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Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)

This concept was a result of extreme tension and fear during the Cold War. The doctrine assumes that the opposition has enough nuclear power to destroy their side and if attacked, either side would respond in equal or greater force, leading to total destruction.

New Deal

Term coined for the many programs put into place by Franklin Roosevelt to provide immediate relief, recovery, and reform to the economic collapse, as well as prevent future economic emergencies from happening.

New Freedom

Policy of Woodrow Wilson in what he called an attack on "the triple wall of privilege" (trusts, tariffs, and high finance.) Two major antitrust measures, the Clayton Antitrust Act, and the Federal Trade Commission were introduced as a result.

New Nationalism

Theodore Roosevelt's political philosophy. He argued that in order to protect social justice, a powerful government must control the economy. In a time of Industrialization, Theodore's aimed to protected women, men, and children in labor from exploitation.

NIxon's Enemies List

The informal name given to President Nixon's list of political opponents. A key piece of evidence in the Watergate Scandal.

"Peace without victory"

President Wilson proposed this concept during WWI. Knowing that a clear winner and loser of the war would lead to sore feelings and continued violence, Wilson proposed that all the fighting stop without a clear winner to end the loss and bloodshed and to maintain peace.


Legal prevention of the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol. This was a movement in the Progressive era that eventually led to the 18th amendment. (later revoked by the 21st.)

"Problem that had no name"

This was a popular phrase, used in Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" to describe how women are held back from reaching their whole human capacities.


Though first invented in the 1860s by James Clark Maxwell for communication, these became commercially popular in the 1920s. They were a main source of entertainment, information and music until the invention of the Television.


The nickname used to describe President Reagan's economic plan. His plan included increasing defense spending, cutting taxes, and reducing the role of Government in the economy which consequently harmed Welfare programs


During the Cold War, the Soviet Union place the first of these, named Sputnik, into space. This display of power terrified Americans and began the US-Soviet space race.


International concept that Nations have the right to choose their political affiliation and sovereignty freely. Although this principle was used during the Cold War, the US and Soviet Union pushed for influence in nations making such choices after WWII.


During the Civil Rights Movement, a popular way to protest nonviolently was to sit at the counter seats- seats designated for whites only. This created positive attention and eventual results in the Civil Rights Movement.

Submarine warfare

Although first used in the Civil war, a new type of combat became popular thanks to the German U-boats in WWI. This combat reflected the profound technological advancements in WWI.

Supply-side economics

theory that economic development relies on the producer. This theory calls for taxes to be low, budgets balanced, and a less regulating government. As a result, people will ideally invest more, leading to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.

Trickle Down Theory

A large idea of "Reaganomics." He thought that if most of the money was given to the rich and middle classes through decreasing taxes, in turn they would give money and provide support for the lower classes.

Triple Alliance

The alliance between Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany from 1882 until the start of WWI, 1914.

Triple Entente

The alliance during WWI between Great Britain, France, and Russia from 1907.


German submarines that were notorious for surprise attacks on British and American ships.

Demand-side economics

An economic theory developed by John Maynard Keynes proposing that government should stimulate the economy through measures that influence the overall demand for goods and services. Puts the power in the state to increase spending power of the average person.


President Richard Nixon's method of gradual withdrawal from Vietnam and replacing US troops with S Vietnamese. He thought that as a result of this the Southern Vietnamese would be encouraged to take more responsibility in fighting the war.

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