Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
AP Government Chapter 1 Terms (The Challenge of Democracy)
Chapter 1 terms from the Government textbook "The Challenge of Democracy."
Terms in this set (24)
Increasing independence of citizens and nations across the world
The legitimate use of force- including firearms, imprisonment, and execution- within specified geographical boundaries to control human behavior
Each national government has the right to govern its people as it wishes, without interference from other nations (Government maintains order, provides public goods, and most recently promotes equality
A text by Thomas Hobbes that states that life without government would be "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."
Locke: "Two Treatises on Government"
A text by author John Locke that stated that the protection of life, liberty, and property should be basic objective of government
The belief that states should leave individuals free to follow their individual pursuits. Different from the liberal that resides on the "political spectrum"
German who supported communism and government control of food and services
A political system in which, in theory, ownership of all land and productive facilities is in the hands of the people, and all goods are equally shared. The production and distribution of goods are controlled by an authoritarian government.
Benefits and services that are available to everyone such as education, sanitation, and parks.
Concepts that describe values pursued by government
Freedom, order, equality
Concepts that describe models of democratic style
FDR's opinion on freedom
Freedom from fear, freedom from want, freedom of religion, freedom of speech
absence of constraints on behavior; freedom to do something
Established patterns of authority in society and to traditional modes of behavior
The authority of a government to maintain order and safeguard residents safety, health, welfare, and morals
Equality in political decision making one vote per person, with all votes counted equally
Equality in wealth, education, and status
Equality of opportunity
The idea that each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life
Equality of outcome
The concept that society must ensure that people are equal, and governments must design policies to redistribute wealth and status so that economic and social equality is actually achieved
The benefits of government to which every citizen is entitles
Two Dilemmas of Government
Freedom vs. Order (Original dilemma)
Freedom vs. Equality (Modern dilemma)
Freedom Vs. Order
Ex: Americans view crime as a critical issue, yet communist governments have a good handle on crime
Any policy that strengthens one value takes away from another
Freedom Vs. Equality
More of a subtle difference
Most Americans would choose freedom vs. equality
Sets found in the same folder
AP Government Chapter 2 (The Challenge of Democrac…
AP Government Chapter 3 Notes (The Challenges of D…
Sets with similar terms
AP Government Chapter 1 Extras (The Challenge of D…
AP Gov ch. 1
Other sets by this creator
Science of Sport Exam #2 Cards
Science of Sport Exam #2