of something -> Maya succeeded through ... hard work.
a television or radio series about a particular group of characters who deal with situations in a humorous way - a sitcom
a ... influence is one that may affect you even though you do not notice or think about it -> ... advertising
the most important ideas or basic meaning of a discussion or a piece of writing -> He refused to discuss the ... of the meetings.
believing that someone has probably done something wrong; making you believe that something is wrong, dangerous, or illegal (adjective)
to try to persuade or to influence a particular group of people -> television advertising that is ...ed at children
a collection or number of people, things, ideas etc that are all different from one another -> People study yoga for a ... of reasons.
relating to things that you can see -> Television news brings us ... images from around the world.
the mood or feeling that exists in a place and affects the people who are there -> After Joe left there was a more relaxed ... at home.
a piece of equipment with two parts that you hold against your eyes and look through to see distant objects more clearly
CAUSING a serious illness caused by a group of cells in the body increasing in an uncontrolled way
a situation in which wild animals are kept in a place such as a park or zoo instead of living in their natural environment -> crocodiles that were born in ...
a strong movement of water / air in one direction -> Birds of prey use air ... to lift them.
damage that is so severe that something stops existing or can never return to its normal state -> the ... of the environment
including people from many different cultures or races; very different from each other -> The newspaper aims to cover a ... range of issues.
a bad event, usually death, destruction, or complete failure, that will happen in the future and cannot be avoided
to be the best possible example of a particular type of person or thing -> Singapore's Changi airport ...s the state's efficiency.
a period of time that has a particular quality or character.; a historical period with a particular character or feature -> the colonial / Roman ...
the slow increase in the temperature of the Earth caused partly by the greenhouse effect increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
likely or certain to happen very soon -> Many species of animal are in ... danger of extinction.
able to influence the way other people think or behave -> He is one of the most ... figures in the government.
used for talking about the degree to which something happens -> She cites other scholars' work only ... it supports her own theories.
the activity of being with and talking to other people, and the way that people react to each other -> the... between mother and baby
a subject that people discuss or argue about, especially relating to society, politics etc -> It's a website devoted to environmental ...s.
in the sea, not on the land. This word is used especially for talking about the oil industry.
a statement about what you think will happen in the future, or the process of making such a statement -> There is a ... that inflation will hold to 8.5% this year.
according to some religions, a man sent by God to lead people and teach them their religious beliefs
quantity of something that is a part or share of the whole -> Only a small ... of graduates fail to find employment.
a group of people who are similar because they have the same skin colour or other physical features
things such as coal, trees, and oil that exist in nature and can be used by people -> Many of these countries are rich in timber and mineral ... (plural).
a situation in which people completely change their government or political system, usually by force
plant or animal group whose members all have similar general features and are able to produce young plants or animals together
a long thin part of a plant with a flower, fruit, or leaf at the end -> celery / mushroom / cherry ...
important, or real; large in amount or degree -> ... differences between population groups.
to stay alive despite an injury, illness, war etc -> His doctor says it's a miracle that he ...d.
a simple living thing that is smaller than bacteria and that can enter your body and make you ill. A vaccine is a medicine that makes you immune to a particular ... .
a ... action is done because you choose to do it, and not because you have to, it is done for no pay
an area of land where people do not live or grow crops and where there are no buildings -> the Alaskan ...
too confident and relaxed because you think you can deal with something easily, even though this may not be true
a large meeting, often lasting a few days, where people who are interested in a particular subject come together to discuss ideas -> an international ... on the control of illegal drugs
to ask for information or advice from someone who has special knowledge about a particular subject -> Before going on a diet, it is advisable to ... your doctor.
written legal agreement between two people or businesses that says what each must do for the other or give to the other -> a permanent / a fixed-term ...
a strong feeling of wanting to find out about something -> All children have a certain ... about sexual matters.
an official document that you need in order to drive. The American word is driver's license.
allowed by rules or laws to do something or to receive something -> If you are ... for financial help, we will tell you how to claim.
end of one's tether
to feel very upset because you are no longer able to deal with a difficult situation -> I'm at the ... with these kids.
at the end of a process or period of time in which many things happen -> We're hoping, ..., to create 500 new jobs.
a senior manager in a business or other organization -> a meeting with some of the company's top ...s
a leading or important position -> Recent events had brought European issues to the ... of media attention.
a sudden feeling of enthusiasm, or a new idea that helps you to do or create something ->D reams are a rich source of ... for some writers.
a situation in which you do not have any, or enough, of something that you need or want -> The court case was dismissed for ... of evidence.
the process of using machines to do something that was previously done by people or animals
a feeling of enthusiasm or interest that makes you determined to do something; a reason for doing something
essential or needed in order to do something, provide something, or make something happen -> basic foods regarded as ... for health
to try to reach an agreement by discussing something in a formal way, especially in a business or political situation
on one's toes
keep ... = to make someone concentrate so that they are ready to deal with anything that might happen
a chance to do something, or a situation in which it is easy for you to do something -> ... for career advancement.
happening or existing for a long time or for all time in the future -> We have a ... staff of 24, plus 8 seasonal workers in the summer.
to express strong approval or admiration for someone or something, especially in public -> Mayor Dixon ...d the efforts of those involved in the rescue.
the rate at which goods are produced, especially in relation to the time, money, and workers needed to produce them
to give someone the same amount of money that they have spent, for example on something connected with their work -> The company will ... you for your travelling expenses.
right up your street
exactly the type of thing that someone is interested in or is good at doing -> This sort of thing should be... .
a plan that is developed by a government or large organization in order to provide a particular service for people -> a training ...
used for emphasizing the amount or degree of something -> Maya succeeded through ... hard work.
large in amount or degree; important, or real -> The most ... regional newspaper is Caribbean Contact.
not needed; used for describing something that should not have happened because it could have been avoided -> The delay was totally ... .
a job that you do because you feel it is your purpose in life and for which you have special skills -> Mason regarded teaching as his ... .
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