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Terms in this set (57)
Developmental Psychology is defined as
the study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes from conception to death
proposes a series of eight stages of development
During Piaget's concrete operational stage, children
are unable to reverse their thinking
By the time they reach Piaget's _____________ stage, children are able to draw logical conclusions even when the conclusion contradicts what experience tells them is really true
Jane has an extensive vocabulary and excels at using language to convey ideas to others. According to Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, Jane is high in the ________ component.
Group of answer choices
A child with a learning disability has
difficulty in one or more academic subjects
Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Group of answer choices
are most successfully treated with treatments that address the biological, psychological, and sociocultural contributions to the disorder.
Jessica parents' usually explain why they set specific rules, and encourage Jessica to talk with them about rules. While they do set expectations for Jessica's behavior, they are quite affectionate, loving, and interested in what is going on Jessica's life. Jessica's parents most closely fit what type of Baumrind's ___________ parenting style.
When children talk about their own concrete, observable behaviors, they are defining
According to Erickson, which of the following is the central issue of early childhood?
initiative versus guilt
Learning one's gender role is called
achieving gender identity
When their child is faced with death of someone close to them, parents should
keep explanations simple but truthful
Which of the following statements regarding death and adolescents is true?
unresolved grief during adolescence has been linked to depression, chronic illness, and low self-esteem.
__________ is the use of authority through either physical or verbal means.
In which of Freud's stages does a child repress and re-channel the libido into age and gender appropriate activities.
The child's game of "peek-a- boo" centers around which of the following developmental concepts
Name one thing that a peer group does for a child
all the above
The term for a child from birth to first four weeks of life is...
This is a process of Piaget's Cognitive Development, which an individual uses their existing schemas to
Bundling and Swaddling is
the wrapping of an infant so they cannot move
Based on Elkind's characteristics of adolescent thinking which of the following is not one of the characteristics
In the Little Albert experiment____________
they generalized a phobia
A mother does not give in when her child is having a tantrum. The mother has just used
What theorist is known for Social Learning Theory Bobo Doll Experiment (Modeling)
Which of the following theorists propose that internal drives and unconscious motives determine much of the behavior
Which of the following are Freud's five psychosexual stages in correct order.
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
By what age are most infants able to sit alone
Play that involves repetitive muscular movements involving gross motor skills is called ______ play.
A research wants to study the effects of alcohol on balance. He gives his subjects one ounce of alcohol every 30 minutes and then has them walk a straight line and records how many times the subject stumbles off the line. The alcohol would be which of the following parts of an experiment.
A system of using words to create meaning is an example of
Who first showed that contact comfort was necessary for the formation of the mother-infant attachment bond?
A young child who does not smile at people and who is indifferent of cuddling presents behavior typical of
Which of the following psychologists were influential in the development of the intelligence tests.
Alfred Binet and David Weschler
Which one is not one of Thomas and Chess temperament patterns.
Anorexia Nervosa is
active self-starvation or sustained loss of appetite that has psychological origins.
During middle childhood, sleep needs
Vygotsky is best known for his concept
zone of proximal development
A 10-year old takes an IQ test and answers the questions of a 9-year-old. What would be his IQ.
Compared to children of divorced parents who have distant relationships with their nonresident fathers, those who are close to their fathers, and whose fathers use an authoritative parenting style, show which of the following?
better academic performances
Demands, threats, denial of privileges, and spanking are considered ______________ forms of discipline.
If punishment is used, it is best administered
as soon as the unacceptable behavior begins
Which sex chromosome pair would produce a male
Which of the following shows the periods of prenatal development in their correct sequence from first to last.
zygote, embryo, fetus
Crowning occurs during stage______ of labor.
Kelly has noticed that whenever she places an object in her newborn son's hand, he grasps it tightly. He is demonstrated the ________ reflex.
admire and love their parents
A powerful predictor of which students would engage in early sexual activity was
intention, influenced by the belief that one's friends were doing it
Latrice was born with an extra fold of skin at the corners of her eyes, a small head, protruding tongue, and mental retardation. She probably has
are often unresponsive and lethargic
According to Kohlberg, children learn their gender through
Which of the following is not a risk factor in drug use in adolescents?
Which is not a cerebral lobe
Which neurotransmitter is associated with depression and mania
what sense is the last to form in infancy
Not having a strong attachment with your baby can cause what?
all the above
what are some of the positive benefits of breastfeeding
all the above
which one is not a sleep disorder
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