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Created by merging the Units needed for the 2011 Practical English IV exam. Some small mistakes were corrected.


if someone .... does something, another person says that they have done it, even though this has not been proved (adverb)


someone who does something because they enjoy it instead of as a job


if something ....s to you, you like it or want it


plastic rings filled with air, worn around each arm by people learning to swim (plural)


a particular part, feature, or quality of something -> a system of rules that covers almost every ... of their lives (singular)


hoping and trying to be successful at something, especially in your career -> an ... actor


a group of people who have joined together because they have similar interests or aims; a connection between two things


something that is ... has a good effect or influence on someone or something


the ability to do something


a piece of equipment used for finding your way, with a needle that always points north


a group of people or organizations that are united


the belief that you are able to do things well -> You should have more ... in your own abilities.


to give money, goods, or your time and effort in order to achieve something, especially when other people are also helping -> Many local businesses offered to ... to the school rebuilding fund.


the large amount of time and effort that someone spends on something -> The project has been a success, thanks to the ... of all of our staff.


a change in the road or path that you take to get somewhere because the usual road or path is closed


the activity of making or repairing things yourself instead of paying someone to do it for you


a feeling of being extremely tired and without energy


something such as a room or piece of equipment that is provided at a place for people to use -> The hotel has excellent leisure ... (plural).


a wide flat rubber shoe that you use to swim faster


to grow well and be healthy; to be very successful


not allowed according to a rule, law, or custom


to look at someone or something in a way that shows you are very surprised or impressed by them

heat (race)

a game or race at the start of a competition, the winners of the ... then compete against each other at the next stage


a hard hat that you wear to protect your head


the most exciting, impressive, or interesting part of an event (singular)

ideal (n)

the best example of something that you can think of or imagine


to run at a slow steady speed, usually for exercise or pleasure


one complete turn around a course in a race

laze about

to relax and enjoy yourself, doing no work


the time when you are not working or are not busy; activities that you do to relax or enjoy yourself


a piece of curved glass or plastic that makes things seem smaller, bigger, or clearer


something that you wear to cover part or all of your face in order to protect it from something harmful such as poisonous gas, bacteria, or smoke

mood swing

a sudden, unexpected change in the way that someone feels and behaves, especially when they become very angry or unhappy (singular)


someone who is just beginning to learn a skill or subject; someone who has entered a religious community but is not yet a full member


concerning food as something that keeps you healthy


something that happens, especially something unexpected and unpleasant -> computer errors are a common ... (singular)


someone who is competing against you (singular)

performance-enhancing drugs

something taken illegally by someone involved in sport to make them stronger, faster etc. (plural)

peter out

to gradually become smaller or weaker before coming to an end or disappearing completely


believing that good things will happen or that a situation will get better


involving or affecting your mind; connected with the study of how your mind works


a piece of equipment for making a liquid or gas move into or out of something -> an air ...


a relationship between the sizes of two numbers or amount -> a teacher-student ... of 1:20 (=1 teacher for every 20 students)


a bag that you carry on your back, used when you are walking long distances or travelling to several different places

scuba diving

the activity of swimming under water with a container of air on your back and a tube for breathing through


to pay for or give money to an event, a television or radio programme, a website etc as a way to advertise your products or services


a worried or nervous feeling that stops you relaxing, caused, for example, by pressure at work or financial or personal problems


to make a lot of effort to achieve something -> to ...


even better than what was expected or hoped for


to become very successful, happy, or healthy


an object with three legs that is used for supporting something such as a camera


difficult to deal with in a way that makes you annoyed or tired -> We've all had a very ... day.

turn a blind eye

to pretend you do not notice something, because you should do something about it but you do not want to


to experience something, especially something that is unpleasant but necessary

water chute

a tube or a smooth narrow open surface in a swimming pool that people slide down


to stop something that you are doing or planning to do, especially because it is too difficult to continue -> I finally ...ed my attempt to learn to drive.


to happen or make something happen at a faster rate; if a vehicle ...s, it moves faster


if a ship runs ..., it becomes stuck on a piece of ground under the water, where the water is not deep enough

air pollution

chemicals and other substances that have a harmful effect on air


burning; if someone's face or eyes are ... , their expression shows a feeling such as excitement or happiness


different from something else and able to be used instead of it; not traditional


an angry disagreement between people


to climb a mountain, stairs etc; if a road, path, or set of stairs ...s , it goes up


a fact or condition that affects a situation


relating to a town or city, especially to its government and public activities; relating to the people who live in a town or city or the duties and responsibilities that they have as citizens


if people or things ..., they crash into each other


happening frequently, or existing in large amounts or numbers; used, done, or shared by two or more people


to pay someone money because they have suffered an injury or loss; to change or remove the bad result of something


the process of finishing an activity or job; the time when an activity or job is finished

conductor (transport)

someone on a bus or train who checks passengers' tickets and collects money


with so many vehicles or people that it is difficult to move around


to put people or things into a space that is too small

current (tide)

a strong movement of water in one direction


a specific time or date by which you have to do something


a ... place has no people in it -> .... streets


to get off something such as a horse or bicycle

document (vb)

to record something in writing or on film


relating to people's homes and family life; relating to the country being talked about, and not other countries


a hill of sand on a beach or in a desert


to put someone or something into a situation where they might be harmed or damaged


very large in size or quantity


continuing for ever or for a very long time


involving money


smoothly, attractively; in a way showing good manners and respect for other people

grizzly bear

a very large bear with brown fur that lives in the mountains of the north-western US

haunt (n)

a place that someone visits often because they enjoy going there


the period of time when a person, idea, or object is most successful or popular


the ability to decide in an independent way what to do and when to do it -> Employees are encouraged to use their ... if faced with a problem.


if you are ... in doing something, you have a good reason for doing it and it is right that you should do it


a pile of something such as earth or stones; a small hill, especially one that has been made by people

peak period

time, period etc is when the largest number of people are doing or using something -> Travelling at ...s is more expensive. (two words, singular)


happening sometimes, but not frequently or regularly (adjective)


someone who is walking past a place, especially when an accident or violent event happens


someone who goes for long walks for enjoyment


not often


a place where you go to protect yourself from something dangerous or threatening


in comparison with someone or something similar -> a ... small basement flat


far away from anywhere or anyone else; from a distance


to be similar to someone or something, especially in appearance -> to ... something.


a rule, action, or situation that limits or controls someone or something -> travel ...


to make something completely wet -> Heavy rains ... fields and pastures.


a plan of activities or events and when they will happen


to slide across the ground in an uncontrolled way -> The van ...ded to a stop right in front of the bus.


if something is ..., it does not move or change


not moving


a man whose job is to look after the passengers on a plane, train, or ship, especially serving them with food and drinks.


left somewhere with no way of going anywhere else => Hundreds of passengers were left ... at the airport.


a large group of insects flying or moving together (singular)


a large crowd of people


small thick bushes that cover the ground, especially between larger trees in a forest


part of a road or path that goes under another road or under a railway


a machine that you travel in or on, especially one with an engine that travels on roads, for example a car, bus, van, truck, or motorcycle (singular)


very important, necessary, or essential; full of energy and life

wastes (n)

the useless materials, substances, or parts that are left after you use something -> toxic ...


happening or existing in many places, or affecting many people


an area of land where people do not live or grow crops and where there are no buildings -> the Alaskan ...

according to

used for saying that something changes or is different depending on the situation; if you do something .... a plan or system, you do it in a way that agrees with this plan or system


to publicly support a particular policy or way of doing things


a feeling or attitude of being certain that something is true; a statement that something will happen or is true, made in order to remove any doubt about it


to tell someone that something will definitely happen or is definitely true, especially in order to remove doubt about it; to do everything that you can in order to make certain that something happens


the power to make decisions or tell people what to do; an organization or institution that controls something, often a public service


if you are ... from someone's behaviour or from some problem etc., you cannot understand it or solve it


the important ideas, facts, or actions from which something can develop

bear out

to show that something is true or that someone is telling the truth -> Scientific evidence ...s ... the claim that stress and disease are linked. -> to ... ...


to make someone feel more positive or more confident; to try to make people want to buy a product, visit a place etc, by talking about it publicly in a very positive way


a situation in which everything is confused and in a mess


the process of temporarily preventing people from using a place, for example a road or bridge


something that combines several things; the process of putting, using, or mixing things together

common knowledge

something that everyone knows


giving your attention to something because you think it is important -> He's more ... with what people think of him than anything else.

concerned (involved in sth)

involved in something, or affected by something -> It was a difficult time for all ... (=for everyone who was involved).

concrete (adj)

based on facts and information -> Let me give you a ... example of what I mean.


the belief that you are able to do things well -> He's a nice boy, but he doesn't have much ... .


a ... subject, opinion, or decision is one that people disagree about or do not approve of


something that is ... is not certain because it is possible for people to have different opinions about it


to become less or worse; to say politely that you will not accept something or do something


to keep someone in a police station or prison and not allow them to leave; to keep someone in hospital because they are too ill to leave


to say that you do not have any responsibility for something, knowledge of something, or interest in something


to make changes in the way that someone looks so that other people will not recognize them -> She arrived at his home ... as a man.


the process of getting rid of something -> the ... of nuclear waste at sea


not feeling certain about something; not certain or likely to happen or be true


someone who lives in a particular type of place -> city/country/cave ... (singular)


all the people who are allowed to vote in an election


an organized occasion such as a party or sports competition; something that happens, especially something that involves several people


described in a way that makes it seem better, worse, larger, more important etc than it really is; done in an extreme way that does not seem sincere or natural (adjective)


the process of making a business, organization, or activity grow by including more people, moving into new areas, selling more products etc


spreading over a large area; very large in amount or degree; involving a lot of details and information (adjective)


a ... event or time is one that can easily be imagined or known about before it happens

further to

used especially in letters to show that you are referring to a previous letter or conversation -> ... our recent telephone conversation, I am writing to confirm our meeting.

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