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institutional pharmacy mid term review
Terms in this set (40)
which amendment required that drugs be safe and effective?
In 1796, DR. E.Jenner performed the first vaccination to combat:
what is the function of a vaccine?
To produce immunity to disease
select the true statement regarding an active ingredient.
It exerts the desired therapeutic effect.
which legislation created the FDA and required pharmaceutical manufactures to file a NDA?
Food, drug and cosmetic act of 1938
A designer drug made in home chemistry laboratories by modifying chemical structures is an example of?
The field of study that examines the relationship between an individuals genes and his or her body's response to drugs is known as?
when can the Food and drug administration regulate diet supplements?
If proven safety concerns exist
The study of medicinal functions of natural products of animal, plant of mineral origins:
Galen, also known as the "father of pharmacy" produced a systemic classification of drugs by creating extracts of active medicinal's from plants, this was termed:
American physicians, Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin, invented a vaccine to prevent:
What is the purpose of pharmacodynamic agents?
To alter body functions
What does the labeler code (first 4 or 5 digits) of the national drug code (NDC) number identify.
The manufacturer or distributor
pharmacists communicate serious or life- threatening adverse effects of drugs to the FDA through the?
Med watch program
Which chapter in the united states pharmacopeia (USP) developed uniform standards for patient safety for non- sterile compounding?
what discovery led to the emphasis on sterility and cleanliness in the practice of medicine and manufacture of pharmaceuticals?
Which of the following would be classified as drugs by the FDA
The________ is a professional organization that has established higher standards of pharmacy practice.
Which act requires that states establish standards of practice for drug utilization review (DUR) by the pharmacists?
Omnibus budget reconciliation act of 1990
The discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) has led to the science of?
The measurement of the amount of active ingredient and time it takes for a it to be absorbed, metabolized, distributed, or eliminated from the body is called?
Why does the FDA require OTC product labeling to list active and inactive ingredients?
prevent allergic reactions
Based on the significant incidents of adverse drug reactions, who has the power to recall, or pull off the market a drug?
A risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) must be developed by a drug manufacturer when
the benefit of using a high-risk drug outweighs the adverse effects in certain patient populations.
If a drug has a possibility of an extreme ADR, this information must be included in the
product package insert's black box and the patient's information print-out.
The adverse effects of drugs reported to the MedWatch program and the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System are stored in the
Because nonprescription drugs and supplements are not considered as potent, potentially dangerous, or addictive, the FDA does not require
an intensive approval process.
What is the main purpose of a film-coated tablet?
preventing gastrointestinal side effects
Which is a(n) example of a topical water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion or oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion?
What is a reason a physician might prescribe a delayed release tablet?
It has a reduced dosing schedule.
The intravenous (IV) bolus route
provides for the administration of the drug all at once.
An enteric-coated tablet (ECT) is an example of a _____ formulation
An error of a single decimal place is an error by a factor of
How would a pharmacy technician convert grams to milligrams?
Move the decimal point three places to the right.
In the household system of volume measurement, 1 fluid ounce is equal to
If a patient is due to receive medication at 0900, 1300, and 1700, what are the corresponding administration times in the 12-hour system, Greenwich Mean Time?
9:00 a.m.; 1:00 p.m.; 5:00 p.m
A pharmacy technician is reconstituting a dry powder. The dry powder occupies 0.6 mL. What is the diluent volume to be added if the final volume is 10 mL?
What is the purpose of USP Chapter <795>?
To identify quality standards for non sterile compounding
Which would NOT be a scenario for non sterile compounding?
The drug product is available from a manufacturer, but is more affordable for the patient to compound it.
Compounding pharmacies are overseen by
All of the choices are correct.
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